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Small but Famous in Germany

These cities or villages are rather small, but for some reason they are well known - at least to people in Germany. Can you guess them?
Some of the answers are not quite cities but well known locations. It's indicated in the questions.
As a hint you get the first character of each answer and the population of the searched city
Source: Wikipedia / Thumbnail: JoachimKohlerBremen, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
The thumbnail shows the actual home of the "Prophets" in Question A
Quiz by Djinsasa
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Last updated: April 17, 2024
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First submittedApril 15, 2021
Times taken333
Average score26.9%
Rating4.67
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Hint
Description
Answer
Population
A
Not only when it comes to elections, the "prophets" in this small town on Lake Constance are present in the media
Allensbach
7,084
B
A satirical conspiracy theory got viral that says, this city dosn't actually exist.
Bielefeld
334,195
C
Small municipality consisting of three islands in the third largest lake in Germany, which has the same name
Chiemsee
203
D
In this city, also known for a music festival, two small creeks join to start the 2nd longest river in Europe
Donaueschingen
22,118
E
This little city was the scene of the biggest accident in the history of high speed trains. 101 people died when an ICE train derailed due to a broken wheel
Eschede
5,739
F
In Germany you get points for traffic offences, stored in this city (i.e. the registration authority is located there)
Flensburg
90,164
G
This town is the scene of continuing protests against nuclear waste deposal since more than 30 years
Gorleben
602
H
This subdivision of a small municipality in southern Germany is the home of a rural soccer club that successfully moved up to the first national league after being sponsored by a citizen and founder of an internationally operating software company.
Hoffenheim
3,266
I
German city of gemstones
Idar Oberstein
28,520
J
This city gave its name to a shock- and heat-resistant glass used in scientific and technological applications, especially in chemistry.
Jena
111,343
K
A fast breeder reactor, built in this small town, made it the target of many anti-nuclear activists in the 80s, who successfully prevented it from being put into operation. Today, the site is home to an amusement park.
Kalkar
13,884
L
Birthplace of German's most successful tennis star, nickname "Bobbele".
Leimen
27,044
M
City and brand of fine chinaware
Meißen
28,282
N
It's not a city, it's a valley, finding place and name giver to an extinct species of archaic humans
Neandertal
n/a
O
This is what Houston is for the US: the location of the german space center
Oberpfaffenhofen
1,278
P
This village gained sad fame in World War II as construction site of the Nazi's V2 rocket
Peenemünde
345
Q
The scenic center of this city with medieval framework buildings is a UNESCO world heritage site and one of the major tourist spots in Germany (maybe not too famous, but hey, find a better one with Q...)
Quedlinburg
23,798
R
This town hosts the biggest fun park in Germany, the Europa-Park with a daily visitor count more than twice the number of inhabitants
Rust
4,258
S
Got a sharp knife in your kitchen or even an antique sword? It possibly was manufactured in this city
Solingen
159,245
T
Due to the most embarrassing construction faults in german history while building a new airport, this old airport had to manage more than twice the volume of its designated capacity (and it did!). Its popular name is also the district where the old airport was located.
Tegel
36,764
U
Birthplace of Albert Einstein and location of the worlds tallest church (at least until Barcelona's Sagrada Familia eventually is finished...)
Ulm
126,790
V
This city is famous for the world's only completely preserved ironworks from the heyday of industrialization, which has been part of the UNESCO world heritage as an industrial monument since 1994.
Völklingen
40.192
W
Goethe, Schiller, Nietzsche, Liszt...
Weimar
65.228
X
Is there really a german city starting with X? Yes, there is one!
Xanten
21,607
Y
Y is a very rare letter in German and there is only one district in Chemnitz and one village in the Black Forest that begin with Y. Do you know at least one of them?
Yorkgebiet / Yach
9,000 / 1,034
Z
This is the city where the most famous (eastern) german automobile was produced: the "Trabbi".
Zwickau
88,690
12 Comments
+1
Level 66
Apr 15, 2021
Nice quiz! Not being German, I only knew a small number, but I liked the hints.
+1
Level 69
Apr 17, 2024
I only got 1, the N but nice idea for a quiz. You got a spelling error in the intro btw, geht instead of get.

I recognise only a few others, b, w (I think..) and x sort of, I was close I ended it with ia instead of en.

For w, a more useful clue for some might be that it shares its name with a dogbreed.

Never heard of the train accident, but looking through the answers I saw the Name Eschede, at first I thought there might be an error (in a split second) cause the Netherlands have a city called Enschede too. And it is reasonably close to the border (haha I just looked it up on wikipedia to see if the incident I'll mention in a moment is mentioned on the english page, and noticed that the name actually means near the border, never knew!). Then I saw the different spelling, but the bizarre thing is, Enschede is the location of the biggest firework disaster (In the netherlands, but also one of the biggest worldwide*)

+1
Level 69
Apr 17, 2024
* It had 23 deaths and 1000 wounded. If you go by deaths it is about 10th worldwide (where the explosion of the fireworks is the direct cause, not fire caused by one or a few pieces of firework. If a house burns down because of a cigaret, you don't say a cigaret killed them, but fire). If you include injured it is nr 1.

Also 400 homes got destroyed and 1500 buildings damaged. It turned 1250 people homeless (did not know these numbers beforehand) It could be felt 60 kilometers away.

This was early 2000 btw, so not that long after the trainincident in Eschede... not very lucky that name those years.

+1
Level 62
Apr 17, 2024
I remember well the "firework" in Enschede, it was a big media event also in Germany (but the city is not in Germany...).

The train accident shocked Germany, as until then trains were considered the epitome of safety, especially the ICE. That's why this tiny village has burned itself into the German consciousness.

And for W: I think the common place of residence of Goethe, Schiller, Nietzsche and Liszt (and many other celebrities) is far better known, at least in Germany, than the corresponding dog breed. I think I'll leave it as it is.

But thank you nonetheless for your thoughts and the correction (fixed it)!

+1
Level 67
Apr 23, 2024
I feel Bielefeld may be a bit big for this quiz, as it is one of the biggest cities in Germany.

But this is only a minor complain, best quiz I saw in weeks :)

+1
Level 53
Apr 23, 2024
It's called the Yorckgebiet, not York.
+1
Level 88
Apr 23, 2024
Boris Becker isn't Germany's most successful tennis star. He's a distant 2nd to Stefii Graf.

On every important metric, Graf was far more successful.

Grand Slam Tournaments: 22 > 6

Australian Open: 4 > 2

French Open: 6 > 0

Wimbledon: 7 > 3

US Open: 5 > 1

Total Tiles: 107 > 49

Weeks ranked No.1: 377 > 12

Year Ending No. 1: 8 > 0

Win Rate: 88.7% > 76.9%

Graf even won all 4 grand slams (and the Olympic gold medal) in the same year in 1988. And is the only player to have won each slam at least 4 times.

Boris was a great player but Steffi's achievements tower above his.

+1
Level 20
Apr 26, 2024
Their birthplaces are only ~20 km away from each other
+1
Level 77
Apr 23, 2024
Shoutout Gravity's Rainbow
+1
Level 49
Apr 23, 2024
11/26 :)

But I'm german :(

+2
Level 71
Apr 24, 2024
This was fun, thank you! I got six (two of which I've visited), though I don't live in Germany. I've challenged a German friend to do this quiz and see how many he gets :)
+1
Level 20
Apr 26, 2024
I'm German, I've got 19 – that's not quite good, not bad, I think so.

But I'm sure its avery good quiz!