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Monarchies of the World

Can you name the countries of the world that are considered to be monarchies?
Includes constitutional monarchies
Groups together countries that share the same monarch
As of 8 September 2022
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: September 8, 2022
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First submittedDecember 6, 2010
Times taken129,051
Average score69.0%
Rating4.92
4:00
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Title
Monarch
Country
Co-Princes
Emmanuel / Joan
Andorra
King
Hamad
Bahrain
King
Philippe
Belgium
King
Khesar
Bhutan
Sultan
Hassanal
Brunei
King
Sihamoni
Cambodia
Queen
Margrethe
Denmark
King
Mswati
Eswatini
Emperor
Naruhito
Japan
King
Abdullah
Jordan
Emir
Nawaf
Kuwait
King
Letsie
Lesotho
Prince
Hans-Adam
Liechtenstein
Grand Duke
Henri
Luxembourg
Yang di-Pertuan
Agong
Abdullah
Malaysia
Title
Monarch
Country
Prince
Albert
Monaco
King
Mohammed
Morocco
King
Willem-Alexander
Netherlands
King
Harald
Norway
Sultan
Haitham
Oman
Emir
Tamim
Qatar
King
Salman
Saudi Arabia
King
Felipe
Spain
King
Carl Gustaf
Sweden
King
Rama
Thailand
King
Tupou
Tonga
Emir
Multiple (7)
United Arab Emirates
King
Charles
United Kingdom /
Commonwealth Realms
Pope
Francis
Vatican City
+2
Level 29
May 22, 2015
Should the Ayatollah be on here for Iran?
+5
Level 67
Jul 19, 2019
Russians in Afghanistan!
+2
Level 42
Jan 9, 2024
The ayatollah is a religious title, not a royal one.
+11
Level 74
Jun 11, 2015
It would be nice to remove the word "still" from the title of the quiz, as it implies a lot of things including a personal opinion.
+3
Level 58
Aug 27, 2020
As a monarchist, it doesn't imply anything. They're right, it's been on the decline.
+1
Level 68
Feb 18, 2021
Do you see very many new monarchies around?
+1
Level 79
Aug 22, 2015
Like the new look, QM!
+1
Level 56
Aug 22, 2015
I like most things updated with the new look, but why add a "Start quiz" button?
+2
Level 77
Aug 22, 2015
I LIKE the "Start quiz" button very much!
+1
Level 56
Aug 23, 2015
What's the point of the button, I'd like to know.
+1
Level 72
Feb 20, 2024
As one of the newer Jetpunk users, I never knew that we used to not have a start quiz button. Would the quizzes automatically start when you selected one?
+7
Level 77
Aug 23, 2015
I can't speak for anyone else but I like having an opportunity to read the instructions without losing valuable time on the clock. Wasted seconds are points lost!
+1
Level 75
Jun 16, 2017
But it also gives time to think about (or even look up) the answers before starting the quiz which is not a good thing IMO.
+3
Level 65
Jan 25, 2019
@ander but why would you even take the quiz then (if you, not you but you know ;), are gonna look up the answer anyway... no point then. You might aswell just read an encyclopedia
+1
Level 50
Feb 26, 2019
^ You'd think so, but apparently there are lots of people that do look up the answers. To me that seems like a very strange thing to do when it is supposed to be a quiz.
+1
Level 60
May 23, 2022
Then it's their loss.
+1
Level 62
Aug 22, 2015
26/29. I can live with that. I really should have gotten Norway and Cambodia, though.
+1
Level 55
Aug 22, 2015
Looking at this list now, the most amazing thing to me is the surprising lack of monarchies left in Africa. Just Morocco and the tiny kingdoms of Lesotho, Swaziland and Tonga.
+9
Level 56
Aug 23, 2015
Tonga is in Oceania. That reduces the number of monarchies in Africa to 3. I'm not surprised though, because most African countries are relatively new, being formed after 1950 for the first time.
+2
Level 64
Feb 18, 2021
There are many subnational monarchies in Africa.
+2
Level 68
Feb 18, 2021
The lack of monarchies in Africa is one of the very (very) few positive outcomes of colonialism. Other than that, colonialism hasn't exactly proven an awesome idea.
+7
Level 56
Feb 18, 2021
When you look at the different presidents in Africa, I don't think we can really say that republicanism has been noticeably better than monarchy would have been.
+1
Level 42
Jan 9, 2024
Colonialism wiping away most pre Euro power structures will do that to you. But like other have said, theres still a bunch of sub monarchs.
+4
Level 38
Aug 22, 2015
LIving down under is good. We are a constitutional monarchy with the Queen as Sovereign. She has a "substitute" of sorts, they being the Governor-General.

The Queen's Royal style and title in Australia is Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God Queen of Australia and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth.

Taken from: http://www.royal.gov.uk/monarchandcommonwealth/australia/australia.aspx

+1
Level 65
Jan 25, 2019
Style? Is that something like a tag? Haha
+2
Level 65
Aug 23, 2015
As soon as I realized that a lot of these countries were tiny, I was on a roll.
+1
Level 53
Sep 25, 2015
All I did was guess...still got Swaziland, Lesotho and Lichtenstein
+1
Level 40
Dec 5, 2015
LOL François, co-prince of Andorra XD
+1
Level 38
Jun 23, 2017
Emmanuel now :)
+1
Level 65
Jan 26, 2016
What about Samoa?

Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Efi is their constitutional monarch...

+2
Level ∞
May 27, 2017
Not a monarchy according to Wikipedia.
+2
Level 82
Jun 16, 2017
No, he was duly elected. He's aparently head of a "royal" family (quote marks according to Wikipedia), but it has not much to do with his political function.
+1
Level 56
Feb 18, 2021
But the King of Malaysia is also elected... that doesn't in itself mean he's not a monarch.
+1
Level 60
Oct 13, 2016
King Bhumibol has died. May he rest in peace.
+1
Level 55
Jun 16, 2017
Neat quiz! You clearly did a lot of research. I pretty much just guessed the countries.
+11
Level 89
Jun 16, 2017
Wait, Nigeria's not a monarchy? Then why do I keep getting e-mails from a Nigerian prince that wants to give me lots of money?
+5
Level 82
Jun 16, 2017
There are plenty of princes in abolished monarchies (Serbia, Greece, Germany, ...)
+5
Level 89
Feb 18, 2021
Sure, but why don't I get any e-mails from any of those places?
+10
Level 64
Feb 18, 2021
They aren't as generous as their Nigerian counterparts.
+1
Level 57
Nov 12, 2021
i wanna get sent money bye a nigerian prince
+1
Level 59
Oct 16, 2017
hahahahahahahahahahahahaha
+1
Level 66
Jun 17, 2017
I made a quiz on restored monarchies that you might want to check out.

http://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/120795/restored-monarchies

+1
Level 51
Jun 17, 2017
I forgot the pope......
+1
Level 63
Jun 23, 2017
four minutes?? seriously? how about like six or seven minutes. need more time.
+2
Level 65
Jan 6, 2020
No need to type all the countries in the world ;) plus if you dont know some that is fine. It is not about scoring 100% in whichever way possible but testing your knowledge.

the time seems fine to me, you do the ones you know and have a bit ov time left for some educated guesses. Not a typing contest without time to think and not so long that hou can just randomly put loads of countries in without rhyme or reason.

+7
Level 38
Jun 23, 2017
Funny that Prince Emmanuel of Andorra is actually Emmanuel Macron, the French President.
+1
Level 47
Dec 5, 2017
Ugh, I was typing... Liechtenstein, Andorra, Luxembourg, and then I decided, "Vatican City? Nah, he is the pope, not a king!" Completely missed.
+1
Level 35
Sep 17, 2018
How about Nepal?
+1
Level 70
Nov 10, 2018
Abolished.
+7
Level 70
Jul 4, 2019
An interesting observation I posted above (it was deleted because the user who started the thread was deleted): Of the 17 countries listed as full democracies by the democracy index at the time, 9 were monarchies. This number has since changed to 10/20.
+2
Level 66
Jul 19, 2019
Japan has a new emperor since May 2019
+1
Level 83
Jul 19, 2019
Malaysia’s monarch has changed from Muhammad to Abdullah since January 31 this year.
+2
Level 44
Jul 19, 2019
If you enjoyed this quiz, check out this "Constitutional Monarchies" quiz. Similar, but not at all the same!
+4
Level 67
Jul 19, 2019
Many comments touting that the strongest and most successful governments still have constitutional monarchs. I am wondering whether that is any causal relationship though. I suspect it's just a coincidence. Western Europe has the most successful democracies, and also has a history of monarchies, but I don't think the former is really the result of the latter. The US's current quandary is the result of a culture that is rotting from the inside, owing mostly to greed and bigotry. I don't see how that has anything to do with not having a monarch. I'm sure some grad student has written an interesting paper on the subject. To the internet!
+4
Level 70
Jul 19, 2019
I think it is because the strongest and most successful governments are generally the oldest ones (i.e. countries where it is difficult to bring down the government haven't had the government brought down in a while). Monarchy is an older form of government than a modern democratic republic, so the most stable governments tend to be disproportionately likely to be constitutional monarchies.
+2
Level 82
Sep 9, 2019
The USA has the oldest still-in-use written constitution in the world and has had a remarkably stable and long-continuous government, more than many other countries that most people think of as older which in fact have undergone multiple revolutions, coups, or reorganizations in recent history and so shouldn't really be thought of as old. Great Britain managed to stay out of the revolutions that swept across Europe in the 1800s but that makes them more the exception than the rule.
+1
Level 70
Jan 6, 2020
You're right I suppose, though the USA can also be said to be an exception to the rule rather than the rule because of how early it became independent and how rich it was destined to be because of its huge amount of natural resources. Also the fact that its native population was small enough compared to its immigrant population that the native population could be oppressed effectively, ensuring that they couldn't overthrow the government. Perhaps it is more to do with the fact that something needs to be going badly wrong internally in a country to persuade sufficiently many people to take part in a revolution. The Netherlands and Belgium were occupied by the Nazis in the Second World War, for example, but the population had no reason to start a revolution after the Nazis were gone and what was seen as the original government was restored.
+4
Level 55
Aug 18, 2020
Not sure the revolutions of the 1800s had much effect on the number of monarchies in Europe, France excepted. I suspect the numbers actually increased in the 19th century (Bulgaria, Belgium, Greece etc). It was the world wars that did for them. The key to Britain's retention of the monarchy was getting the revolutions in early, not avoiding them - leading to a more gradual process reducing the monarch's powers to become a figurehead only. I'm a republican at heart - in part because of the personal privilege - but I can see that the system has its advantages.
+2
Level 68
Feb 18, 2021
Most of France's revolutions have actually ended up instituting, rather than abolishing, some sort of monarchy. 1789 led to Napoleon, 1830 led to Louis-Philippe, 1848 led to Napoleon III, and in 1870, the monarchists held a majority in Parliament, and had they been able to agree amongst themselves, we might just have had king Henry V. In the end, the Republic was instituted by a one-vote majority.
+3
Level 68
Feb 18, 2021
I still agree that monarchies aren't directly linked to good or bad governement. You can have very good and very bad government, as well as any shades in between, no matter the form of the state. So, given that, why would anyone *want* to live in a monarchy? Why would anyone *want* to be officially recognised as inferior to someone else, just because of their birth? Having lived in the UK, and actually briefly worked for Her Majesty's Government, I still don't get it. Sure, it's fun to watch from the outside - but being actually subject to those people? Nah, thanks. I'd rather have idiots I can vote out.
+2
Level 58
Aug 5, 2021
No-one's 'subject' to a constitutional monarch except in the most technical meaningless sense. If there was widespread support for a republic in the UK, it'd happen - just like anything else in a democratic society. I suspect a lot of the Commonwealth realms will become republics when Elizabeth dies.
+2
Level 71
Dec 12, 2021
Back in the 80s, when my dad was a medical student, the Bangladeshi government paid millions of dollars to the British government to get the broadcasting rights to some sort of royal wedding (Charles and Diana I think). My dad wrote a very critical editorial about the uselessness of it. This was at a time when most of Bangladesh was living in the most extreme of poverty, where famines were still common and barely anyone had access to electricity, let alone televisions. Why, he argued, was the government spending so much money on an ultimately worthless event that very few Bangladeshis could watch when it could spend that money helping the poor?

Thankfully things are better in Bangladesh now, but I still think he had a good point--why do people spend so much money and attention on people who are ultimately unimportant to our lives when we could focus our time and attention on the things that matter?

+2
Level 76
Jul 21, 2020
Gee, it might have something to do with all the wealth those countries accumulated by looting and pillaging the rest of the world.
+7
Level 55
Aug 18, 2020
yeh - those violent piratical Monegasques are only outdone by the genocidal Norwegians and world enslaving Liechtensteiners.
+5
Level 82
Aug 18, 2020
The Norwegians were in fact pretty big into looting and pillaging in the 9th and 10th centuries. But, yeah, good point aside.
+1
Level 55
Aug 19, 2020
Which has precisely zero relevance to Norway's 21st century constitutional arrangements - which was the point of this exchange and the subject of the quiz. But yeh, good point aside.
+1
Level 82
Oct 18, 2020
You're praising your own point?
+4
Level 68
Feb 18, 2021
It can easily be argued that residents of Monaco are still looting and pillaging the world, just by different means.
+1
Level 76
Jul 19, 2019
That was fun. I got them all (almost missed Tonga but the quiz goes in alaphabetic order of the country so that helped a lot)
+2
Level 74
Mar 16, 2022
I hate it when find out after finishing a quiz that the answers were in alphabetical order all along.
+1
Level 60
Nov 13, 2023
This time, I actually noticed during the quiz. I did worse, though...
+1
Level 65
Jul 20, 2019
I had no idea Cambodia was a monarchy
+2
Level 84
Jul 20, 2019
Akihito's reign as Emperor ended after his abdication. Naruhito became Emperor since 1 May 2019, the beginning of the Reiwa era
+2
Level 70
Jul 23, 2019
Qatar's Emir is Tamim since June 2013. He is the son of Hamad
+2
Level ∞
Jul 23, 2019
Fixed
+3
Level 57
Jan 15, 2020
Oman is now

Haitham bin Tariq Al Said

+1
Level 51
Apr 18, 2020
Yes
+1
Level 60
May 29, 2020
Missed Morocco, Bhutan, Malaysia and Lesotho
+1
Level 51
Aug 28, 2020
100%
+1
Level 56
Nov 2, 2020
Unless you mean Sabah for Kuwait as the last name, please update. King Sabah al-Sabah of Kuwait died this year (2020). The Emir of Kuwait is now Nawaf al-Sabah
+1
Level 61
Feb 18, 2021
easy because I know all monarchies, I even have a series about it.
+1
Level 62
Feb 18, 2021
How is the Vatican a monarchy? The pope is elected.
+6
Level 49
Mar 31, 2021
These aren't mutually exclusive states: one can have elective monarchies such as Malaysia and the Vatican.
+2
Level 65
Apr 28, 2022
Some historical examples of elective monarchies include Poland and the HRE
+2
Level 59
Feb 19, 2021
Hail to Multiple VII King of the UAE !
+1
Level 49
Feb 22, 2021
The monarch of the vatican holds the title "sovereign". The title "pope" is the title of the monarch of the holy see, a similar but different entity
+4
Level 63
Feb 23, 2021
The one time I thought a Nigerian Price would be helpful.
+1
Level 59
Jun 14, 2021
This is the interesting fact i got:

In 2012, Liechtensteiners voted on whether to abolish the Prince’s right to…..

+1
Level 74
Mar 16, 2022
... veto referendum results.

Is that really interesting? I slightly regret bothering to look it up to be honest; I thought it was going to be something like "... take any female over the age of 12 as a wife."

+3
Level 60
May 23, 2022
The interesting part is their outcome. If they don't abolish it, they're running a risk of a corrupt leader. If they do, they're getting rid of the risk for no cost.
+1
Level 74
Sep 10, 2022
It's a stable, moneytheistic autonomous bankocracy - they won't do anything interesting that puts that in danger.
+1
Level 67
Aug 17, 2021
24
+1
Level 44
Feb 17, 2022
bolivia?
+3
Level 63
Apr 5, 2022
I recognize that this isn’t within the time frame of the most recent update, however, for the next update I believe Afghanistan should be included under Emir Hibatullah Akhundzada (at least if Wikipedia is anything to go by)
+1
Level 63
Jul 7, 2022
arnt australia and canada and many more not also monarchies since the queen of the uk is also their queen nvm i see the caviat now
+8
Level 64
Sep 10, 2022
rip queen elizabeth
+2
Level 63
Oct 2, 2023
I don't understand how anyone could miss eSWATIni.
+1
Level 15
Jan 14, 2024
Frederik X in Denmark now!!!
+1
Level 57
Feb 17, 2024
I think the quiz would be cooler if the Commonwealth realms had to be guessed separately
+1
Level 67
Feb 18, 2024
The quiz needs to be updated as Queen Margrethe II abdicated and now her son is King Frederick X of Denmark