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Countries with the Most Summer Olympics Medals

Name the countries on top of the all-time medal table for the Summer Olympics.
Through the 2020 games
Some of these countries no longer exist
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: August 8, 2021
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First submittedFebruary 27, 2018
Times taken46,463
Average score80.0%
Rating4.69
4:00
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🏅
Country
2,636
United States
1,122
Soviet Union / Unified Team
974
Germany / West Germany
916
Great Britain
764
France
634
China
618
Italy
🏅
Country
547
Australia
503
Sweden
497
Japan
497
Russia
491
Hungary
409
East Germany
326
Canada
🏅
Country
321
Netherlands
308
Romania
305
Finland
298
Poland
287
South Korea
241
Cuba
+9
Level 84
Feb 27, 2018
Took me a long time to come up with Cuba but the time limit is quite generous.
+1
Level 46
May 31, 2018
i didnt even think of australia....WOW
+2
Level 81
Jul 13, 2018
Same thing here. Answered Cuba with 1:17 left but also spammed a ton of European and Asian countries before that.
+2
Level 57
Feb 27, 2018
Great Quiz, absolutely!

Pls see also this one with additional list of olympic medals of countries per capita:

"Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map"

+1
Level 65
Feb 27, 2018
I was just going to suggest Quizmaster to do a test with most medals per capita"
+3
Level 67
Feb 27, 2018
Greece is missing ... lol
+18
Level 80
Mar 21, 2018
In my head I always thought of Greece as one of the major important European nations. After spending several years on this site, I realize they are rarely ever an answer on any superlative world or European quizzes.
+10
Level 77
May 31, 2018
Greece has a population of 10 million. That's half the Netherlands, one sixth of Italy, and one eighth of Germany. It's very difficult that they can enter any non-historical ranking.
+1
Level 20
Dec 27, 2020
That's true, partly why I was quite surprised to see Finland and Sweden on this list
+7
Level 74
May 31, 2018
They may be missing, but without Greece --- there would never have been any Olympic Games, in the first place! :P
+4
Level 59
Aug 10, 2021
However, all the Olympic medals since 1896 feature the Greek goddess Nike, the Parthenon and the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens on the back side. So, technically, we are there…Represented even on the medals that haven’t been awarded to us lol :P
+1
Level 65
Feb 27, 2018
Romania was a big surprise
+7
Level 70
Feb 28, 2018
They were part of that whole Soviet-era sports machine that included East Germany, IIRC.
+1
Level 66
Jun 4, 2018
and they are very strong in gymnastics
+7
Level 74
Mar 12, 2018
Per capita is all that really matters... /kiwi
+1
Level 61
Aug 19, 2019
I support you,

NEW ZEALAND!!!!

+5
Level 83
Mar 12, 2018
With apologies to the Finns, they are a fine people, but all too often on these quizzes I forget they exist.
+6
Level 82
May 31, 2018
Per capita, Finland's, Sweden's and Hungary's numbers are insane.
+5
Level 84
May 31, 2018
A good argument for why measuring Olympic medals per capita doesn't make a lot of sense, but yes, they've done well. Norway's winter medal count is even more extreme.
+4
Level 57
May 31, 2018
It could also be a good argument to actually see why it does make a lot sense!:)) Finns and Swedes have fiercely fought in track and field events almost for a hundred years, especially every year in "Finnkampen" or "Maaottelu". Sports in all forms is an important part of the competitive spirit of these peoples. In Norway, too, which is best in winter.
+4
Level 84
May 31, 2018
But did having a small population prevent them from winning medals? Or are you saying that Swedish athletes are 1,000 times more talented and hard working than Chinese athletes? (as per capita figures would suggest)
+2
Level 57
Jun 1, 2018
There must a myriad of reasons why small countries concentrate and excel in their "own" sports (e.g. Netherlands in skating or Austria in slalom). - Conditions offered by nature, sports traditions, and motivation to win must be among the reasons. USA (like China for sure in the future) is great in hundreds of various sports, but small nations may be good in just one or two. And where they are good, there they bring olympic medals back home..
+3
Level 84
Jun 3, 2018
yes. sure. And that obviously goes a long way for the Norwegians. Athletic tradition, competitive spirit, natural talent, genetics, the natural environment available to practice in, economic development (giving more resources to commit toward athletic development), and internal politics all play a big role in the equation of how many medals a country earns. But population? When you start trying to figure that way you get some really crazy results that don't make sense. I think it's only really a factor with micro nations like Liechtenstein where there simply aren't enough people to draw upon to field an Olympic team. Otherwise it's an insignificant factor. (and, at the same time, if Vatican City were to win one gold medal in synchronized swimming that doesn't immediately mean that they have a stronger sporting tradition than China or the US or Germany. Measuring per capita it would seem that way. But it should just be regarded as a fluke.)
+1
Level 57
Jun 5, 2018
What you say is true. Good arguments. You may have seen my quiz: "Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map". Grenada is the 8th best country in per capita ranking. The relative rankings really do not give justice to the biggest countries, but it is also fair to try somehow see how small nations do. My quiz includes both ways of ranking.
+2
Level 71
Aug 10, 2021
Ok, now I really want to see Pope Francis put on a swimsuit and swim along to "Ave Maria."
+1
Level 67
Aug 11, 2021
I can say with a high degree of certainty that population is at least as important as genetics and "natural talent" in determining which countries are most likely to win Olympic medals. If you don't like doing it per capita you can always try dividing by the square root of the number of people in the country, or using some other function. But saying population isn't a factor borders on laughable.
+1
Level 84
Feb 7, 2022
I can say with a higher degree of certainty that it's absolutely not and, more important than my level of certainty, the data backs up my opinion and places it beyond dispute. Saying that population is a factor borders on laughable. Just look at the data. It's not ambiguous. It's not a factor.
+1
Level 84
Feb 7, 2022
Nevermind you're right. Population is a much more important factor than genetics. That's why there are so many more champion marathon runners from Indonesia than from Kenya. Okay. Case closed.
+2
Level 18
Jun 15, 2021
What about Australia's? 497 for a country that for most of the 20th century had well under 20 million and even less than 10 million people in the earlier part.
+1
Level 62
Aug 12, 2021
Apparently there was an Aussie in one if the cities which was hosting the early games, and he decided to represent Australia. He went home with 2 gold's and a bronze.
+2
Level 84
May 31, 2018
Cuba was the only one I couldn't get. Looked it up--they've won a ton of medals in boxing, wrestling, and judo. Note to self: never pick a fight with someone in Cuba.
+1
Level 74
May 31, 2018
Or anyone with cauliflower ear/s, in general.
+1
Level 62
Jun 1, 2018
got russia with 1 second left!
+4
Level 58
Jun 2, 2018
To the people complaining that it's not a "per capita" quiz: MAKE THAT QUIZ YOURSELF!
+2
Level 57
Jun 5, 2018
Check out my quiz: "Top 15 Gold Medal Countries in Summer Olympics & World Map". This quiz includes both ways of ranking. Five countries make both top-15 lists.
+2
Level 51
Jun 2, 2018
East Germany should be included with Germany. Russia should be included in Soviet Union.
+3
Level 84
Jun 17, 2018
East Germany: definitely not. Russia: probably not, but you could make a much better case for that than the East Germany thing.
+7
Level 84
Jun 28, 2019
Because East Germany and West Germany were two different countries that fielded separate teams that competed in the same Olympics. No other country gets to go to the Olympics with two different teams. And the USSR, while colloquially seen as synonymous with Russia, was really a collection of many different states so awarding their medals to Russia would be unfair to Ukraine, Belarus, etc.
+3
Level 63
Jul 27, 2018
Best achievement per million people: Finland, Sweden, Hungary, East Germany, Cuba, Australia.
+1
Level 59
Oct 2, 2018
How is Russia separate from USSR? It feels inconsistent if you're going to combine West Germany and Germany. It was the only answer I didn't come up with, as I kept trying to think of places I hadn't guessed. Tried Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia even.
+2
Level 84
Oct 5, 2018
West Germany is the Anglophone name for the Bundesrepubik Deutschland (BRD). That country is now the country we call "Germany." It has the same constitution as it's had since 1949. When "East Germany" (the DDR) collapsed, its states were added to the BRD in the same way that the US has added new states in the past. When the Soviet Union collapsed, all 15 of its constituent republics, including Russia, wrote new constitutions and became new countries.
+5
Level 61
May 3, 2019
Yes, the reunification is more like one country dissolving and states being added to another country
+1
Level 87
Aug 12, 2021
Yet all the countries had been added to the Russian Empire in the first place. The USSR was nothing more than a continuation of the Russian Empire with a new boss in the chair.
+1
Level 37
Feb 13, 2021
I never thought of East Germany.
+1
Level 38
Jun 15, 2021
Not in love with separating USSR and Russia, but I understand the Germany/West Germany one. Cuba, Finland, Australia...punching way above their weight in terms of population.
+2
Level 56
Aug 10, 2021
It's insane how good the Eastern European communist countries were at sports; Hungary, Romania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Eastern Germany etc.
+2
Level 66
Aug 10, 2021
Our Olympics team (over here at least) is referred to as "Team GB", could GB be accepted?
+1
Level 70
Aug 10, 2021
Forgot Canada...I live in Canada and was just rooting less than a week ago.
+1
Level 33
Aug 10, 2021
Please accept ROC for Russia
+1
Level 45
Mar 8, 2022
ROC is accepted for Taiwan. "Republic of China"
+1
Level 61
Aug 12, 2021
hey my browser doesnt support the emoji
+1
Level 73
Apr 11, 2022
Sucks for you 😭😭😭
+1
Level 87
Aug 12, 2021
India with only 35 medals total from 1900 to 2021. They weren't a sovereign country again until the 1948 games but they still went and tried.
+1
Level 68
Dec 20, 2021
I don't think East Germany should be separate. Having Germany and West Germany come up as one sort of gets on to think that ALL incarnations of Germany will come up as that one. Kind of a dishonest trick.
+1
Level 71
Jan 26, 2022
The German sport organisations exist continuous until now and were the same before, during and after the cold war. The East German sport organisations were all founded in the late 40s or early 50s and all disappeared in 90-91 . That is why West Germany and Germany are always together in the IOC statistics, but East Germany isn't.
+1
Level 71
Feb 8, 2022
For the Olympics, countries are defined by the National Olympic Comitee, not by our usual definition.

That's why United Kingdom is known as Great Britain for exemple. That also leads to the fact that Germany = West Germany, Russia ≠ USSR, USSR = Unified Team, Czechia ≠ Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and East Germany are stand alone.

This also brings some odd things, like Porto Rico or Guam not competing with USA, Cayman Islands or Bermuda not competing with Great Britain.

+1
Level 61
Feb 10, 2022
Accept ROC for Russia?
+1
Level 45
May 3, 2022
Forgot China *facepalm*