Former Countries by Capital

Name these former countries and empires based on their capital city.
Not necessarily the only capital
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: December 10, 2019
First submittedMarch 3, 2013
Times taken75,098
Average score66.7%
Rating4.40
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Ended
Capital
Country
1992
Belgrade
Yugoslavia
1992
Prague
Czechoslovakia
1991
Moscow
Soviet Union
1990
East Berlin
East Germany
1975
Saigon
South Vietnam
1951
Lhasa
Tibet
1934
St. John's
Newfoundland
1923
Istanbul
Ottoman Empire
1902
Bloemfontein
Orange Free State
Ended
Capital
Country
1898
Honolulu
Hawaii
1871
Berlin
Prussia
1865
Richmond
Confederate States of America
1857
Agra
Mughal Empire
1846
Austin
Texas
1707
Edinburgh
Scotland
1533
Cuzco
Incan Empire
1521
Tenochtitlan
Aztec Empire
1453
Constantinople
Byzantine Empire
+7
Level 56
Mar 25, 2013
Wasn't the capitol of Prussia moved to Berlin after the creation of the Prussian kingdom in 1701? I know Konigsberg was at one time the capitol, but this made it seem like it was the capital at the time of its ending. Anyways, I got it right away so I guess it's not that confusing.
+2
Level 32
Mar 25, 2013
I think that was in 1871. And besides, you gave the explanation yourself: Prussia and the German Empire under Emperor William I. and later William II. aren't the same.
+4
Level 46
Jul 8, 2014
That might be in some way right but Berlin was the capital of the kingdom of Prussia in the whole 19th century. Königsberg might have been the capital of a country sub division called "East Prussia" but that hardly counts. 1871 isn't the end of the kingdom of Prussia, either. It existed until 1918 when the monarchy was abolished and was replaced with the Free State of Prussia which is basically the same thing without a king. Of course the capital of the Free State was also Berlin.
+8
Level ∞
Apr 25, 2015
Yes, you are correct. I changed the clue from Königsberg to Berlin. German history prior to unification is so complicated.
+7
Level 32
Mar 25, 2013
Can you please also accept "Byzantium" for "Byzantine Empire"?
+16
Level 28
Dec 11, 2013
Also the Eastern Roman Empire should probably count - it is also referred to as such sometimes.
+1
Level 81
Jun 23, 2014
+1
+4
Level ∞
Apr 25, 2015
Added a couple acceptable answers for that one.
+5
Level 83
Jun 23, 2015
Byzantium was the name of the city.
+1
Level 48
Feb 7, 2016
That's what I thought
+1
Level 40
Mar 25, 2013
Darn... who knew I'd ace this one? Fun quiz... got me thinking. You could do a whole other one with the same theme.
+1
Level 83
Dec 7, 2018
Did it. Linked below.
+5
Level 28
Dec 11, 2013
For Orange Free State also "Oranje Vrijstaat" and Oranje-Vrystaat" should be accepted as answers.
+1
Level 39
Dec 27, 2013
No-one in South Africa calls it "Orange Free State", I think you should allow just "Free State" as this is what it is most commonly called.
+2
Level ∞
Apr 25, 2015
Free State and Oranje will work now.
+7
Level 57
Jun 3, 2016
I'm actually from Bloemfontein and a lot of people still call it the Oranje Vrystaat. Was quite impressed to see this on the quiz, didn't expect to see this here.
+3
Level 67
Oct 13, 2020
As a South African I would respectfully disagree. The present province is called the Free State. Prior to 1994 the province was called the Orange Free State and when it was an independent country the anglicised name was "Orange Free State".
+3
Level 86
Feb 26, 2014
As far as I am aware, legally Prussia as a sovereign nation existed until 1918. The King of Prussia was also the German Emperor but the Empire was not constituted like the UK or the USA today. Each country remained sovereign while being part of the Empire; I suppose it would be akin to the way the European Union is constituted.
+1
Level 45
May 30, 2014
Allow Russia for Soviet Union please.
+23
Level 76
Jun 11, 2014
Russia was a part of the Soviet Union; they're not the same.
+10
Level 42
Jan 12, 2015
Exactly,! And, quite frankly, Russia is not a former country (:
+1
Level 31
Aug 2, 2015
Yeah thats right
+1
Level 31
Aug 2, 2015
There were many other countries in the USSR too
+1
Level 60
Oct 23, 2020
Russia was only one of the soviet republics within the USSR.
+8
Level 44
Jul 29, 2015
That would be like accepting Arizona for United States.
+5
Level 56
Aug 6, 2015
I refuse to accept Arizona.
+3
Level 57
Nov 9, 2020
Or accepting Virginia for the Confederate States
+4
Level 57
Aug 23, 2021
I'll be deep in the cold cold ground before I recognise Missouri.
+1
Level 36
Aug 28, 2014
Could boer or Dutch South Africa be accepted for the Orange Free State?
+1
Level 75
May 19, 2015
I tried Dutch South Africa. Not sure if it was a thing or not, but I knew Bloemfontein is a capital of South Africa...thought it was worth a shot.
+1
Level 77
Dec 12, 2014
Enjoyed this quiz. Are there enough to make another one?
+3
Level 83
Jun 23, 2015
+1
Level 83
Jun 25, 2015
Though, out of 25 answers on my quiz, only 8 are currently more-guessed that Newfoundland or the Orange Free State. And Only 3 guessed more than the Confederacy. So I guess most of the really easy ones were taken already.
+2
Level 68
Dec 25, 2014
Newfoundland never was an independant country. It was a british colony before joining Canada as a province in 1949
+1
Level 69
Nov 19, 2021
It most certainly was.
+2
Level 45
Mar 25, 2015
Right. It was a colony before becoming Canada's tenth province.

"A former colony and dominion of the United Kingdom, Newfoundland and Labrador became the tenth province to enter the Canadian Confederation on March 31, 1949, as Newfoundland." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newfoundland_and_Labrador

+4
Level 82
Apr 18, 2015
Newfoundland was a self governing dominion in the same manner as Australia, New Zealand and Canada and thus independent in the same way as the above countries. During the depression, it lost its self government due to insolvency and was ruled directly by the UK and in the post war era it joined Canada.
+1
Level ∞
Apr 25, 2015
Exactly!
+2
Level 75
Jun 9, 2019
... although it remained a dominion until 1949, when it merged with Canada.
+1
Level 69
Nov 19, 2021
... although Canada was also technically a dominion at this time, too.
+2
Level 48
May 7, 2015
Hi everyone,

I'm french and i'm great fan to this game!

+2
Level 53
Jul 29, 2015
Can you accept Southern Vietnam and Eastern Germany please? I was so confused as to why I wasn't getting them right.
+2
Level 71
Jul 29, 2015
Neither "Eastern Germany" nor "Southern Vietnam" is correct. Those seemingly small details are significant: "Northern Ireland" means something different than "North Ireland," for example. Likewise "South America" and "Southern America," although Bo Diddley used to have fun with that distinction--listen to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oh8tn4JmU4g at around 1:35.
+1
Level 67
Feb 3, 2019
You can give "examples" but it is basically the same thing every time. It doesnt make it clearer or explain anything.
+3
Level 74
Jun 9, 2019
In short: "eastern" or "southern" refer to topographic attributes ("being in the east of Germany"), while East Germany and South Vietnam a historic names of specific countries.
+4
Level 55
Jul 29, 2015
Roman, Eastern Roman, or Byzantine empire should all count, specifically Roman, considering all residents of the empire considered themselves just Romans.
+1
Level 31
Aug 2, 2015
Didn't get them all. Put Richmond as Virginia, St John's as Antigua and Barbuda (which I know is independent) and bloemfontein as the boer republic, which was pretty close
+1
Level 70
Jul 25, 2016
Good quiz
+1
Level 52
Nov 9, 2016
Never knew about Newfoundland... Good to learn!
+1
Level 44
Jan 21, 2017
Please accept Confederate.
+1
Level 44
Jan 21, 2017
I did not expect Tibet!!!!
+1
Level 76
Sep 6, 2018
Nobody did. It wasn't even recognized. A bit like Transnistria these days, but with even less recognition. But hey, politics.
+1
Level 70
Jun 14, 2020
Unlikely that Incan and Aztec empires had international recognition in its contemporary sense either. Surely that cannot be a criterium in a history quiz.
+5
Level 74
Sep 29, 2018
I didn't expect the Spanish Inquisition!
+2
Level 82
Jan 25, 2017
While Newfoundland did give up self rule in 1934, it didn't officially stop being the Dominion of Newfoundland until 1949. It 'de facto' ended in 1934, but 'de jure' ended in 1949.
+1
Level 46
Dec 7, 2018
Hey!

Great quiz but can you change so that DDR can be accepted as an answer to Berlin

+1
Level ∞
Jun 8, 2019
Okay
+1
Level 67
Dec 7, 2018
ok I so sucked at this one, I typed so many different countries...

Even though I did start with soviet union, after that I only typed excisitng countries and didnt think about old countries anymore.

Like, I typed czechia and slovakia...

And turkey, peru, mexico, ddr,westgermany, vietnam, north and south korea, south africa etc...

+1
Level 68
Jun 8, 2019
Why add only Scotland as a former country? England also lost its sovereignity in 1707 and this fact would definitively confuse some quizzers. ;-)
+1
Level 67
Jun 9, 2019
Yugoslavia ceased to exist in 2003.
+1
Level 80
Jul 5, 2019
That was a different country.
+2
Level 77
Jun 10, 2019
Scotland is still a country, albeit one that is also part of a larger nation (which is the one that is considered a sovereign state). I wouldn't remove it, but I'd put a caveat in.
+2
Level 60
Jul 22, 2020
Why? Everyone on this site exept nitpickers knows that "country" means the same as "sovereing state" but is easier and faster to write.
+2
Level 77
Nov 17, 2021
Because the nitpickers are right, and this site, quite reasonably given its nature, chooses to pander to nitpickers and pedants in most areas. But not this one.
+3
Level 87
Jun 14, 2019
As a busy industry mogul I wasted too much of my valuable time tinkering with arbitrary spelling restrictions on what you see only as the "Mughal" Empire.
+1
Level 48
Jul 31, 2020
I agree, I came to say that Mogul should be accepted because... That's where the word comes from.
+1
Level 50
Feb 10, 2021
Agreed. I tried Mogul. More than once. Possibly hitting the keypad harder each time... It is a correct spelling.
+1
Level 62
Jul 1, 2019
Found St John's difficult as I couldn't get past the current capital of Antigua.
+1
Level 81
Jul 1, 2019
There are different acceptable spellings for 'Mughal'.
+1
Level 44
Jul 1, 2019
So I live in St. John's NL and I tried EVERY different permutation of Antigua & Barbuda I could think of before giving up and never getting the answer.

Shenanigans.

+1
Level 83
Jul 1, 2019
Why did the points reset? I don't notice any changes from the last version.
+1
Level 83
Jul 1, 2019
oh.. you must have added Agra/Mughal Empire for one thing. I had put that on my unofficial sequel before that's why it looked familiar. Was there something you took off?
+1
Level 56
Jul 1, 2019
Typed Boer Free State, didnt work :(
+3
Level 77
Jul 1, 2019
Please allow for more spellings of Mughal. I tried Moghul and that didn't work. Thanks.
+2
Level 56
Jul 1, 2019
Agree that you should have accepted different aspellings of Moghul/Mogul; Mughlai; etc. It is after all a change in transliteration

Hmm - Mughlai might be a type of curry? Oh well!

DW

+2
Level 63
Jul 1, 2019
+1
+1
Level 76
Dec 4, 2019
Seconded.
+2
Level 78
Jul 1, 2019
The Byzantine Empire was not politically separate from the Eastern Roman Empire, and therefore the Roman Empire, so

"Rome" or at least "Roman Empire" should work.

+1
Level 57
Jul 1, 2019
Can you please accept German Democratic Republic? I tried DDR, and then the English translation of the name before I tried East Germany.
+1
Level 67
Jul 1, 2019
DDR works.
+1
Level 51
Jul 1, 2019
Tibet has never being an independent country, Tibet has been part of China for hundreds of years, but has had and still has some level of autonomy. The "state" what is probably referred here was self proclaimed independence after Qing empire collapsed 1912 until Chinese regained the control after Tibetan theocratic leaders refused to abolish serfdom, in which most Tibetans lived in the most horrific conditions without any human rights. There was no single foreign country, who recognized this "independence", therefore it was never sovereign and thus not independent.
+1
Level 83
Jul 3, 2019
Sovereignty does not depend on international recognition.
+4
Level 69
Jul 11, 2019
How are their human rights doing now?
+1
Level 69
Nov 19, 2021
That's only what the Chinese government wants you to think, explorer.
+1
Level 18
Jul 2, 2019
You could do a part 2 of this as well, for example Kumasi was the Capital of the Ashanti Empire.
+1
Level 83
Jul 4, 2019
I made a part 2, linked above.
+1
Level 58
Oct 15, 2019
Scotland is still a country!
+2
Level ∞
Oct 15, 2019
Not an independent one as I'm sure you are aware.
+2
Level 67
Jan 4, 2020
I believe, neither the title (it just says “former countries”) and nor the caveat give any hint to that. In contrast to Tibet (for example), which is regarded as an autonomous region of the People’s Republic of China, Scotland is still considered a country (although not a sovereign state) which is a part of the United Kingdom of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. This is probably because the latter, unlike Tibet, never lost its independence on account of an annexation, but through a political union that created the Great Britain and subsequently the United Kingdom.
+1
Level 67
Jan 31, 2020
Agreed, it simply says former country, not former independent country.
+1
Level 54
Jan 31, 2020
Can you accept Mogul for Mughal?
+1
Level 76
Dec 28, 2020
Yes please!
+1
Level 70
Nov 9, 2020
It was called Yugoslavia even until the 2000s, though was just Serbia and Montenegro. The hint is still wrong, though.

Istanbul was officially called Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire.

And allow Rome/Roman Empire for Byzantine.

+1
Level 65
Nov 17, 2021
I don't know where that 1934 date for Newfoundland came from... The existed until 1949 when they became a canadian province. 1949 is the correct date.
+1
Level 69
Nov 19, 2021
You are wrong. I mean, Google it before putting up a correction. Anyway, the reason you are confused is that Newfoundland was independent, went bankrupt, and asked Great Britain for help. Britain took over Newfoundland's government and it became a British dependency. Once WWII ended, the debate raged for four years whether to join the USA, Canada, or to become independent again. Of course, they decided to join Canada in 1949.
+1
Level 26
Nov 17, 2021
the CSA was never a country
+1
Level 72
Nov 17, 2021
Can you accept Triple Alliance instead of Aztec? Most scholars today consider what we know as the Aztec empire, as the Triple Alliance since the area was the joined forces of the Texoco, Tlacopan, and Aztec people.
+1
Level 65
Nov 17, 2021
Maybe add some other countries like one of the Arab Caliphs or other more ancient countries
+2
Level 45
Nov 17, 2021
Hi! Well, by 1857 revolt Delhi had been for a while the capital of the Moghul state again. While the first Mughals did govern from Agra, Aurangzeb shifted all the court to Delhi by 1658, where it would continue amidst all the trouble and decandence of the dynasty until the exile of Bahadur Shah in 1857.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agra#Mughal_era

Regards!

+1
Level 55
Nov 20, 2021
+1. And if the Mughal empire is seen as just the latter years of the Delhi Sultanate, one can say that Agra was only a temporary capital for a few years in between
+1
Level 59
Nov 20, 2021
Got Mughal
+2
Level 55
Nov 23, 2021
The capital of the Ottoman Empire was Konstantiniye, not Istanbul.
+1
Level 72
Feb 12, 2022
Prussia stopped existing with the founding of the North German Confederation in 1867, not with that of the Empire in 71.