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This Day in History - October

Can you guess these things that happened in the month of October?
Quiz by Quizmaster
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Last updated: August 20, 2020
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First submittedOctober 9, 2012
Times taken29,032
Average score67.7%
Rating4.41
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Date
Year
Clue
Answer
Oct 1
331 BC
This conqueror defeats the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela
Alexander the Great
Oct 2
1535
Jacques Cartier arrives at the present-day site of this city
on the St. Lawrence river
Montreal
Oct 3
1990
This country is reunified
Germany
Oct 4
1957
This satellite becomes the first human-built object to orbit Earth
Sputnik 1
Oct 5
2011
This technology pioneer dies of pancreatic cancer
Steve Jobs
Oct 6
1973
Syria and Egypt invade Israel on this Jewish holiday
Yom Kippur
Oct 7
1962
Dr. No, the first movie to feature this character, is released
James Bond
Oct 8
1871
Mrs. O'Leary's cow allegedly starts a fire in this city
Chicago
Oct 9
768
This ruler is crowned King of the Franks
Charlemagne
Oct 10
1911
The start of the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew this
imperial dynasty, China's last
Qing
Oct 11
1962
This Catholic council convenes. It would introduce many changes,
such as allowing masses to be held in languages besides Latin.
Second Vatican
Council
Oct 12
1810
This Munich festival is held for the first time
Oktoberfest
Oct 13
54
This musical enthusiast becomes emperor of Rome
Nero
Oct 14
1066
William the Conqueror wins this pivotal battle
Battle of Hastings
Oct 15
1917
Exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed for this crime
Espionage
Oct 16
1793
This French queen is guillotined
Marie Antoinette
Oct 17
1604
This explosion is first observed from Earth. For weeks, it would appear
brighter than any star in the night sky.
Kepler's Supernova
Oct 18
1898
This island becomes a U.S. territory
Puerto Rico
Oct 19
1812
Napoleon retreats from this city. Less than 10% of his troops
will survive the long march back to France.
Moscow
Oct 20
1944
General Douglas MacArthur returns to this country after being
forced to flee two years earlier
Philippines
Oct 21
1805
This one-armed admiral defeats the French at the Battle of Trafalgar
Horatio Nelson
Oct 22
1836
Sam Houston becomes the first president of this short-lived country
Texas
Oct 23
4004 BC
The world is created, according to James Ussher's calculations
based on this book
The Bible
Oct 24
1901
Annie Taylor becomes the first person to go over these in a barrel
Niagara Falls
Oct 25
1415
This English king defeats the French at Agincourt
Henry V
Oct 26
1881
The "Gunfight at the O.K. Corral" occurs in this Arizona frontier town
Tombstone
Oct 27
1682
This American city is founded by William Penn
Philadelphia
Oct 28
1962
Ending a crisis, the USSR agrees to remove its missiles from this country
Cuba
Oct 29
1618
This English adventurer, who tried to colonize Virginia, is beheaded
Walter Raleigh
Oct 30
1922
This fascist becomes Prime Minister of Italy
Benito Mussolini
Oct 31
2011
The human population of Earth reaches this number
(according to the U.N.)
7 billion
34 Comments
+15
Level 67
Apr 23, 2014
There always seem to be one question in every single one of those long quiz that my eyes apparently skip over and that I realize I never even read only once the answer are posted. This time it was the Puerto Rico one. It's really frustrating because I usually know the answer.
+1
Level 48
May 7, 2014
Same here.
+8
Level 58
Feb 9, 2017
Happens to me all the time. I swear questions are added once I move past to subsequent ones.
+5
Level 84
Sep 18, 2017
This!!!!! Wow, glad to see I'm not the only one this happens to.
+1
Level 27
Jun 2, 2024
Same! It was Cuba this time
+3
Level 48
May 7, 2014
I never knew about the beheading.
+3
Level 60
Oct 1, 2015
I'm surprised anyone gets Sir Walter Raleigh from that description! In the UK he's most famous for importing the first tobacco. I didn't even remember he'd been executed - he packed a lot into his life before that!
+2
Level 83
Dec 11, 2015
I always thought his beheading was pretty famous.
+1
Level 89
Sep 3, 2018
That super femme collar always comes to mind when I think of him getting beheaded.
+1
Level 85
Oct 4, 2021
In the US, he's most famous for the first English attempt to colonize North America - the failed Roanoke Colony. I don't remember ever being taught anything about him that happened after c.1585.
+2
Level 80
Oct 2, 2020
In my experience, he's pretty well known in Britain for being beheaded too.
+2
Level 75
Sep 2, 2021
I thought he was let off because he blubbed on the way to the block?
+1
Level 86
Oct 1, 2021
On "The Unbelievable Truth" (BBC Radio Show), one of the truths about Sir Walter Raleigh was that his wife carried his embalmed head around in a bag after his death.
+1
Level 95
Oct 3, 2015
Personally I think that a question for Oct. 28 (1940) should be about the Greeks denying the Italians asylum in Greece, thus drastically changing the outcome of WW2 in the allies favour.
+6
Level 74
Oct 10, 2015
as opposed to event in the current question, which dramatically changed the outcome of WW3 in everyone's favour?
+1
Level 69
Jun 8, 2019
outcome of a worldwar in everyones favour... something not right there..
+3
Level 75
Sep 2, 2021
The outcome was that the world war didn't happen, so yeah!
+1
Level 76
Sep 17, 2017
Also accept 7000000000?
+1
Level 83
Sep 17, 2017
That is accepted.
+2
Level 75
Oct 1, 2018
It was the one I didn't know so I just started typing each number with lots of zeros and finally got it.
+1
Level 69
Jun 8, 2019
I knew it was billion started with 6 then went down then up
+1
Level 60
Oct 1, 2018
October 14, William the Conqueror was not a "conqueror" before the Battle of Hastings, he was the "Bastard". And October 27, grammatical mistake "William Penn FINDS this American city". Nice quiz overall, though!
+15
Level 77
Oct 1, 2018
"Founds" is correct in this context. When someone establishes or starts something (like a city or a company), it is said that that person founded it. It comes from the same source as the word foundation, meaning the basis of something. "Finds" implies that the city already existed and that Penn just managed to locate it. See the second verb definition here.

Regarding the Battle of Hastings, the question isn't about William before the battle. One could say that at the moment he won the battle (as it is phrased in the question), he became The Conqueror.

+3
Level 88
Aug 23, 2020
please accept "spy" for mata hari
+1
Level 66
Sep 1, 2020
Does anyone else find him/herself mentally responding Jeopardy-style -- in the form of a question -- due to the phrasing of the hints?
+1
Level 66
Oct 2, 2021
Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights are not Israel
+1
Level 60
Mar 3, 2022
Were at the time.
+1
Level 66
Aug 14, 2022
I loved this quiz,,,,and quite happy to have answered 25 correctly. Excellent variety of subjects with clear, intelligent wording of the clues.
+1
Level 78
Oct 14, 2022
Is there a reason you have 30 verifiable events, and one that isn't?
+1
Level 65
Apr 2, 2024
But it is verifiable that Ussher calculated that date based on the Bible. What are you talking about?
+1
Level 21
Nov 16, 2022
yall might think i am lying but i am the 7,000,000,000th person born
+1
Level 39
Jan 17, 2023
Why didn't you put the actual retreat to France in 1813 after the Battle of Nations, also on 19th of October... in 1812 that same date Napoleons army only fell back to Germany, not France.
+1
Level 53
Mar 2, 2023
I think Guam should be accepted as well in the place of Puerto Rico as it was also handed over by the Spanish after the Spanish American war
+1
Level 77
May 15, 2023
But did the US take control of Guam on October 18, 1898?