Country Name Etymology 2

Answers are country names, including one former name.
Quiz by bocoker
Last updated: May 2, 2022
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First submittedNovember 20, 2015
Times taken1,124
Average score64.3%
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Portuguese sailors referred to this stretch of the African coast as "Serra da Leoa," the “Lion Mountain,” later translated to Italian on some maps.
Sierra Leone
Derived possibly from "Biru," either the name of a local ruler living in contemporary Panama, or a (non-existent) ethnic group thought to live along the Pacific coast further south.
From Greek, “Indian Island.”
From the Latin "romanus," meaning “citizen of Rome.”
From an English interpretation of the Portuguese "Rio dos Camarões" (Shrimp River).
The essential word of the country’s name derived from an Italian explorer, Amerigo Vespucci.
United States of America
Asian coastal country named, according to legend, from an expression, “Baru nah!” (“That’s it!”) uttered by founder Awang Alak Tetatar.
Possibly from the Sumerian city of Uruk.
Former name derived from a Portuguese interpretation of an expression of the Kikongo language, "Ndzere," meaning “the river that swallows all rivers.”
The Greek name appears twice in the Iliad, according to Pliny the Elder derived from a man named Aethiops.
South American country named for a circle of latitude, sometimes called the great circle.
Named for an empire in West Africa, located northwest of the current country.
The first part of the name derived from an historical association with the Huns, and the second from a Latinized form of Byzantine Greek, "Oungroi."
Probably from the Iroquoian word "kanata," meaning “village” or settlement.”
Level 61
Jun 11, 2021
I just LOVE etymology quizzes.
Level 67
Apr 18, 2022
Great quiz. Nominated.

N.B. for the Ecuador question:

1. The equator isn't often known as *the* great circle. It is, however, recognised as being *one* of the various great circles. (A great circle is the largest-possible circle that can be drawn on a sphere. e.g. all of the Meridians are also great circles.)

2. Clues about the equator also apply to Equatorial Guinea.

Level 77
Apr 20, 2022
Thanks for the nice comment. Re: Ecuador, hence the "sometimes." I can't think of any other country that would qualify, should provide enough info to get it. At least if you know a bit of Spanish.
Level 77
Apr 22, 2022
Further to this. Trying to change it to a "South American ..."
Level 48
Apr 18, 2022
Great quiz! 5 stars.
Level 27
May 18, 2023
Zaire is now known as DRC
Level 77
May 31, 2023
Hence "former name."