History Quiz: The Silk Road

Guess the answers to these questions relating to the Silk Road.
Quiz by MaxStickies
Last updated: November 1, 2020
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First submittedMarch 24, 2020
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1. What were caravanserais?
Camel saddles
Large caravans
They were large roadside inns that were dotted along the Silk Road, as well as the Achaemenid Empire's Royal Road and the Indian Grand Trunk Road.
2. The Silk Road's northern route started at which Chinese city?
At the time it was known as Chang'an and it was once the capital of China.
3. The Silk Road divided into northern and southern routes to bypass the centre of which desert?
These routes bypassed the central part of the desert in addition to the salt lake Lop Nur. The desert is known for its extreme temperature differences, from below −20 °C and up to 40 °C.
4. Which Uzbek city along the Silk Road was the capital of the Timurid Empire?
Timur rebuilt most of the city and populated it with great artisans and craftsmen from across his empire.
5. Which of these is sometimes referred to as the "New Silk Road"?
Trans-Siberian Highway
Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline
Eurasian Land Bridge
It is a rail transport route which connects seaports in the Russian Far East and China to seaports in Europe.
6. Which civilisation dominated the East-West trade along the Silk Road between the 4th and 8th centuries?
Sasanian Empire
They were protected by the Göktürks and later by the Uyghur Khaganate.
7. Which of these was the most important city along the Silk Road between 767 and 912?
This was after the Abbasid dynasty had built the city. Before this, Damascus had been the most important city.
8. Which of these wasn't a precursor to the Silk Road?
Royal Road
Steppe Route
Cursus publicus
Central Eurasia was home to many horse riding and breeding communities, and they would use the Steppe Route for trade. While the westernmost sections of the Royal Road may have been built by Assyrian kings, it was the Persian king Darius the Great who reorganised and rebuilt the route, which allowed for rapid communication throughout the Achaemenid empire. The cursus publicus was the courier and transportation service of the Roman Empire.
9. Մետաքսի ճանապարհ is the name of the Silk Road in which language?
The Hebrew name is דרך המשי while the Turkmen name is Ýüpek ýoly.
10. Which of these travellers travelled along (at least a part of) the Silk Road before Marco Polo?
Ibn Battuta
William of Rubruck
Odoric of Pordenone
He was a Christian missionary who travelled throughout the Mongol Empire between 1253 and 1255, whereas Marco Polo's travels occurred between 1271 and 1295. Ibn Battuta's travels occurred between 1325 and 1354.
11. Which of these did the Maritime Silk Road not encompass?
Persian Gulf
Black Sea
Bay of Bengal
In the west, the Maritime Silk Road went no further north than Egypt.
12. Which of these is an alternative name for the Southwest Silk Road?
Jade Cattle Road
Silk Poultry Road
Tea Horse Road
It consisted of a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains in Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet. It was called the Tea Horse Road because of the commonplace trade of Tibetan ponies for Chinese tea. The route was also important for the role it played in the spread of Buddhism between China and South Asia.
13. Which form of Christianity travelled along the Silk Road, reaching as far as China?
Eastern Orthodox Church
Nestorianism started with the teachings of the Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius. His teachings were condemned as heretical at the Council of Ephesus in 431, after which many of his supporters relocated to the Sasanian Empire. From here, missionaries travelled along the Silk Road eastwards into Asia.
14. Which archaeological site, once a city along the Silk Road, is located in China?
The ruins can be found in Xinjiang, within the Taklamakan Desert. The ruins of Taxila can be found in Pakistan, within a modern city of the same name, while Nisa can be found eighteen kilometres southwest of Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan.
15. Which of these Silk Road cities was a major centre for Buddhist learning?
The city contained many Buddhist monastery temples, until it was captured by an Arab army of the Umayyad Caliphate in the 7th century.
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