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The Kingdom of Luba and the Kingdom of Lunda were both located within what is now this country.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
This country is named after an empire that existed between 1230 and 1670, what was renowned for the wealth of its rulers.
More pyramids were constructed within what is now this country than anywhere else in the world.
Parts of what are now this country were controlled by the Jolof Empire, with its capital Linguère now located in a department of the same name.
This country was a Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist state between 1969 and 1992.
Republic of the Congo
Before becoming an independent kingdom, this country was known as the Colony of Basutoland.
Bunyoro was one of the most powerful kingdoms in Central Africa between the 13th and 19th centuries, and still exists as one of this country's five traditional Bantu kingdoms.
Before this country became independent, it was known as the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas.
There was a civil war in this country between 1st October 1990 and 18th July 1994, which arose from a long-running dispute between two of the country's largest ethnic groups.
The Kingdom of Dahomey was located within what is now the south of this country.
This country's war of independence was fought between 1954 and 1962, against France.
This country formed from the union of two different countries, and its name is a blend of the names of those countries.
The capital of the Wassoulou Empire, Bissandugu, is now located within this country.
This country was founded by African Americans, and managed to remain independent throughout the Scramble for Africa.
This country existed as an independent kingdom between 1680 and 1890, after which it was a colony of Germany then Belgium until 1962. It then became an independent kingdom again until 1966. In November of that year, the prime minister Michel Micombero abolished the monarchy.
Between 1976 and 1979, this country was known as an empire when the dictator Jean-Bédel Bokassa declared himself an absolute monarch.
Central African Republic
The capital of the Kingdom of Kongo is now located in this country.
The ruins of the city of Carthage can be found in this country.
The Herero and Namaqua genocide, which occurred within what is now this country, was the first genocide of the 20th century. Between 24,000 and 100,000 Hereros and 10,000 Namaqua were killed by the German Empire.
At the beginning of the 20th century, plantations on the island part of this country were controlled by creoles later known as Fernandinos.