Diseases and Medical Conditions A-Z

Name the disease, illness, or medical condition that starts with each letter A-Z.
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: January 28, 2022
First submittedAugust 30, 2019
Times taken27,630
Average score65.4%
Rating4.56
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Hint
Description
Answer
A
Decreased capacity of the blood to carry oxygen often caused
by iron deficiency
Anemia
B
One of the three types of plague
Bubonic Plague
C
Tingling in the wrist often caused by repetitive mouse and keyboard actions
Carpal Tunnel
Syndrome
D
Mosquito-borne tropical fever
Dengue Fever
E
Contagious disease that killed about 10,000 in Africa in 2013–2015
Ebola
F
Loosely-defined chronic pain syndrome
Fibromyalgia
G
Disease of kings that often affects the big toe
Gout
H
Inflammation of the liver that can be caused by viruses or alcoholism
Hepatitis
I
An outbreak of this in 1918 killed about 3% of the world population
Influenza
J
Yellowing of the skin
Jaundice
K
Illness where blood vessels become inflamed; named for a Japanese doctor
Kawasaki Disease
L
Also known as tetanus, it causes extreme muscle spasms
Lockjaw
M
Common name for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
Mad Cow
N
Inability to control sleep-wake cycles
Narcolepsy
O
Symptoms of this disorder could include repeatedly washing one's hands
or checking if the door is locked
Obsessive Compulsive
Disorder
P
This disease is nearly eradicated, now endemic in only
Pakistan and Afghanistan
Polio
Q
A paralysis of all four limbs
Quadriplegia
R
Commonly caused by bat or dog bites
Rabies
S
Reactivation of the chicken pox virus later in life
Shingles
T
Infectious bacterial disease formerly known as consumption
Tuberculosis
U
Break in the lining of the stomach: Peptic _____
Ulcer
V
Can make it seem like things are spinning when they are not
Vertigo
W
Mosquito-borne virus named for a river
West Nile
X
Genetic condition of having an extra male chromosome
XYY Syndrome
Y
Another mosquito-borne tropical fever
Yellow Fever
Z
Mosquito-borne tropical illness that can cause children to be
born with small heads
Zika
+2
Level 71
Aug 30, 2019
Thanks for not using ketosis for K :-)
+5
Level 81
Aug 31, 2019
The polio thing is brilliant, I hope it's completely wiped out soon.
+3
Level 83
Aug 31, 2019
For N, I thought it was Non-24 Sleep/Wake Disorder at first, which I have, but rarely see mentioned anywhere so I was surprised. Narcolepsy I thought was the tendency to fall asleep suddenly and without warning. My aunt was narcoleptic for a while and would fall asleep on the toilet or sometimes in the middle of a sentence.
+3
Level 77
Nov 21, 2019
That one also took me a few extra seconds, but I looked it up and that's the definition given by the NIH. We discovered my late brother had it when he fell asleep while driving. Not a good time to discover it but thankfully his wife was in the car with him and was able to get control of the car enough to get it off the highway before they crashed.
+3
Level 74
Dec 1, 2020
^Hey k, Are you sure your aunt didn't fall asleep in one of YOUR sentences, like many of us poor readers do...? ;)
+1
Level 83
Mar 30, 2022
Yes, I'm sure. But it's encouraging seeing you accept responsibility for this problem.
+1
Level 46
Sep 1, 2019
Great quiz - I struggled with the X one as well, thinking Fragile X was the main identified 'syndrome' that would relate
+5
Level 74
Sep 3, 2019
4 mosquito borne diseases named here and it didn't even include the most common one, Malaria. They truly are the arch nemesis of humans.
+2
Level 71
Sep 10, 2019
Yeah, Noah should have just left them out of his Arc.
+1
Level 66
Mar 30, 2022
ark
+2
Level 67
Nov 9, 2019
Just tried a Japanese name for "K". GOAL! This is even better than getting credit for the "UK" when I start to type "Ukraine".
+1
Level 67
Mar 31, 2022
Same!
+1
Level 63
Nov 9, 2019
Great quiz. More please!
+1
Level 65
Nov 9, 2019
Couldn't quite come up with Kawasaki. Knew it ended in 'saki'. Kept trying variants of Kirisaki :-/
+1
Level 77
Nov 21, 2019
I had the same problem except I first thought of kamikaze and then I couldn't get it out of my head.
+1
Level 67
Jan 27, 2020
Accept "Jacob's Syndrome" for XYY?
+1
Level 66
Mar 30, 2022
Then it wouldn't apply to the "X" answer.
+1
Level 17
Apr 13, 2020
I got 22/26 :) Would have gotten Dengue fever but I couldn't figure out how to spell it so I gave up!
+2
Level 33
Apr 15, 2020
Only cattle can get mad cow disease the human version of it you can get from eating the nervous tissue of infected cattle, it is called Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
+1
Level 48
Nov 30, 2020
Great quiz! On a sort of related note, I've created one that matches diseases to the pathogens that cause them. You can find it here!
+1
Level 53
Aug 20, 2021
I've never in my life heard the word 'lockjaw' used for tetanus. I guess we learn something new every day!
+1
Level 61
Dec 15, 2021
Never knew there was more that 1 kind of plague. The Manchurian plague was an interesting read. Thanks
+2
Level 69
Jan 12, 2022
Can black death be accepted for the plague question?
+1
Level 87
Mar 30, 2022
Carpal tunnel was something that would occasionally be brought up in band class when I was in high school, so that's how I remembered that one.
+1
Level 47
Mar 30, 2022
XYY syndrome, unlike Klinefelters XXY or Turner syndrome XO, is basically asymptomatic and unscreened. No one learns about it in medical school and is probably quickly skimmed over even in genetic counseling school. I would switch off this answer for something more common. I suggest Xerostomia = dry mouth. A technical term for a pretty common symptom that is seen in several rheumatologic diseases.
+1
Level 60
Jun 10, 2022
Kawasaki Disease: my son got when he was one. Good to see that there's more info about it. It's clue to have an early diagnosis.
+1
Level 34
Jul 29, 2022
Is Kawasaki not a lymph node disease? Another disease named for a Japanese doctor that is one type of vasculitis (blood vessel inflammation) is Takayasu's artiritis.
+1
Level 61
Jul 30, 2022
Only reason I got kawasaki disease was because of that one greys anatomy episode lol