"Airplanes" is just too ambiguous. Ader's Éole took off 13 years prior to the Flyer. She had no proper control surfaces and couldn't fly more than a few dozens yards, but she qualifies as a powered fixed-wing aircraft. Then, as the Flyer and her descendants needed a catapult to take off, it can be argued that they don't strictly qualify as "powered flight". And then the first real airplane — self-powered and controlled on three axis — is the 14-bis by Santos-Dumont.
I'm not saying the airplane was invented in France, barely that no one can be affirmative about where and when it was invented. There are just too many small steps from "might be an airplane" to "is definitely an airplane".
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