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Communist Countries in History

Can you name all the countries of the world that have ever been run as a single-party Marxist state?
Some of these countries no longer exist!
Warsaw Pact signatories in red
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: September 10, 2023
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First submittedDecember 28, 2012
Times taken380,846
Average score53.8%
Rating4.46
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Years
Country
1978–1992
Afghanistan
1946–1992
Albania
1975–1992
Angola
1975–1990
Benin
1946–1990
Bulgaria
1979–1989
Cambodia
1949–
China
1959–
Cuba
1948–1990
Czechoslovakia
Years
Country
1949–1990
East Germany
1987–1991
Ethiopia
1979–1983
Grenada
1949–1989
Hungary
1975–
Laos
1924–1990
Mongolia
1975–1990
Mozambique
1948–2009
North Korea
1945–1976
North Vietnam
Years
Country
1944–1989
Poland
1970–1991
Rep. of the Congo
1947–1989
Romania
1969–1991
Somalia
1967–1990
South Yemen
1922–1991
Soviet Union
1976–
Vietnam
1945–1991
Yugoslavia
+1
Level 44
Mar 16, 2018
Ukraine was part of the USSR why isn't it included? Im not reading a million comments either..
+47
Level ∞
Mar 16, 2018
If you can't bother to read anyone's comments why should they bother to read yours?
+21
Level 82
Aug 20, 2018
Also, your estimate of the number of comments here is off by 999,927
+1
Level 63
Jan 9, 2020
when a your level proves you're a madlad XD
+2
Level 61
Apr 9, 2020
#rekt
+9
Level 50
Jul 20, 2018
It's not included because it was PART OF the USSR
+4
Level 67
Feb 8, 2020
So, basicly, it is included
+1
Level 57
Mar 26, 2018
I’d say there’s a case for Nicaragua, Rep Spain and Venezuela making this list.
+6
Level 64
Mar 27, 2018
republican spain was never communist, the communist party dind't even win the elections in 1936 (they were a lot of left-wing parties toguether)

Anyway, it asks for a single marxist party

+1
Level 70
Aug 20, 2018
I agree, we learned about Venezuela being a communist (socialist) country. However, I don't know how much Marxist propaganda they use (if any) and if it's of any importance to this quiz
+1
Level 35
Jan 16, 2024
san marino?
+7
Level 65
Apr 13, 2018
Here's hoping this quiz never has to be updated!
+3
Level 72
May 31, 2018
Wasn't Madagascar communist as well?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Republic_of_Madagascar

+1
Level 56
Jun 25, 2018
I thought that Paraguay and Nicaragua were communist
+2
Level 37
Oct 12, 2018
Nicaragua, yes. Paraguay, no.
+1
Level 72
Aug 20, 2018
Shouldn't South Yemen be in red?
+1
Level 68
Jun 2, 2020
No, because South Yemen was never part of the Warsaw Pact.
+2
Level 28
Oct 12, 2018
Khiva, which was never part of imperial Russia, had its own revolution and became the Khorezm People's Soviet Republic in 1920. It was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1924. Therefore I think it should be included as a communist country that existed 1920-1924.
+1
Level 77
Apr 14, 2021
Looks like Khwarazm was a Russian protectorate by 1920 and it was very strongly encouraged to have a communist revolution. It probably wouldn't meet the criteria for an independent country.
+2
Level 72
Nov 8, 2018
Wasn's Zanzibar communist?
+5
Level 44
Feb 10, 2019
I see an awful lot of countries that used the word 'Communist' as an excuse to crush their opposition but when it can time they weren't really communist...just totalitarian Govts that took from many and gave to a few. The so called 'communists' of countries like North Korea, China, Russia, Cuba all managed to live in palaces whilst other starves.

I don't think any country ever achieved true communism and am not sure it could ever be done as power will inevitably end up in the hands of a few who will inevitably exploit that.

+2
Level 76
Mar 19, 2024
Bingo. Glad to hear someone who actually knows talking, instead of the usual ill-informed opinions.
+1
Level 45
Apr 7, 2024
Communism still has a government of 30 leaders (like a parliament) and lower-level officials, but no one leader.
+2
Level 58
Feb 15, 2019
I think North Korea still communist
+1
Level 87
May 28, 2019
Where is Nicaragua? It's a de facto single party Marxist state. Same for Venezuela.
+1
Level 65
Jul 6, 2019
Grenada was communist for 4 years?! XD
+1
Level 37
Aug 6, 2019
^ It was not. It was Socialist. What led to Maurice Bishop's assassination in 1983 was that his deputy, Bernard Coard, wanted to embrace hard-core communism, ala Cuba, and Bishop did not.
+1
Level 70
Oct 11, 2019
It was a single-party Marxist state, which is the definition this quiz is using for Communism.
+3
Level 24
Aug 26, 2019
not joking,... i forgot NORTH KOREA
+3
Level 71
Oct 11, 2019
Why did almost all of them abandon communism between 1989 and 1992?
+3
Level 82
Oct 11, 2019
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, which was presaged by the many Soviet-friendly regimes in Eastern Europe and around the world falling out of favor and losing power starting in the late 80s.
+1
Level 71
Oct 13, 2019
I think I know why they fell out of favour prior to their collapse, with them in Europe and Afghanistan but why did the others in Asia and Africa?
+3
Level 82
Oct 14, 2019
Many of those regimes were supported by the USSR. When the USSR began to fail, that support got cut off, and eventually the motivation for them to identify as Communist went away, even when they stayed in place enforcing roughly the same policies. In other cases, the Communist regimes in these places were murderous and oppressive and after a few years or few decades of this locals rose up against them.
+1
Level 71
Oct 15, 2019
Out of curiosity, which nations had murderous and oppressive communist governments which fell because of locals rising up against them?
+2
Level 82
Oct 15, 2019
To various degrees... Ethiopia, Romania, Poland, etc. Ethiopia maybe being the most clear example as the Derg were eventually ousted by the Ethiopian Civil War. Some of these regimes were not quite as bad and some of the uprisings against them took the form of social protest or peaceful political movements in opposition.
+4
Level 59
Oct 12, 2019
Ethiopia was ruled by the Communist Derg from 1974-87 as well, it should be for 74-91
+11
Level 50
Jan 7, 2020
Burkina Faso under sankara?
+9
Level 57
Feb 11, 2020
Burkina Faso?
+5
Level 51
May 6, 2020
Togo, Gabon, Guinea, Ghana, Myanmar, Eritrea, and Tanzania were Communist too.
+2
Level 64
May 19, 2020
Wasn't Tannu Tuva as well?
+3
Level 54
Jun 19, 2020
Cyprus had a communist president from 2008-2013, although they weren't a one-party state
+3
Level 60
Nov 16, 2020
Nepal?
+1
Level 35
Nov 28, 2020
wheres cuba, cuba is a communist country
+4
Level 82
Oct 7, 2021
90 miles south of Miami?
+3
Level 40
Mar 16, 2021
you ought to incude sankara's burkina faso... or just delete the quiz because the title is oxymoronic ;)
+1
Level 52
Mar 23, 2021
Haiti?
+1
Level 57
Apr 17, 2021
Madagascar?
+1
Level 39
Apr 23, 2021
communist 'countries' lmao
+2
Level 33
May 11, 2021
This is OUR quiz.
+3
Level 67
Aug 27, 2021
Quizzers of the world unite.
+11
Level 83
Aug 27, 2021
Urm, not sure you can say Mongolia is still communist. The Mongolian People's Party pivoted to social democracy after the 1990 revolution.
+4
Level 83
Aug 27, 2021
It's certainly not a single-party state now. They've lost multiple elections in the last 30 years.
+2
Level 71
Aug 27, 2021
Is there a reason Cambodia wasn't a communist country from 1975 to 1979 under Pol Pot? The Wikipedia description says "Kampuchea... was the Cambodian state under a one-party Marxist-Leninist totalitarian dictatorship that existed between 1975 and 1979." That sounds like it fits the quiz description to me.
+1
Level 63
Aug 27, 2021
As a Cambodian, Pol Pot was our Joseph Stalin.
+14
Level 35
Aug 27, 2021
People's Republic of Mongolia ended in 1992 tho
+2
Level 65
Aug 27, 2021
Was just about to say that! Probably a typo
+1
Level 64
Aug 29, 2021
What about Greece? It had a civil war after WWII which puts it in a similar position as Yemen.
+1
Level 72
Feb 12, 2024
South Yemen was an actual independent state, it united with North Yemen in 1990.
+11
Level 65
Aug 29, 2021
Mongolia stopped being communist in 1990
+1
Level 65
Dec 6, 2021
kicking myself for not remembering South Yemen.
+1
Level 28
Dec 12, 2021
you forgot south america
+1
Level 76
Mar 19, 2024
South America is not a country. Also, no communist countries there. If you're thinking Venezuela, it's not and never has been communist.
+1
Level 47
Dec 15, 2021
Wasńt Hungary communist for a good year after the first world war
+8
Level 65
Dec 24, 2021
Mongolia isn't communist since 1992.
+1
Level 61
Dec 29, 2021
bruh,dprk is still communist
+2
Level 33
Mar 27, 2022
No, it's not. The North Koreans removed references to communism in their constitution in 2009.
+4
Level 61
Dec 29, 2021
Mongolia is a Democracy NOT Communist,it was only communist in the 20's 30's and 40's as well as under Soviet rule.
+7
Level 77
Dec 30, 2021
What's your source for Mongolia being communist?
+1
Level 53
Jan 27, 2022
north korea aint communist, it seems like it, but they are technically an unfair democracy. They have votes, but kim just always wins, and some are rigged. Also in that country sharing and equality is extinct there.
+2
Level 47
Feb 3, 2022
Missing Burkina Faso
+2
Level 32
Apr 12, 2022
Mongolia is currently communist?
+4
Level 67
Jul 15, 2022
no. none of these countries are/were actually communist, hell even in the title it clarifies that these are "single-party marxist states". Mongolia is not a one-party state so I don't know why it's not listed as ending in 1990.
+1
Level 55
May 6, 2022
Ha, this is a trick question. None of these countries have ever been communist. In strict sense, there has never been a communist state, ever and likely never will be.
+1
Level 55
May 9, 2022
I cant seriously have remembered countries like Grenada and Benin and forgotten Afghanistan and Yugoslavia.
+1
Level 29
Jun 9, 2022
Mongolia is still Communist?
+3
Level 67
Jul 15, 2022
It has multiple parties, which breaks the criteria so idk why it's listed as not having ended in 1990.
+1
Level 25
Jun 26, 2022
I forgot Angola bruh and that’s not the worst I forgot the Ussr ;-;
+2
Level 18
Aug 20, 2022
Why isnt there san marino

San marino was a communist country

+1
Level 38
Nov 28, 2023
I know right? Like the Sammarinese Communist Party were in power from 1945 to March of 1957.
+4
Level 55
Nov 1, 2022
Mongolia ceased to be communist country in 1990. Might want to fix that on the quiz. Ethiopia was also ruled by a communist military regime (the Derg) from 1974 until 1987, so the correct dates for Ethiopia would technically be 1974-1991.
+2
Level 67
Nov 13, 2022
So Mongolia is still communist and North Korea isn’t? Really?
+1
Level 16
Nov 15, 2022
You forgot san marino
+1
Level 46
Nov 21, 2022
A little surprised North Korea isn't a communist country anymore.
+1
Level 67
May 19, 2023
All they did was remove refernces to it from their constitution. In the end, nothing has really changed.
+1
Level 70
Nov 29, 2022
San Marino had a democratically-elected communist government from 1945 to 1957 until they were voted out
+1
Level 67
May 19, 2023
The countries here have to be single party. San Marino (and Nepal for that matter) are/were democratic, so wouldn't be on this list.
+3
Level 33
Dec 6, 2022
Mongolia is no longer socialist
+4
Level 26
Dec 7, 2022
mongolia hasent been communist for like 30 years
+2
Level 29
Dec 9, 2022
You should add Kampuchea and Tuva.
+1
Level 34
Jan 10, 2023
I named Benin but forgot Soviet Union until the end of the quiz
+1
Level 29
Jan 20, 2023
San Marino was once communist actually in 1978 and from 1945-1957
+1
Level 67
May 19, 2023
It wasn't (and still isn't) a single-party state. Same with Nepal. both are democratic and wouldn't fit the criteria for this list.
+1
Level 67
May 19, 2023
I think Seychelles should count because of the 79 constitution which declared it a single party socialist state under Rene. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seychelles
+3
Level 27
Aug 22, 2023
Mongolia isn’t communist anymore, hasn’t been since 1990.
+1
Level 56
Sep 9, 2023
Guyana was Communist from 1980 to 1992 under Forbes Burnham.
+1
Level 65
Sep 9, 2023
Tannu Tuva?
+1
Level 52
Sep 9, 2023
I'm guessing it isn't included because it was only partially recognised.
+1
Level 52
Sep 9, 2023
The comments are starting to sound like a broken record but, they're right. Mongolia is no longer a single-party Marxist state.
+1
Level 29
Sep 10, 2023
Would Burkina Faso count now?
+1
Level 53
Sep 10, 2023
Why is Mongolia marked as being still communist?
+1
Level ∞
Sep 10, 2023
Fixed
+1
Level 32
Feb 3, 2024
Isn't Eritrea communist?
+1
Level 57
Feb 9, 2024
Apologies to be That Person, but aren't these countries technically all socialist? I mean, ik the description says single party Marxist state- which these were, but communism hasn't actually been achieved. The manifesto suggested a utopia and a virtually perfect society with selfless people and while that isn't a bad idea, nobody has gotten it right. It probably won't be achieved bc humanity is mostly selfish, but I just think that a bunch of these countries could be described as socialist rather than communist
+1
Level 45
Feb 26, 2024
How does North Korea define itself since 2009, then? As a purely Jucheist state?
+1
Level 23
Mar 3, 2024
Missed out on the hardest four: Benin, Grenada, South Yemen and Somalia (l find it strange that the notoriously famished Horn of Africa has had a strong affinity for communism, especially as the doctrine had been historically largely averted by Arab countries). I also expected to find Myanmar and other Southern African and Latin American states on the list (apparently not).