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Spain has a higher per-capita income than the United Kingdom
Spain was ruled by a dictator during part of the 20th century
Francisco Franco served as Caudillo from 1939–1975
Spain produces more olive oil than any other country
Spain produces more than 5 times as much as the #2 country, Italy
Madrid is the most populous city in Spain
Basque people speak a language that isn't closely related to any other known language
The Iberian peninsula is fully controlled by Spain
Spain shares Iberia with Portugal
The Canary Islands are closer to the mainland of Africa than the mainland of Europe
Sicilian is an officially recognized Spanish language
The officially recognized languages are Spanish, Aragonese, Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Occitan (Aranese)
Spain has a population smaller than Texas
Spain has a population of 46.9 million, while Texas's population is 29.4 million
The average woman in Spain gives birth to more than 3 children
Spain's fertility rate is about 1.37
Spain borders the Bay of Biscay
The Bay of Biscay borders Spain and France
The city of Nice is in Spain
Nice is in France
Andalusia is the southernmost Spanish autonomous community located on the European mainland
Spain has a king
The current king is Felipe VI
Descendants of Christopher Columbus are eligible for a small state pension as part of a royal bequest from Queen Isabella in 1493
Just a remark about the languages: besides Spanish, the co-official languages are Catalan, Valencian, Galician, Basque and Aranese. Aranese is actually the Occitan language.
Asturian is not an Occitan language; it is part of the Astur-Leonese branch and it is just considered a regional language, same as Aragonese and Leonese.
The options would be Verdado and Falso
The directions would be: ¿Puedes adivinar si estas afirmaciones sobre España son verdados o Falsos?
I can't translate the rest though. I'm not good enough at Spanish.
I got Question 13 wrong, because I thought it was a trick question. There are in fact Spanish mainland communities further south than Andalusia: Ceuta and Melilla.
Granted, we're talking about African mainland as these are tiny exclaves surrounded by Morocco, but they are both autonomous (since 1995) and Spanish and mainland, so I would argue that they qualify.
If you changed the question to "...European mainland..." that would make it work ;)