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Ethnic Groups and Languages of India (with states as hints)

Enter either ethnic group or language. PS: A few of these languages may be considered dialects of Hindi by the official census. PPS: Indo-Aryan is a group within the Indo-European language family
Quiz by profnick
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Last updated: October 2, 2021
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First submittedMarch 12, 2021
Times taken247
Average score47.4%
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Language Family
Language
Ethnic Group
Number in India
State
Indo-Aryan
Hindi (Hindustani)
Hindi-speakers
460 million
Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar
Indo-Aryan
Bengali
Bengalis
100 million
West Bengal, Tripura, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Indo-Aryan
Marathi
Marathis
83 million
Maharashtra
Dravidian
Telugu
Telugu people
81 million
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Indo-Aryan
Rajasthani languages
Rajasthanis
70 million
Rajasthan
Dravidian
Tamil
Tamils
70 million
Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry
Indo-Aryan
Gujarati
Gujaratis
56 million
Gujarat, Daman and Diu
Indo-Aryan
Bhojpuri (Bihari)
Bhojpuris
51 million
Minority in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
Indo-Aryan
Urdu (Hindustani)
Urdu-speakers
50 million
Muslims
Dravidian
Kannada
Kannadigas
43 million
Karnataka
Indo-Aryan
Maithili (Bihari)
Maithils
40 million
Minority in Bihar and Jharkhand
Indo-Aryan
Odia
Odias
35 million
Odisha
Dravidian
Malayalam
Malayalis
34 million
Kerala, Lakshadweep
Indo-Aryan
Punjabi
Punjabis
33 million
Punjab
Indo-Aryan
Magahi or Khortha (Bihari)
Magahi people
20 million
Jharkhand (largest group - none with majority), also minority in Bihar
Indo-Aryan
Chhattisgarhi (Eastern Hindi)
Chhattisgarhi-speakers
18 million
Chhattisgarh
Indo-Aryan
Bhili (minority)
Bhils
17 million
Dadra and Nagar Haveli (largest group - none with majority), also minority in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and more
Indo-Aryan
Assamese
Assamese people
15 million
Assam
Dravidian
Gondi (minority)
Gondi people
13 million
Minority in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
Austroasiatic
Santali
Santal people
7 million
Minority in Jharkhand and West Bengal
Indo-Aryan
Kashmiri
Kashmiris
6,8 million
Jammu and Kashmir
Indo-Aryan
Sadri (Bihari)
Nagpuris
5 million
Minority in Jharkhand
Indo-Aryan
Awadhi (Eastern Hindi)
Awadhis
3,8 million
Minority in Uttar Pradesh
Indo-Aryan (Sino-Tibetan originally)
Kamtapuri/Rangpuri
Koch-Rajbongshi people
3,4 million
Minority in West Bengal
Indo-Aryan (also Sino-Tibetan ethnicities)
Nepali
Indian Gorkhas (multi-ethnic)
3 million
West Bengal (minority) and Sikkim (majority)
Sino-Tibetan
Naga languages
Naga people (several)
2,7 million
Nagaland and minority in Manipur
Indo-Aryan
Dogri
Dogras
2,5 million
Jammu (in Jammu and Kashmir)
Indo-Aryan
Konkani
Konkani people
2,3 million
Goa (also minority in the city Mangalore in Karnataka)
Austroasiatic
Mundari
Munda people
2,2 million
Minority in Jharkhand and Odisha
Dravidian
Tulu
Tulu people / Tuluvas
1,8 million
Minority in the cities Mangalore (in Karnataka) and Kasaragod (in Kerala)
Sino-Tibetan
Meitei
Meitei people
1,8 million
Manipur
Sino-Tibetan
Mizo-Kuki-Chin languages
Mizo people (several tribes) [Zo people]
1,5 million
Mizoram
Sino-Tibetan
Boro/Bodo
Boro/Bodo people
1,4 million
Bodoland (in Assam)
Austroasiatic
Khasi
Khasi people
1,4 million
Meghalaya (largest group - none with majority)
Sino-Tibetan
Garo
Garos
1,1 million
Garo Hills (in Meghalaya)
Austroasiatic
Ho
Ho people
1 million
Minority in Jharkhand
Sino-Tibetan
Kokborok
Tripuri people
1 million
Tripura (largest after Bengalis)
Sino-Tibetan
Nyishi
Nyishi people
300.000
Arunachal Pradesh (largest group - none with majority)
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