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History Quiz: True or False? #4

Guess whether these statements about history are true or false.
Quiz by MaxStickies
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Last updated: November 20, 2021
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First submittedSeptember 26, 2021
Times taken56
Average score60.0%
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1. Ur, in Mesopotamia, was originally a coastal city.
True
False
It was situated near the mouth of the Euphrates.
2. Oliver Cromwell was distantly related to Thomas Cromwell, the chief minister to Henry VIII.
True
False
Thomas Cromwell was his great, great grand-uncle.
3. Ibn Battuta was born in what is now Algeria.
True
False
He was born in Tangier (Morocco) in 1304, which was then part of the Marinid Sultanate.
4. The phrase spoken by J. Robert Oppenheimer, "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds", is originally from an ancient Egyptian myth.
True
False
It is from the Bhagavad Gita, a Hindu text.
5. The city of Athens was largely destroyed at the end of the Peloponnesian War.
True
False
Corinth and Thebes demanded for the city to be destroyed, yet the Spartans refused to do so, due to the city's role in defending Greece in the past. However, the walls were removed, and the city-state lost its fleet and overseas possessions.
6. Brazil was, for a time, the seat of the Portuguese Empire.
True
False
It became the seat of the empire in 1808, when John VI fled Portugal as it was being invaded by Napoleon. The royal family returned to Portugal in 1821. The king left his son Pedro to rule Brazil as regent; the following year, Pedro declared the independence of Brazil and became the nation's first emperor.
7. Genghis Khan allowed all religions to exist within his empire, except Christianity and Islam.
True
False
Although he was a Tengrist, Genghis Khan was largely tolerant of other religions and consulted with Buddhist monks, Muslims, Christian missionaries and a Taoist monk. However, he did forbid Halal butchering.
8. At its zenith, Teotihuacan was one of the world's largest cities.
True
False
From 1 AD to 500 AD, the city was home to between 100,000 and 200,000 people, making it the largest city in the Americas and the sixth largest city in the world at the time.
9. By 1832, most of the indigenous people of Tasmania had been killed.
True
False
The deaths occurred during what is known as the Black War, which lasted from the mid-1820s to 1832. There were thought to be around 1000 Aboriginal Tasmanians alive before the conflict, and it has been estimated that around 900 of them had been killed by either disease or settlers. Today, however, there are between somewhere 6,000 and 23,572 people alive today who are of Tasmanian Aboriginal descent.
10. The first ruler of Normandy was called William.
True
False
The first ruler of Normandy was Rollo. He was a Viking, and he led the Danes in the Siege of Chartres in 911. After failing to capture the city, the Danes were pursued by the West Frankish cavalry led by their king Charles the Simple. The Vikings made a defensive wall out of slaughtered livestock, which scared the Frankish horses and forced Charles to open negotiations with Rollo. Seeing the Danes as potential allies, Charles gave them lands between the mouth of the Seine and what would become Rouen; in return, he had Rollo swear allegiance to him, and also made Rollo convert to Christianity. Rollo went by the title Count of Normandy, and was succeeded by his son William Longsword.
11. Some Indus Valley Civilisation sites have been discovered in Afghanistan.
True
False
These sites are thought to have been trading colonies. Shortugai, established around 2000 BC in what is now the Darqad District of northern Afghanistan, is the northernmost Indus Valley settlement yet found. It was located close to lapis lazuli mines, and it may have had connections with tin and camel trades. Evidence of farming has also been found nearby.
12. Costa Rica was occupied by the U.S. during the early 20th century.
True
False
Nicaragua was, however (1912 to 1933).
13. Cusco was founded by Pachacuti in 1453.
True
False
The Killke culture occupied the region that would become Cusco from 900 to 1200. They were the people who constructed the fortress of Sacsayhuamán, which was later expanded by the Inca when they occupied the complex in the 13th century. The Inca then slowly built the city of Cusco during the following centuries.
14. Madagascar has transitioned through four republics since gaining its independence from France.
True
False
The Malagasy Republic was founded in 1958 as an autonomous republic and became fully independent in 1960. It existed until 1975, when it was replaced by the socialist Democratic Republic of Madagascar. After this, there was the Third Republic of Madagascar, which existed from 1992 to 2010. In 2010, the country adopted a new constitution and became the current Republic of Madagascar.
15. The last Communist leader of Romania now lives in Russia.
True
False
Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife Elena were executed by firing squad in 1989.
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