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This country was the centre of an empire that existed from the 950s to 1865.
In 1938, this country was home to 15,000 Japanese but only 6,000 of the native people.
Ieremia Tabai became the first president of this country in 1979, at the age of 29, which made him the youngest head of state in the Commonwealth of Nations.
The island group that makes up this country was known as the New Hebrides between 1906 and 1980, and was divided into an English and a French community.
During the Flagstaff War, which occurred in this country, the chief Hōne Heke challenged the authority of the British by cutting down the flagstaff on Flagstaff Hill.
This country's largest island is named after the explorer who sighted it on 24th November 1642, which made him the first European to reach it.
Following two wars and a standoff in-between, involving the United States, British Empire and German Empire, the archipelago that this country is a part of was partitioned into a German colony and a United States territory as a result of the Tripartite Convention of 1899.
Nuclear bombs were detonated on one of this country's islands, as part of Operation Crossroads and Operation Castle.
Between 1884 and 1914, what is now the northern part of this country was part of a German protectorate while the southern part was a British protectorate.
Papua New Guinea
When this country became independent on 31st January 1968, it became the world's smallest independent republic.
The Battle of Guadalcanal was fought in this country.
The Saudeleur dynasty ruled one of the islands of this country between c. 1100 and c. 1628. Nan Madol was the dynasty's capital.
Federated States of Micronesia
This country was a kingdom from 1871 to 1874, ruled by Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau.
This country was known as the Ellice Islands prior to 1978.