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(287212 BCE) Used the Method of Exhaustion to approximate the are of a circle.

Archimedes

(322275 BCE) Wrote "The Elements"

Euclid of Alexandria

(578  505 BCE) Credited with the first formal proof of the relationship between the sides of a right triangle.

Pythagoras of Samos

(790850) Wrote the first book on Algebra in which we are given the words "algebra" and "algorithm".

Abu Ja'far Muhammed ibn Musa AlKhwarizmi

(11701250) Developed a recursive sequence of numbers by adding two numbers together to get the next number.

Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci

(1323  1382) Mathematician credited with proving that the harmonic series diverges.

Nicole d'Oresme

(1540 1603) Introduced the modern algebra notation of using letters to represent unknown quantities.

Francois Viete

(15961650) Invented the xyplane, creating analytic geometry.

Rene Descarte

(1550  1617) Invented logarithms

John Napier

(16011665) Worked on number theory; most famous for his "Last" Theorem.

Pierre de Fermat

(1623  1662) Invented [his] Triangle used for binomial expansions and probability calculations.

Blaise Pascal

(1643  1727) English mathematician who laid the groundwork for differential and integral calculus; most remembered for his formulation of the gravitation laws.

Isaac Newton

(16461716) German mathematician developed the present day notation of the derivative and integral.

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibnitz

(1667  1754) Used trigonometric functions to represent complex numbers.

Abraham De Moivre

(1707  1783) Discovered the natural base, e.

Leonhard Euler

(17771855) Discovered a method for finding the sum of consecutive integers beginning with 1 at age 8.

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

(1749  1827) Applied calculus to study the orbits of celestial bodies; also know for [his] transform.

PierreSimon Laplace

(1789  1857) Pioneered the study of real analysis, complex anlysis, and permutation groups.

AugustinLouis Cauchy

(1826  1866) Used [his] sums to find the are under a curve.

Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann

(1845  1918) Founded set theory and introduced the concept of infinite numbers.

Georg Ferdinand Ludwig Philipp Cantor
