Statistics for Nobel Prize Winners in Physiology or Medicine

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General Stats

  • This quiz has been taken 173 times
  • The average score is 134 of 219

Answer Stats

YearNationalityReason for AwardAnswer% Correct
1945British"for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases"Sir Alexander Fleming
91%
1962British"for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"Francis Harry Compton Crick
89%
1915 | 1916 | 1917 | +6 othersNo Award Given.a
87%
1901German"for his work on serum therapy, especially its application against diphtheria, by which he has opened a new road in the domain of medical science and thereby placed in the hands of the physician a victorious weapon against illness and deaths"Emil Adolf von Behring
83%
AmericanHamilton O. Smith
83%
British, Nazi GermanErnst Boris Chain
82%
1904Russian"in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged"Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
81%
AmericanJames Dewey Watson
81%
1902British"for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it"Ronald Ross
81%
1947Austro-Hungarian, American"for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"Carl Ferdinand Cori
80%
Austro-Hungarian, American, JewishGerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz
80%
1943Danish"for his discovery of vitamin K"Henrik Carl Peter Dam
80%
1946American"for the discovery of the production of mutations by means of X-ray irradiation"Hermann Joseph Muller
80%
1948Swiss"for his discovery of the high efficiency of DDT as a contact poison against several arthropods"Paul Hermann Muller
80%
2004American"for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"Richard Axel
80%
2010British"for the development of in vitro fertilization"Robert G. Edwards
80%
1905German"for his investigations and discoveries in relation to tuberculosis"Robert Koch
80%
AustralianSir Howard Walter Florey
80%
1988British"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"Sir James W. Black
80%
American, Irish"for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites"William C. Campbell
80%
2015Chinese"for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"Youyou Tu
80%
BritishEdgar Douglas Adrian
79%
1939Nazi German"for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil"Gerhard Domagk
79%
2006American"for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"Andrew Z. Fire
78%
2014American, British"for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain"John O'Keefe
78%
AmericanJulius Axelrod
78%
1903Danish"in recognition of his contribution to the treatment of diseases, especially lupus vulgaris, with concentrated light radiation, whereby he has opened a new avenue for medical science"Niels Ryberg Finsen
78%
SpanishSantiago Ramon y Cajal
78%
1936British"for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses"Sir Henry Hallett Dale
78%
2016Japanese"for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"Yoshinori Ohsumi
78%
AmericanArthur Kornberg
77%
1959Spanish"for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid"Severo Ochoa
77%
1976American"for their discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases"Baruch S. Blumberg
76%
AmericanCraig C. Mello
76%
NorwegianEdvard I. Moser
76%
AmericanEdwin G. Krebs
76%
2009Australian, American"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"Elizabeth H. Blackburn
76%
1965French"for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis"Francois Jacob
76%
1953British, West German"for his discovery of the citric acid cycle"Hans Adolf Krebs
76%
1989American"for their discovery of the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes"J. Michael Bishop
76%
2001American"for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"Leland H. Hartwell
76%
NorwegianMay-Britt Moser
76%
1963Australian"for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"Sir John Carew Eccles
76%
2007British"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"Sir Martin J. Evans
76%
BritishSir Paul M. Nurse
76%
1986American"for their discoveries of growth factors"Stanley Cohen
76%
2002South African"for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'"Sydney Brenner
76%
1975American"for their discoveries concerning the interaction between tumour viruses and the genetic material of the cell"David Baltimore
75%
1992Swiss"for their discoveries concerning reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism"Edmond H. Fischer
75%
AustrianKonrad Lorenz
75%
AmericanLouis J. Ignarro
75%
1966American"for his discovery of tumour-inducing viruses"Peyton Rous
75%
JapaneseSatoshi Omura
75%
2012British"for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"Sir John B. Gurdon
75%
AmericanLinda B. Buck
74%
1933American"for his discoveries concerning the role played by the chromosome in heredity"Thomas Hunt Morgan
74%
2000Swedish"for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system"Arvid Carlsson
73%
American"for his discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K"Edward Adelbert Doisy
73%
American, RomanianGeorge E. Palade
73%
American, ItalianMario R. Capecchi
73%
1985American"for their discoveries concerning the regulation of cholesterol metabolism"Michael S. Brown
73%
1984Danish"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies"Niels K. Jerne
73%
1982Swedish"for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances"Sune K. Bergstrom
73%
1974Belgian"for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"Albert Claude
72%
BritishAndrew Fielding Huxley
72%
1906Italian"in recognition of their work on the structure of the nervous system"Camillo Golgi
72%
BelgianChristian de Duve
72%
1909Swiss"for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid gland"Emil Theodor Kocher
72%
West GermanFeodor Lynen
72%
AmericanFerid Murad
72%
AmericanGertrude B. Elion
72%
AmericanHaldan Keffer Hartline
72%
AmericanHarold E. Varmus
72%
2013American"for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"James E. Rothman
72%
BritishJohn James Rickard Macleod
72%
AustralianJ. Robin Warren
72%
FrenchLuc Montagnier
72%
AmericanMartin Rodbell
72%
New Zealander, BritishMaurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins
72%
American, BritishOliver Smithies
72%
1996Australian"for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence"Peter C. Doherty
72%
AmericanPhillip A. Sharp
72%
Canadian"for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity"Ralph M. Steinman
72%
1914Austro-Hungarian"for his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus"Robert Barany
72%
JapaneseShinya Yamanaka
72%
1970British, West German"for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation"Sir Bernard Katz
72%
American, GermanThomas C. Sudhof
72%
1979South African"for the development of computer assisted tomography"Allan M. Cormack
71%
2011American"for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity"Bruce A. Beutler
71%
AmericanGeorge Richards Minot
71%
1961Hungarian"for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea"Georg von Bekesy
71%
FrenchJules A. Hoffmann
71%
1973Austrian"for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behaviour patterns"Karl von Frisch
71%
Polish, SwissTadeus Reichstein
71%
1922British"for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle"Archibald Vivian Hill
70%
1983American"for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"Barbara McClintock
70%
ArgentinianCesar Milstein
70%
AmericanE. Donnall Thomas
70%
1991German"for their discoveries concerning the function of single ion channels in cells"Erwin Neher
70%
FrenchJacques Monod
70%
1952American, Jewish"for his discovery of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective against tuberculosis"Selman Waksman
70%
1978Swiss"for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics"Werner Arber
70%
1957Swiss, Italian"for his discoveries relating to synthetic compounds that inhibit the action of certain body substances, and especially their action on the vascular system and the skeletal muscles"Daniel Bovet
69%
AmericanDaniel Nathans
69%
1972American"for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies"Gerald M. Edelman
69%
BritishJohn R. Vane
69%
1990American"for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease"Joseph E. Murray
69%
1964American, West German"for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism"Konrad Bloch
69%
American"for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones"Rosalyn Yalow
69%
BritishTim Hunt
69%
GermanBert Sakmann
68%
1971American"for his discoveries concerning the mechanisms of the action of hormones"Earl W. Sutherland Jr.
68%
West GermanGeorges J.F. Kohler
68%
AmericanJoseph L. Goldstein
68%
BritishSir Peter Mansfield
68%
BritishAlan Lloyd Hodgkin
67%
AmericanAlfred D. Hershey
67%
1956French"for their discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system"Andre Frederic Cournand
67%
Portuguese"for his discovery of the therapeutic value of leucotomy in certain psychoses"Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz
67%
1955Swedish"for his discoveries concerning the nature and mode of action of oxidation enzymes"Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell
67%
2005Australian"for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease"Barry J. Marshall
67%
AmericanGeorge Wald
67%
1954American"for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue"John Franklin Enders
67%
1968American"for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis"Robert W. Holley
67%
BritishRodney R. Porter
67%
SwissRolf M. Zinkernagel
67%
British"for his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins"Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins
67%
SwedishUlf von Euler
67%
1949Swiss"for his discovery of the functional organization of the interbrain as a coordinator of the activities of the internal organs"Walter Rudolf Hess
67%
1994American"for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells"Alfred G. Gilman
66%
AmericanCarol W. Greider
66%
AmericanHerbert Spencer Gasser
66%
1929Dutch"for his discovery of the antineuritic vitamin"Christiaan Eijkman
65%
1938Belgian"for the discovery of the role played by the sinus and aortic mechanisms in the regulation of respiration"Corneille Jean Francois Heymans
65%
1912French"in recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs"Alexis Carrel
64%
1999American, German"for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell"Gunter Blobel
64%
German"for his discovery of the fixed relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle"Otto Fritz Meyerhof
64%
1931German"for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme"Otto Heinrich Warburg
64%
SwedishBengt I. Samuelsson
63%
Canadian, American"for his discoveries concerning hormonal treatment of prostatic cancer"Charles Brenton Huggins
63%
1950American"for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"Edward Calvin Kendall
63%
1944American"for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibres"Joseph Erlanger
63%
AmericanThomas Huckle Weller
63%
AmericanGeorge H. Hitchings
62%
1910German"in recognition of the contributions to our knowledge of cell chemistry made through his work on proteins, including the nucleic substances"Albrecht Kossel
61%
1935Nazi German"for his discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic development"Hans Spemann
61%
1981American"for his discoveries concerning the functional specialization of the cerebral hemispheres"Roger W. Sperry
60%
1928French"for his work on typhus"Charles Jules Henri Nicolle
59%
AmericanPaul Greengard
59%
AmericanWilliam Parry Murphy
59%
AmericanDickinson W. Richards
58%
American, West German"for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism"Fritz Albert Lipmann
58%
1932British"for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons"Sir Charles Scott Sherrington
58%
FrenchAndre Lwoff
57%
1923Canadian"for the discovery of insulin"Frederick Grant Banting
56%
AmericanPhilip Showalter Hench
56%
Austrian, AmericanEric R. Kandel
55%
1993British"for their discoveries of split genes"Richard J. Roberts
55%
AmericanFrederick Chapman Robbins
54%
AmericanMarshall W. Nirenberg
54%
1995American"for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development"Edward B. Lewis
53%
AmericanHoward Martin Temin
53%
AmericanRandy W. Schekman
53%
AmericanGeorge D. Snell
51%
ItalianSalvador E. Luria
51%
AmericanEdward Lawrie Tatum
50%
1934American"for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anaemia"George Hoyt Whipple
50%
1951American, South African"for his discoveries concerning yellow fever and how to combat it"Max Theiler
50%
Canadian"for their discoveries concerning information processing in the visual system"David H. Hubel
48%
American"for his discoveries concerning genetic recombination and the organization of the genetic material of bacteria"Joshua Lederberg
48%
Argentinian"for his discovery of the part played by the hormone of the anterior pituitary lobe in the metabolism of sugar"Bernardo Alberto Houssay
46%
1958American"for their discovery that genes act by regulating definite chemical events"George Wells Beadle
46%
1930Austrian"for his discovery of human blood groups"Karl Landsteiner
44%
SwedishTorsten N. Wiesel
44%
1926Danish"for his discovery of the Spiroptera carcinoma"Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger
42%
1913French"in recognition of his work on anaphylaxis"Charles Robert Richet
41%
FrenchJean Dausset
41%
AmericanPaul Ehrlich
40%
1967Finnish, Swedish"for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"Ragnar Granit
40%
West GermanWerner Forssmann
40%
1987Japanese"for his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity"Susumu Tonegawa
33%
1927Austrian"for his discovery of the therapeutic value of malaria inoculation in the treatment of dementia paralytica"Julius Wagner-Jauregg
29%
American, CanadianJack W. Szostak
28%
1920Danish"for his discovery of the capillary motor regulating mechanism"Schack August Steenberg Krogh
25%
2008German"for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer"Harald zur Hausen
23%
1924Dutch"for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"Willem Einthoven
23%
BritishGodfrey N. Hounsfield
17%
French"for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"Francoise Barre-Sinoussi
16%
1919Belgian"for his discoveries relating to immunity"Jules Bordet
15%
BritishPeter Brian Medawar
15%
1960Australian"for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance"Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
15%
BritishJohn E. Sulston
11%
DutchNikolaas Tinbergen
11%
1911Swedish"for his work on the dioptrics of the eye"Allvar Gullstrand
7%
1980American, Venezuelan"for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions"Baruj Benacerraf
7%
2003American"for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging"Paul C. Lauterbur
7%
ItalianRita Levi-Montalcini
7%
1997American"for his discovery of Prions - a new biological principle of infection"Stanley B. Prusiner
7%
1908Russian"in recognition of their work on immunity"Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
6%
American, IndianHar Gobind Khorana
4%
1969American, West German"for their discoveries concerning the replication mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"Max Delbruck
4%
Polish-Jewish, Canadian, AmericanAndrew V. Schally
3%
AmericanH. Robert Horvitz
3%
1937Hungarian"for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid"Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi Nagyrapolt
2%
1907French"in recognition of his work on the role played by protozoa in causing diseases"Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
2%
GermanChristiane Nusslein-Volhard
2%
AmericanD. Carleton Gajdusek
2%
AmericanEric F. Wieschaus
2%
American, ItalianRenato Dulbecco
2%
1998American"for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular systemRobert F. Furchgott
1%
1977American, French"for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain"Roger Guillemin
1%

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