Native British Trees

They're big and they're everywhere.
You can argue some of them are shrubs if you like.
For simplicity, most are the basic type of tree, not exact species (eg poplar not black poplar).
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Last updated: March 16, 2020
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First submittedMarch 16, 2020
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A symbol of England. The future king Charles II hid in one to avoid Cromwell's soldiers.
English Oak
Its flowers appear early in spring, before its leaves. Its fruit is the sour sloe, used in sloe gin.
Also known as 'May' because that's when its flowers appear, this tree is rather spiky.
Its twigs have opposite black buds. Many are currently suffering from 'dieback' disease.
These trees have very smooth bark, and long thin buds. The name sounds like a word for 'shoreline'.
These feature in Constable's paintings of Suffolk, but many died from a disease in the 1970s.
English Elm
These usually live next to water. They have hard cone-like catkins and boxing-glove shape buds.
These can regrow from a stick stuck in damp ground. One species is used to make cricket bats.
Not native but long naturalised, this tree has a maple-like leaf and helicoptering seeds.
This species has huge sticky buds in spring, and produces shiny brown fruits in a spiny case.
Horse chestnut
Our native maple, often found in hedges. Its leaves turn beautiful colours in autumn.
Field maple
One of our few native evergreens, this tree has dark green needles and bright red fruits.
You might see this on the fringes of a heathland. It has pale peeling bark and long catkins.
Silver birch
Squirrels particularly like this tree: it produces lots of nuts. It used to be coppiced for poles.
Two drinks can be made from this tree: from the flowers in summer, and the berries in autumn.
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