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Throughout its existence, this city has been the capital of a kingdom, a republic and an empire. A tiny city-state currently exists within the city.
Beginning with the letter "L", this city is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
A Mayan city, which controlled much of the territory inhabited by the civilisation between c. 200 to 900 AD.
The capital city of Egypt during the Ptolemaic period.
This Indian city was once the capital of the Maurya and Gupta Empires, among others.
Currently the fourth largest city in Sweden, this city (located slightly further north than its original position) was once an important Norse religious site.
A city built by the Norte Chico civilisation of Peru. It is the most ancient city of the Americas.
The last capital of the Kingdom of Kush, located in modern Sudan. Many pyramids can be found at the site.
This city, located in the Valley of Mexico, had a great influence on various Mesoamerican civilisations, both at the time of its existence and after. The Pyramid of the Sun is the site's largest structure.
A major Sumerian city and the namesake of a period in the history of Mesopotamia. According to legend, Gilgamesh ruled over the city in the 27th century BC.
This city served as the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire after it was built by Darius the Great.
Founded by the Phoenicians, this city later became the capital of a large Mediterranean empire. Another great power of the ancient Mediterranean, mentioned elsewhere in the quiz, eventually took control of the city.
Located near to Lake Titicaca in western Bolivia, this city was the capital of a civilisation (both the city and the civilisation share the same name). The most famous monument at the site is probably the Gate of the Sun.
A city, located in what is now Ethiopia, that shares its name with the kingdom or empire that it was the capital of. Several tall stelae or obelisks can be found at the site.
This English city was originally founded by the Romans, though people had occupied the site beforehand. It served as a capital of the Kingdom of Northumbria and of the British territory held by the Vikings. The city is probably most famous for its minster.
This city, located within the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, was once the capital of the Sabaeans and subsequently the Himyarite Kingdom. Despite the fact that these two civilisations no longer exist, the city still functions as a capital.
This city, while no longer a capital today, served as the capital of various civilisations between the 4th century and the early 20th century. It is one of a small number of cities that are transcontinental.
One of the many city-states or poleis of Ancient Greece, it was located on the isthmus that joins the Peloponnese to the Greek mainland. It is also the namesake of one of the classical orders of architecture.
One of the major cities of the Indus Valley civilisation. It is divided into two parts: the Citadel and the Lower City.
The first capital city of the Zapotec civilisation, located on a ridge in the Valley of Oaxaca.