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Important Cities in European History

Based on the description, name these cities that are an important part of European history.
One of these cities is not actually in Europe
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: February 24, 2020
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First submittedJanuary 23, 2014
Times taken89,796
Average score65.0%
Rating4.48
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Description
City
"The birthplace of democracy". Home to Socrates and Plato.
Athens
City that defeated the above in the Peloponnesian War
Sparta
Capital of a powerful republic that became an empire after Julius Caesar
Rome
City that was defeated by the above in the Punic Wars
Carthage
Italian city built on a lagoon. It dominated Mediterranean trade in the Middle Ages.
Venice
Great rival of the above. The birthplace of Christopher Columbus.
Genoa
City that the Nazis failed to capture in 1942–43, marking a turning point in WWII
Stalingrad
"The birthplace of the Renaissance". At times, it was ruled by the Medicis.
Florence
Capital of the Habsburg empire. A center of classical music.
Vienna
French city where popes and anti-popes resided during the Catholic schism
Avignon
Capital of the Byzantine empire
Constantinople
The world's most industrialized city in the first half of the 1800s
Manchester
Capital of the last Muslim emirate in Spain. It was "reconquered" in 1492.
Granada
Defenestrations in this city led to the Thirty Years War
Prague
City where English archbishop Thomas Becket was murdered by Henry II
Canterbury
Former Russian capital on the Neva River
St. Petersburg
Canal city in Flanders - one of the chief commercial centers in
Northern Europe from around 1150–1500
Bruges
Slavic city, site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Sarajevo
Village in Belgium near where Napoleon met his final defeat
Waterloo
Once the largest shipbuilding city in the world. Where the Titanic was built.
Belfast
81 Comments
+17
Level 55
Mar 3, 2014
Please accept alternative spellings for Bruges, such as Brugge.
+3
Level 62
Mar 3, 2014
Agree.
+3
Level 51
Mar 6, 2014
Agree
+2
Level 69
Jul 16, 2016
Agree
+5
Level ∞
Aug 1, 2016
Okay
+16
Level 82
Feb 23, 2019
Disaggree
+7
Level 79
Apr 15, 2020
Disagree*. But I agree because that's how it's spelt in the city by the majority-Flemish population.
+15
Level 73
Jul 8, 2021
'twas a pun on the double g in Brugge
+6
Level 60
Jun 10, 2020
or at least accept the much more popular term for the town, simply "Fooking Bruges"
+1
Level 66
May 16, 2024
disagree
+13
Level 40
Mar 3, 2014
It's Granada. Grenada is a Caribbean island.
+3
Level ∞
Mar 3, 2014
Fixed
+2
Level 69
May 1, 2017
Also a name of a crappy Ford.
+8
Level 92
Mar 3, 2014
Not sure if I should be surprised Byzantium isn't accepted. I mean, They Might Be Giants didn't even mention it...
+1
Level 50
Mar 26, 2015
Accepted for what? :)
+5
Level 33
Sep 12, 2016
Byzantium was the original name of the city before emperor Constantine changed it.
+5
Level 60
Jan 20, 2019
Why should it be? It was never a capital when it was called Byzantium, it was renamed six years before the relocation and 71 years before Byzantine empire was even a thing.
+8
Level 82
Feb 23, 2019
The Byzantine Empire was just the eastern half of the Roman Empire.
+1
Level 34
Mar 3, 2014
Canterburry please?
+7
Level 43
Mar 14, 2014
But it's spelt Canterbury...
+2
Level 58
Apr 22, 2020
It's never spelt that way. And if at first you don't succeed, this website allows you to try different spellings.
+9
Level 77
Mar 4, 2014
Kudos for including defenestration.
+18
Level 41
Oct 9, 2014
Surely we all agree that Carthage is in Africa, don't we? Is it in this quiz because it can be considered "a city in European history" for its connection with Rome? But then we could also include Jerusalem (the crusades), Tel Aviv (founded by European Jews), New York or Cape Town (colonial expansions), Suez (the canal built by the French) etc etc...
+5
Level 48
Jan 20, 2017
Yes, why didn't you include all cities from European history? You left out several hundred, maybe even thousands.
+9
Level 76
Apr 6, 2019
Not Tinu's point.
+10
Level 89
Apr 15, 2020
Yes, the title is "Cities in European History," not "European Cities in History." The answer cities don't have to be in Europe, just play an important part in European history. And yes, I know this response is over five years late ;)
+2
Level 58
Apr 22, 2020
The Carthiginian empire ruled over parts of Spain. That's in Europe by the way. So the Roman war against the Cartiginians had an impact on Europe. Also Hannibal invaded Roman territories in Europe, so it had an impact on Europe. The city of Carthage might be in Africa, but had far-reaching influence.
+5
Level 66
Mar 10, 2016
You should accept 'Firenze' for Florence because that's what it's called in most languages
+2
Level ∞
Aug 1, 2016
Okay
+10
Level 70
Jan 8, 2017
Should also accept 佛罗伦萨 as there are more Chinese than anyone else.
+2
Level 33
Dec 24, 2020
yes as achinese that would help lol
+4
Level 58
Apr 22, 2020
*Most* languages...? Wow, that's some claim!
+1
Level 34
Nov 15, 2021
It's Firenze in Italian, so I think it is good that it is accepted.
+3
Level 69
Jan 22, 2021
I think the point was that it's called Firenze by its inhabitants, which is pretty relevant.
+3
Level 65
Jan 20, 2017
Nice quiz but I've got an issue with a couple of these, firstly Carthage was not in Europe, I know it was important for European history but I'm sure that's true with a lot of other cities which are actually in Europe which could've been included in it's place. Secondly, Waterloo is not a city, it's even stated as a village in the clue so it shouldn't be included either!
+4
Level 60
Jan 20, 2017
It's 'important to European history' not 'European cities.' The Rome/Carthage relationship is the defining conflict of the Republic, which makes Carthage hugely important to European history.
+1
Level 47
Jan 20, 2017
The quiz is nice but no London, Paris or Berlin. I'm wondering, was it a deliberate choice?
+4
Level 68
Jan 20, 2017
Probably, you don't want all the obvious choices.
+1
Level 58
Dec 8, 2022
The quiz is not a definitive list. London, Paris and Berlin are rather predictable, I prefer a quiz that actually makes you think...
+1
Level 85
Jan 20, 2017
Why is "reconquered" in quotation marks?
+2
Level 58
Jan 20, 2017
It was captured as part of the reconquista, which is the spanish for reconquest
+4
Level 50
Jan 20, 2017
Not a big deal, but for most of the time St Petersburg was Russian capital it was called Petrograd, might be worth accepting?
+2
Level 70
Feb 1, 2017
Second that. Petrograd was also the name of the city back when it was a capital and as you seem to accept the former names of the cities (Stalingrad for Volgograd), consistency requires the acceptance of Petrograd :)
+2
Level 58
Feb 20, 2018
While I agree about the need to accept Petrograd and was about to comment on it myself, you're wrong about how long the city was called Petrograd. The name was only used for about 10 years and only 4 of those were as a capital as opposed to the 200 or so years the city was the capital of Russia as St. Petersburg (or Sankt Peterburg).
+1
Level 79
Apr 15, 2020
Petersburg*
+2
Level 64
Apr 15, 2020
Only during and after WW1, when Russia was at war with Germany, the city was called Petrograd, because Sankt Petersburg sounded too German.
+4
Level 77
Jun 28, 2017
Waterloo isn't technically a city... while Carthage is located in North Africa (but more acceptable than Waterloo)
+1
Level 65
Jun 6, 2019
I think Byzantium should be accepted
+1
Level 74
Sep 8, 2019
I was so sure Utrecht would make it that I typed it before reading any clues. Bummer.
+2
Level 58
Apr 22, 2020
I was so sure that Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch would make it that I typed it before reading any clues. Bummer.
+2
Level 75
Nov 21, 2019
Especially in a historical context, Petrograd should be accepted for St Petersburg.
+1
Level 79
Apr 15, 2020
I didn't get Carthage because it isn't in Europe.
+2
Level 82
Apr 15, 2020
Was it important to European history? And was there some other city that also lost the Peloponnesian War against Rome?
+8
Level 64
Apr 15, 2020
*Punic Wars. Peloponnesian War was fought between Athens and Sparta.
+1
Level 82
Apr 15, 2020
yeah. I thought that sounded weird when I typed it.
+1
Level 79
Apr 16, 2020
I'm not disputing that it was important to European history, but I was just focused on naming cities in Europe so I didn't get Carthage (I had Carthage in my mind though).
+1
Level 62
Apr 15, 2020
Waterloo isnt a city is it?
+1
Level 31
Apr 15, 2020
arghh just missed prague. not a clue what defenestrations meant
+1
Level 73
Apr 15, 2020
Clue; fenetre is French for window.
+2
Level 63
Dec 7, 2022
Defenestration is the act of throwing something (or somebody) out of a window. The term probably wouldn't have entered into common-esque English vocabulary if it wasn't for the fact that there were two historically significant defenestrations in Prague.
+1
Level 56
Apr 15, 2020
Sarajevo is not much of a Slavic city
+1
Level 54
Apr 15, 2020
It speaks very highly of you.
+3
Level 50
Apr 16, 2020
Sarajevo is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina, between Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, all those countries are slavics, they even were part of the Yugoslav Republic which was supposed to be an union of slavic countries
+1
Level 50
Apr 16, 2020
I think Berlin is also really important with Cold War
+1
Level 36
Apr 16, 2020
Carthage is in Tunisia, not Europe. The Carthaginians at the time were also descended from Phoenicians, their colonial source, from present-day Syria.
+2
Level 78
Jun 2, 2022
"Important Cities in European History". Where is it implied that the answers are all European cities?
+1
Level 54
Apr 16, 2020
Isn't Carthage in Africa?
+2
Level 79
Apr 16, 2020
It is, but it's a city that is important to European history. I didn't get the city either because I was focused on naming European ones.
+1
Level 39
Aug 6, 2020
Please accept "Genua" for "Genoa", its the italian writing.
+3
Level 64
Feb 21, 2021
It's Genova in Italian.
+1
Level 39
Jun 2, 2021
I'd have thought that Birmingham would have an equal claim to be the most industrialised city in the world at that point.
+1
Level 58
Dec 8, 2022
And Merthyr Tydfil (yes, really - although that may have been a little earlier)
+1
Level 36
Feb 9, 2022
Accept Saint Petersburg
+1
Level 60
Mar 25, 2022
0:01 left!!!
+2
Level 85
Apr 15, 2022
Even for jetpunk, wow are these comments pedantic.
+1
Level 63
Dec 7, 2022
Shouldn't the answer to the Peloponnesian War question be more than one city? Sure, Sparta did most of the legwork in that war, but there was a whole league of cities who fought on the same side and thus also defeated Athens, with Corinth, Thebes and Elis the most notable ones.
+1
Level 50
Dec 10, 2022
Read "Defenestrations" as "Deforestations" which left me baffled, don't know what the original word means so wouldn't have got it anyway
+1
Level 51
Dec 11, 2022
Easy for a historian 20/20 make it harder dude
+1
Level 37
Dec 29, 2022
carthage - in europe?