Statistics for Nobel Prize Winners in Physics

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  • This quiz has been taken 315 times
  • The average score is 164 of 210

Answer Stats

YearNationalityReason for AwardAnswer% Correct
1921German"for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect"Albert Einstein
98%
French, PolishMarie Curie, née Sklodowska
98%
French"in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"Pierre Curie
97%
1940No Award Given.a
95%
1916No Award Given.a
95%
1931No Award Given.a
95%
1934No Award Given.a
95%
1942No Award Given.a
95%
1941No Award Given.a
95%
1901German"in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him"Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
95%
1975Danish"for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection"Aage Niels Bohr
92%
1922Danish"for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them"Niels Henrik David Bohr
92%
GermanWolfgang Paul
92%
1945Austrian"for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle"Wolfgang Pauli
91%
1938Italian"for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"Enrico Fermi
90%
1932German"for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen"Werner Heisenberg
90%
AmericanGeorge E. Smith
89%
1918German"in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta"Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
88%
BritishPeter W. Higgs
88%
DutchPieter Zeeman
88%
1930British Indian"for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him"Sir Chandrasekhara Vekata Raman
88%
1902Dutch"in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena"Hendrk Antoon Lorentz
87%
2010Dutch, British"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"Andre Geim
86%
1903French"in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity"Antoine Henri Becquerel
86%
British"for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects"Brian David Josephson
86%
American, AustralianBrian P. Schmidt
86%
American"for his discovery of the positron"Carl David Anderson
86%
1996American"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3"David M. Lee
86%
1939American"for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements"Ernest Orlando Lawrence
86%
1970Swedish"for fundamental work and discoveries in magnetohydro-dynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics"Hannes Olof Gosta Alfven
86%
1913Dutch"for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium"Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
86%
JapaneseHiroshi Amano
86%
2014Japanese"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"Isamu Akasaki
86%
1995American"for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics", "for the discovery of the tau lepton"Martin L. Perl
86%
1977American"for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems"Philip Warren Anderson
86%
2011American"for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"Saul Perlmutter
86%
1947British"for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer"Sir Edward Victor Appleton
86%
American, ChineseTsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee
86%
CanadianArthur B. McDonald
85%
BritishDuncan M. Haldane
85%
2013Belgian"for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider"Francois Englert
85%
1935British"for the discovery of the neutron"James Chadwick
85%
1973Japanese"for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"Leo Esaki
85%
JapaneseShuji Nakamura
85%
1997American"for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light"Steven Chu
85%
2015Japanese"for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass"Takaaki Kajita
85%
2016British"for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"David J. Thouless
84%
SovietIl'ja Mikhailovich Frank
84%
1925German"for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom"James Franck
84%
West GermanJ. Hans D. Jensen
84%
2012French"for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"Serge Haroche
84%
1983American, Indian"for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars"Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
84%
BritishAnthony J. Leggett
83%
2009American, British, Hong Konger/Chinese"for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication"Charles Kuen Kao
83%
1957Chinese"for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles"Chen Ning Yang
83%
AmericanDouglas D. Osheroff
83%
1987West German"for their important break-through in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials"J. Georg Bednorz
83%
1910Dutch"for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids"Johannes Diderik van der Waals
83%
AmericanLeo James Rainwater
83%
1904British"for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt)
83%
1968American"for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis"Luis Walter Alvarez
83%
1969American"for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"Murray Gell-Mann
83%
BritishPaul Adrien Maurice Dirac
83%
1915British"for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"Sir William Henry Bragg
83%
American"for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe"William Alfred Fowler
83%
BritishWilliam Lawrence Bragg
83%
2007French"for the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance"Albert Fert
82%
1909Italian"in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy"Guglielmo Marconi
82%
GermanGustav Ludwig Hertz
82%
1990American"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics"Jerome I. Friedman
82%
BritishJ. Michael Kosterlitz
82%
American"for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique"John L. Hall
82%
1954West German"for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction"Max Born
82%
1943Nazi German"for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton"Otto Stern
82%
AmericanRichard P. Feynman
82%
GermanTheodor W. Hansch
82%
AmericanVal Lodgson Fitch
82%
2000Russian"for basic work on information and communication technology", "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"Zhores I. Alferov
82%
1976American"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind"Burton Richter
81%
American, Chinese, TaiwaneseDaniel C. Tsui
81%
BritishGeorge Paget Thomson
81%
1992Polish, Jewish, French"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"Georges Charpak
81%
SwissHeinrich Rohrer
81%
1980American"for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons"James Watson Cronin
81%
1906British"in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"Joseph John Thomson
81%
Russian, BritishKonstantin Novoselov
81%
AmericanLeon Neil Cooper
81%
Japanese"for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"Makoto Kobayashi
81%
JapaneseMasatoshi Koshiba
81%
1928British"for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him"Owen Willans Richardson
81%
1905German"for his work on cathode rays"Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard
81%
2002American"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"Raymond Davis Jr.
81%
AmericanRobert C. Richardson
81%
1993American"for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation"Russell A. Hulse
81%
1937American"for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"Clinton Joseph Davisson
80%
2001American"for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"Eric A. Cornell
80%
1949Japanese"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"Hideki Yukawa
80%
American, GermanHorst L. Stormer
80%
SovietIgor Yevgenyevich Tamm
80%
1944American"for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"Isidor Isaac Rabi
80%
1919German"for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields"Johannes Stark
80%
AmericanJohn Hasbrouck van Vleck
80%
1962Soviet"for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"Lev Davidovich Landau
80%
French"for fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications in solid state physics"Louis Eugene Felix Neel
80%
American, West German"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"Maria Goeppert Mayer
80%
1946American"for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics"Percy Williams Bridgman
80%
1991French"for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers"Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
80%
American, West German"for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron"Polykarp Kusch
80%
2008American, Japanese"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"Yoichiro Nambu
80%
1984Italian"for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction"Carlo Rubbia
79%
1986West German"for his fundamental work in electron optics, and for the design of the first electron microscope"Ernst Ruska
79%
West German"for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope"Gerd Binnig
79%
AmericanHenry W. Kendall
79%
2006American"for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation"John C. Mather
79%
DutchMartinus J.G. Veltman
79%
1989American"for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks"Norman F. Ramsey
79%
AmericanOwen Chamberlain
79%
AmericanSamuel Chao Chung Ting
79%
Canadian"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor"Willard S. Boyle
79%
1927American"for his discovery of the effect named after him"Arthur Holly Compton
78%
1994Canadian"for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter", "for the development of neutron spectroscopy"Bertram N. Brockhouse
78%
SwissK. Alexander Muller
78%
1929French"for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons"Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie
78%
West German"for the coincidence method and his discoveries made therewith"Walther Bothe
78%
AmericanAdam G. Reiss
77%
1907American"for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"Albert Abraham Michelson
77%
1950British"for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method"Cecil Frank Powell
77%
British"for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
77%
2004American"for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction"David J. Gross
77%
AmericanEdward Mills Purcell
77%
1967American, West German"for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars"Hans Albrecht Bethe
77%
German"for the development of the ion trap technique"Hans G. Dehmelt
77%
1982American"for his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions"Kenneth G. Wilson
77%
1988American"for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino"Leon M. Lederman
77%
1912Swedish"for his invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys"Nils Gustaf Dalen
77%
1923American"for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect"Robert Andrews Millikan
77%
AmericanRobert Woodrow Wilson
77%
DutchSimon van der Meer
77%
2003Russian, and American"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"Alexei A. Abrikosov
76%
BritishAntony Hewish
76%
AmericanJoseph H. Taylor Jr.
76%
GermanKarl Ferdinand Braun
76%
AmericanMelvin Schwartz
76%
CanadianRichard E. Taylor
76%
American"for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics", "for the detection of the neutrino"Frederick Reines
75%
1953Dutch"for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope"Frits Zernike
75%
1926French"for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium"Jean Baptiste Perrin
75%
1972American"for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory"John Bardeen
75%
AmericanJohn Bardeen
75%
1979American"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current"Sheldon Lee Glashow
75%
JapaneseToshihide Maskawa
75%
1936American, Austrian"for his discovery of cosmic radiation"Victor Franz Hess
75%
AmericanWilliam D. Phillips
75%
1914German"for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals"Max von Laue
74%
GermanPeter Grunberg
74%
BritishSir Nevill Francis Mott
74%
American, DanishBen Roy Mottelson
73%
AmericanDavid J. Wineland
73%
1908France"for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference"Gabriel Lippmann
73%
1948British"for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation"Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett
73%
American, Italian"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources"Riccardo Giacconi
73%
1911German"for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat"Wilhelm Wien
73%
1917British"for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements"Charles Glover Barkla
72%
1971British, Hungarian"for his invention and development of the holographic method"Dennis Gabor
72%
1952Swiss"for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith"Felix Bloch
72%
AmericanJulian Schwinger
72%
1981American, Dutch"for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy"Nicolaas Bloembergen
72%
1956American"for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"William Bradford Shockley
72%
1920Swiss"in recognition of the service he has rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys"Charles Edouard Guillaume
71%
1933Austrian"for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"Erwin Schrodinger
71%
German"for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name"Rudolf Ludwig Mossbauer
71%
1951British"for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles"Sir John Douglas Cockcroft
71%
RussianVitaly L. Ginzburg
71%
PakistaniAbdus Salam
70%
1966French"for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms"Alfred Kastler
70%
1960American"for the invention of the bubble chamber"Donald Arthur Glaser
70%
2005American"for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence"Roy J. Glauber
70%
GermanWolfgang Ketterle
70%
IrishErnest Thomas Sinton Walton
69%
AmericanJohn Robert Schrieffer
69%
AmericanArthur Leonard Schawlow
68%
1999Dutch"for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics"Gerardus 't Hooft
68%
SovietNicolay Gennadiyevich Basov
68%
1958Soviet"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov
68%
1955American"for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum"Willis Eugene Lamb
68%
FrenchClaude Cohen-Tannoudji
67%
1998American"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations"Robert B. Laughlin
67%
AmericanGeorge F. Smoot
66%
American, West GermanJack Steinberger
66%
AmericanCarl E. Wieman
65%
American"for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter", "for the development of the neutron diffraction technique"Clifford G. Shull
64%
AmericanH. David Politzer
64%
American"for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit"Jack S. Kilby
64%
American, GermanHerbert Kroemer
63%
1985West German"for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect"Klaus von Klitzing
63%
SovietAleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov
62%
AmericanFrank Wilczek
61%
1961American"for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons"Robert Hofstadter
61%
American, NorwegianIvar Giaever
60%
1978Soviet"for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics"Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa
60%
Swedish"for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy"Kai M. Siegbahn
59%
1924Swedish"for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy"Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn
59%
1974British"for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"Sir Martin Ryle
59%
AmericanWalter Houser Brattain
59%
American"for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation"Arno Allan Penzias
55%
1964American"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"Charles H. Townes
53%
1965Japanese"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"Sin-Itiro Tomonaga
53%
AmericanSteven Weinberg
49%
1959American, Italian"for their discovery of the antiproton"Emilio Gino Segre
48%
1963American, Hungarian"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"Eugene Paul Wigner
46%

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