Ancient City to Country

Can you name the modern-day countries in whose territory each pair of ancient cities were located?
Answer must correspond to the yellow box. Each answer is used only once.
Many of these cities still exist, often with a different name
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: January 13, 2020
First submittedApril 24, 2011
Times taken71,114
Average score70.0%
Rating4.72
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Cities
Modern Country
Babylon | Nineveh
Iraq
Troy | Antioch
Turkey
Tenochtitlan | Texcoco
Mexico
Memphis | Crocodilopolis
Egypt
Xanadu | Chang'an
China
Pompeii | Ravenna
Italy
Sparta | Mycenae
Greece
Machu Picchu | Cusco
Peru
Edo | Asuka
Japan
Tyre | Sidon
Lebanon
Cities
Modern Country
Persepolis | Nishapur
Iran
Carthage | Utica
Tunisia
Tikal | Uaxactun
Guatemala
Angkor | Mahendraparvata
Cambodia
Ayutthaya | Sukhothai
Thailand
Timbuktu | Gao
Mali
Petra | Jerash
Jordan
Kharakhorum | Ordu-Baliq
Mongolia
Acre | Tiberias
Israel
Aquae Sulis | Eboracum
United Kingdom
+4
Level 9
Nov 20, 2013
Hey I'm Chinese how come I don't know there's a place called Xanadu, and it's wrong spelling. It's Chengdu.

Oh whatever you didn't say that you need country names so I kept typing city names. :(

+35
Level 65
Dec 13, 2013
Xanadu is Marco Polo's spelling of Shangdu 上都 during the Yuan dynasty, not Chengdu.
+6
Level 61
Jun 18, 2017
I just though of ELO.
+5
Level 67
Jan 14, 2020
How can you say it is the wrong spelling and also say you dont know it? (I ve never heard of gyyrvutar, but you spelled it wrong..)
+1
Level 74
Jun 4, 2020
Not if it is the Russian spelling of an English city - especially if it happens to be in a Russian quiz.
+7
Level 67
Jan 14, 2020
Plus it literally says "can you name the modern- day countries..."
+2
Level 76
Jan 14, 2020
No, you're wrong. Xanadu is a completely different place to Chengdu.
+3
Level 62
Nov 30, 2013
Machu Picchu is spelled with two Cs.
+2
Level ∞
Dec 14, 2013
Fixed!
+17
Level 75
Jan 15, 2020
3 in fact :-P
+16
Level 83
Dec 13, 2013
Only 19% got Karakorum... easy for me... but probably only because I'm used to seeing it as the capital city when you play as the Mongols in any of the Civilization computer games. oh and, though I'm sure I plug it enough already, oldest cities 2 of these clues are among the oldest continually-inhabited places on Earth.
+7
Level 60
Sep 20, 2014
yes Civ help me with a few as well!
+3
Level 41
Dec 12, 2015
Exposure to Civilization III since the age of six is paying off now that I've found this website!
+1
Level 83
Mar 5, 2016
Here's an easier version of the same quiz I linked to above:

Oldest Cities by Country

+2
Level 65
Mar 5, 2016
I don't play civilization, but I learned about the Mongol empire, so yah.
+2
Level 61
Jun 18, 2017
I too owe a great debt to Civ.
+2
Level 83
Jul 24, 2017
There's a mountain range by that name in China/Pakistan/India and, consequently, the name is used to brand a lot of mountaineering products. That might have steered some people away from Mongolia.
+1
Level 65
Mar 6, 2020
Yeah, I went for those countries.
+3
Level 47
Feb 18, 2019
ive played 3 4 and 5. maybe 6 soon
+2
Level 72
Jan 13, 2020
I knew most of them from playing Civ 5 myself. Great game. :-)
+9
Level 43
Mar 9, 2015
Timbuktu still exists, same city, same location.
+1
Level 65
Mar 5, 2016
With that logic, Carthage still exists
+19
Level 61
Mar 11, 2016
What logic? The city still does exist and is still called Timbuktu.
+1
Level 47
Feb 18, 2019
just near it
+6
Level 60
Jan 4, 2021
I don't know what logic you're using, but Carthage was razed and salted by the Romans. The site is still flat, bare salt fields.
+3
Level 83
Feb 8, 2022
@Xenobiologista: There's currently some doubt about this by academics.
+2
Level 61
Feb 9, 2022
@Xenobiologista And after that the Romans rebuild the city.
+2
Level 67
Oct 22, 2019
So, it says some cities still exist.
+5
Level 80
Jan 13, 2020
Even if it didn't, by what logic is an ancient city supposed to not exist anymore?
+2
Level 71
Mar 8, 2016
Thanks for mentioning Nineveh, it took me back to schooldays and to 'Cargoes' a poem By John Masefield that starts .................

"QUINQUIREME of Nineveh from distant Ophir, Rowing home to haven in sunny Palestine................ I loved that poem when I was a day-dreaming little boy.

+1
Level 60
Jun 28, 2016
I thought it was Timbikuku
+8
Level 66
Jan 15, 2020
it's not
+1
Level 46
Nov 12, 2016
Got 'em all except Kharakhorum... tried India and all -stans
+1
Level 19
Aug 23, 2017
How did I miss Timbuktu, Mali?
+1
Level 35
Aug 8, 2018
Cool!
+5
Level 55
Aug 17, 2019
cant believe kharakorum was least famous!

its where Ghengis Kahn ruled.

I thought he was the most famous person rivalled only by Jesus christ, Muhammad and Confucius.

+2
Level 67
Oct 22, 2019
A big name with a big history, but not someone I learned alot about. Nor in later years hear a lot of info on, just, gets, mentioned now and then, would definitely not call most famous. So many people more famous. Cleopatra, hitler, elvis the list is rather endless.

I would argue even cthulhu is more famous he pops up in wayy more places, books, videogames, memes, tshirts (and basicly any product you can think of that is printed with an image) You havent made it untill you are on a tshirt and fanfiction is being made about you!

+1
Level 82
Jan 13, 2020
People know more about Chinggis Khaan's conquests and the influence himself and his Hordes had in the regions conquered, than the city where he ruled.
+1
Level 65
Mar 6, 2020
Probably because he's know for moving around a lot. :-)
+1
Level 73
Feb 8, 2022
See I got it confused with Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. Put me in the wrong continent :-(
+1
Level 50
Feb 13, 2022
Genghis Khan never actually ruled from Karakorum - he was a nomad his entire life and never settled down in anyone city. His son Ogedai founded the city of Karakorum because they found it necessary for administrating their vast, newly conquered and expanding empire. But none of the Khans every spent much time there, prefering the nomadic life, and being in Mongolia, it wasn't very conveniently located, far away from trade routes and in a land not very suitable for agriculture. Genghis' grandson Kublai enjoyed city life more than his predecessors, but moved his capital to what is now Beijing, much more comfortable and closer to his empire's population center, and many of the Mongol princes followed him to China. Karakorum afterward became a backwater. In the show Marco Polo Karakorum is portrayed as a tent city where Kublai's rival Quaidu lived, while Kublai lived in Kanbalik (Beijing) and his summer city of Dadu (Xanadu)
+10
Level 76
Jan 13, 2020
Great quiz concept. Suggest it could be expanded to include Harappa/Mohenjo-daro (Pakistan) and Anuradhapura/Polonnaruwa (Sri Lanka)
+3
Level 65
Mar 6, 2020
I second Pakistan.
+1
Level 70
Jan 15, 2020
Please include England as a correct response to the UK :)
+4
Level 85
Jan 16, 2020
It's not a country again, yet (although Scotland and N. Ireland are working to start the process...)
+2
Level 77
Mar 5, 2020
Oi, don't leave out Wales. We'll be following on shortly afterwards.
+2
Level 67
Mar 5, 2020
Agreed. The country was England (technically Brittania) when those cities Aquae Sulis and Eboracum were named that (now Bath and York - both in England).

And, yes, England IS a country

+1
Level 61
Aug 11, 2020
No, the country was the Roman Empire when those cities were named that. And now, they're in the UK. England is not a country in the same sense as the others in the quiz. It's just a subdivision that happens to be called a "country".
+1
Level 66
Oct 12, 2020
England is currently a country of the world in the same way that Planet Hollywood is a planet of the Solar system.
+1
Level 65
Jan 24, 2020
Acre and Tiberias still exists, with the same names.
+5
Level 67
Mar 5, 2020
True, but the quiz is about cities that existed in ancient times, not if they became lost in time or still exist
+2
Level 66
Mar 5, 2020
Dude, Ravenna is safe and sound
+2
Level 57
Feb 8, 2022
Thanks for the update about Ravenna.
+1
Level 61
Jul 29, 2020
Ha, 1:12 !

Got stuck a bit on UK but made it, finally!

Thanks )

+2
Level 66
Jul 29, 2020
Great quiz! Please make more historic and ancient themed quizzes. Was slightly surprised that no cities from India were included but maybe next time.
+1
Level 37
Jan 12, 2021
Ravenna is still a city in Italy, a well known one nonetheless, so I'd correct that and put another city, because although it is true that Ravenna used to be the Capital city and now it's not anymore, the city still exists.
+2
Level 57
Feb 8, 2022
That's true but it also existed in ancient times making it an ancient city and a perfectly fine city to add to the quiz. They don't have to be destroyed. They just have to have been around in ancient times. Sparta still exists, Ravenna does too as you stated, Cusco still exists, Edo has been renamed to Tokyo, Xanadu was Marco Polo's translation of the Chinese city of Shengdu which still exists, Tyre and Sidon are still standing, as are Acre and Tiberias as I'm sure many others are as well but they are valid hints for the quiz as they were ancient cities
+1
Level 58
Mar 9, 2021
It's not like Edo still exists...not like the modern name beholds the biggest city if Shenzhen isn't counted with Guangzhou. No, not at all. By the way, this is just a joke. I understand some of these cities are like that.
+2
Level 57
Jun 9, 2021
I'm not sure if I would or would not like to live in a city called Crocodilopolis. At the very least, it's a cool name
+1
Level 62
Feb 8, 2022
I'm surprised that so few people got Israel right. Many participants here are Americans, and they tend to take their faith quite seriously. Jesus Christ was quite active around Tiberias.
+2
Level 65
Feb 8, 2022
Hilarious that the US can't feature on these quizzes.
+1
Level 56
Feb 8, 2022
Krokodilopolis? Why not Thebes/Alexandria?
+3
Level 57
Feb 8, 2022
Because that one sounds cooler
+1
Level 47
Jul 18, 2022
Easy. Anyone who ever played Sid Meyer's Civilization should have gotten them all.