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Countries by Former Name (HARD!)

Can you guess these countries based on their former name?
Partially inspired by this quiz from Jiaozira: https://www.jetpunk.com/user-quizzes/149667/countries-by-former-name
This IS intended to be a comprehensive list! Please let me know if there are any that I missed!
Quiz by JohnnyYeet
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Last updated: October 26, 2022
First submittedMarch 12, 2021
Times taken1,170
Average score39.1%
Rating4.74
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Former Name
Current Name
Abyssinia
Ethiopia
Alash Autonomy
Kazakhstan
Annam
Vietnam
Arbanon
Albania
Arran
Azerbaijan
Austrian Netherlands
Belgium
Barune
Brunei
Basutoland
Lesotho
Batavia
Netherlands
Bechuanaland
Botswana
Bessarabia
Moldova
Bilad al-Sham
Syria
Bohemia
Czech Republic
British East Africa
Kenya
British Honduras
Belize
British North America
Canada
Burma
Myanmar
Byelorussia
Belarus
Camajuya
Grenada
Cape Colony
South Africa
Carniola
Slovenia
Catara
Qatar
Cathay
China
Ceylon
Sri Lanka
Chrobatia
Croatia
Cisplatina
Uruguay
Civitas Schinesghe
Poland
Comayagua
Honduras
Cossackia
Ukraine
Côte de Dents
Ivory Coast
Cuzcatlan
El Salvador
Dahomey
Benin
Dardania
Kosovo
Dheeva Mahal
Maldives
Durrani Empire
Afghanistan
Dutch Guiana
Suriname
Dutch East Indies
Indonesia
East Francia
Germany
East Pakistan
Bangladesh
El Falcon
St. Lucia
Ellice Islands
Tuvalu
Enchanted Islands
Palau
Feejee
Fiji
Formosa
Taiwan
French Somaliland
Djibouti
French Sudan
Mali
French Togoland
Togo
Friendly Islands
Tonga
Gaul
France
German East Africa
Tanzania
Gilbert Islands
Kiribati
Gold Coast
Ghana
Gorkha Kingdom
Nepal
Hejaz and Nejd
Saudi Arabia
Helvetic Republic
Switzerland
Hibernia
Ireland
Hieros Kolpos
Kuwait
Hindustan
India
Hispania
Spain
Horion Bosona
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ichirouganaim
Barbados
Ifriqiya
Tunisia
Intendencia of León
Nicaragua
Isla Juana
Cuba
Isle de France
Mauritius
Judea
Israel
Kamerun
Cameroon
Kampuchea
Cambodia
Kibris
Cyprus
Kirghizia
Kyrgyzstan
Klein-Venedig
Venezuela
Lan Xang
Laos
Lho Mon
Bhutan
Liamuiga
St. Kitts and Nevis
Lucilinburhuc
Luxembourg
Lusitania
Portugal
Former Name
Current Name
Macedonia
North Macedonia
Magan
Oman
Mahdist State
Sudan
Malagasy Republic
Madagascar
Malaya
Malaysia
Mamluk Sultanate
Egypt
Mauretania Tingitana
Morocco
Medri Bahri
Eritrea
Melita
Malta
Mesopotamia
Iraq
Middle Congo
Rep. of the Congo
Monoikos
Monaco
New Carthage
Costa Rica
New Castile
Peru
New Extremadura
Chile
New Granada
Colombia
New Hebrides
Vanuatu
New Holland
Australia
New Spain
Mexico
Norðmanna Land
Norway
Northern Rhodesia
Zambia
Nova Zeelandia
New Zealand
Nyasaland
Malawi
Onoguria
Bulgaria
Orungu
Gabon
Österland
Finland
Ostmark
Austria
Ottoman Empire
Turkey
Pannonia
Hungary
Pepper Coast
Liberia
Persia
Iran
Phoenicia
Lebanon
Pleasant Island
Nauru
Portuguese East Africa
Mozambique
Portuguese Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese West Africa
Angola
Province of Freedom
Sierra Leone
Rascia
Serbia
Regency of Algiers
Algeria
Rio de la Plata
Argentina
Ruanda
Rwanda
Saint-Domingue
Haiti
Siam
Thailand
Snæland
Iceland
South Arabia
Yemen
South West Africa
Namibia
Southern Rhodesia
Zimbabwe
Spanish East Indies
Philippines
Spanish Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Spanish Haiti
Dominican Republic
Swaziland
Eswatini
Syonan-to
Singapore
Terra de Santa Cruz
Brazil
Thirteen Colonies
United States
Tierra Firme
Panama
Transjordan
Jordan
Tripolitania
Libya
Trucial States
United Arab Emirates
Tsardom of Muscovy
Russia
Ubangi-Shari
Central African Republic
Urartu
Armenia
Urundi
Burundi
Upper Hungary
Slovakia
Upper Peru
Bolivia
Upper Volta
Burkina Faso
Wa
Japan
Wadadli and Wa'omoni
Antigua and Barbuda
Wai‘tu kubuli
Dominica
Wallachia and Moldavia
Romania
Wehali
East Timor
Western Samoa
Samoa
Xaymaca
Jamaica
Youloumain
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Zaire
D. R. Congo
Zeta
Montenegro
+1
Level 55
Jan 2, 2022
Thanks to everyone for so many nominations!
+1
Level 71
Mar 13, 2021
Needs more time
+2
Level 55
Mar 13, 2021
Added a minute
+2
Level 74
Mar 13, 2021
perfect
+2
Level 56
Dec 30, 2021
Assyria is now mostly in Iraq, Turkey etc.. Only a small part was in Syria. Syria was known then as Aram.
+3
Level 67
Dec 30, 2021
If you need more:

British North America for Canada (used after the USA gained independence)

Hibernia for Ireland (Roman name, idk if it was ever used locally)

Wa for Japan

Upper Peru for Bolivia

Lusitania for Portugal (again, Roman name and idk if it was ever used locally)

+3
Level 61
Dec 30, 2021
Nice ideas, I like them.

As for Lusitania: I think it has been in use, and could still be. I've read a classical Portuguese epic poem by Camões, and though I read it in translation, I know the original title is Os Lusíadas, and "lusitano" is a word frequently used in it. So I guess you are right.

+2
Level 74
Dec 31, 2021
Great quiz *chef's kiss*
+1
Level 55
Dec 31, 2021
Here's quite a few suggestions:

Afghanistan - Sadozai Kingdom

Algeria - Algiers

Armenia - Urartu

Argentina - Rio de la Plata

Barbados - Ichirouganaim

Brazil - Terra de Santa Cruz

Croatia - Chrobatia

Cuba - Isla Juana

Cyprus - Land of Ia'

Dominican Republic - Spanish Haiti

Finland - Österland

Grenada - Camajuya

Honduras - Comayagua (Spanish province named after the city)

Iceland - Snæland

Israel - Judea

Jamaica - Xaymaca

Japan - Yamato

Kosovo - Dardania

Lebanon - Phoenicia / Phoenice

Liberia - Pepper Coast

Luxembourg - Lucilinburhuc

Malaysia - Malaya

Maldives - Dheeva Mahal

Montenegro - Zeta

Nauru - Pleasant Island

Poland - Civitas Schinesghe

Qatar - Catara

Rwanda - Ruanda

St. Lucia - El Falcon

Samoa - Western Samoa

Serbia - Rascia

Slovakia - Upper Hungary

Slovenia - Carniola

Spain - Hispania

Syria - Sham

Tonga - Friendly Islands

Tunisia - Ifriqiya

Venezuela - Klein-Venedig / Little Venice / Welserland

+1
Level 55
Jan 3, 2022
Here's a couple more:

Bhutan - Lho Mon

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Horion Bosona

Brunei - Barune

Bulgaria - Onoguria

Chile - New Extremadura

Costa Rica - New Carthago

Rep. of the Congo - Middle Congo

East Timor - Wehali

El Salvador - Cuzcatlan

Fiji - Feejee

Gabon - Orungu

Hungary - Pannonia

Ivory Coast - Côte de Dents

Kuwait - Hieros Kolpos

Libya - Eyalet of Tripolitania

Mauritius - Isle de France

Monaco - Monoikos

Morocco - Mauretania Tingitana

New Zealand - Nova Zeelandia

Nicaragua - Intendencia of León

Norway - Norðmanna Land

Palau - Enchanted Islands

Panama - Realm of Tierra Firme

Peru - New Castile

Russia - (Grand Principality/Tsardom of) Muscovy

Sierra Leone - Province of Freedom

Togo - French Togoland

Turkey - Ottoman Empire

United States - Thirteen Colonies

+1
Level 55
Jan 7, 2022
😳
+1
Level 55
Jan 7, 2022
That's a lot! Thanks so much!
+1
Level 59
Jan 1, 2022
Assyria = Iraq
+1
Level 55
Jan 2, 2022
Thank you all so much for the ideas! I have added the terms suggested by all of you to the quiz. Please feel free to let me know if there are still any mistakes or names I left out.
+1
Level 37
Apr 6, 2022
I thought that "Batavia" was the former name of Jakarta, (the capital of Indonesia), while Indonesia was known as the Dutch East Indies. I've never heard of the NL being referred to as Batavia.
+1
Level 55
Apr 7, 2022
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batavian_Republic
+1
Level 71
Apr 12, 2022
That was really fun! Totally worth ignoring my Biochemistry lecture to play this :) Nominated!