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Biggest Cities once in the German Empire

Name the most populous modern-day cities whose territory was once part of the German Empire!
Definition: includes the so called "Second" and "Third Reich" because since then the different German states became one nation state (Proclamation of the German Empire in 1871).
source: www.citypopulation.de / using city proper population
sources for territories: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German-occupied_Europe / https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_colonial_empire
including expansion during WWII considering every city under de-facto German occupation which excludes Vichy France
Quiz by Arang
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Last updated: January 25, 2023
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First submittedJuly 15, 2020
Times taken3,240
Average score58.3%
Rating4.07
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Population
City
6,165,279
Qīngdăo
4,364,541
Dar es Salaam
3,677,472
Berlin
2,952,301
Kiev
2,768,400
Douala
2,765,600
Yaoundé
2,173,800
Lomé
2,145,906
Paris
Population
City
2,009,786
Minsk
1,931,593
Vienna
1,860,281
Warsaw
1,853,935
Hamburg
1,752,286
Budapest
1,487,708
Munich
1,421,125
Kharkiv
1,371,498
Milan
Population
City
1,345,562
Copenhagen
1,301,432
Prague
1,166,763
Belgrade
1,133,307
Rostov-on-Don
1,114,745
Amsterdam
1,073,096
Cologne
1,054,111
Voronezh
1,010,537
Odessa
+5
Level 65
Jul 15, 2020
nice quiz. Arguably Qingdao belongs here as well as a German concession from 1898 until WW1.
+3
Level 66
Jul 15, 2020
Oh thanks :) will change it soon. Had my problems with these tiny and complicated Chinese territories ...
+4
Level 46
Aug 4, 2021
Kigali? Wikipedia tells me it has 1132686 or 859332 (urban) people and Rwanda was part of Germany before WWI. Bujumbura, Frankfurt, Brussels and Mwanza may also be candidates
+1
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
Now changed it into cities with at least a million people.
+8
Level 85
Dec 16, 2021
Germany occupied northern Italy -- Milan should be here, and possibly Turin.
+2
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
You're absolutely right. Changed the whole quiz now a little bit.
+5
Level 56
Jul 25, 2022
It's a nice quiz but "German empire" really means Germany during the time when it had an emperor - which ended in 1918.
+2
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
Put in a definition for German empire for this quiz.
+2
Level 72
Jul 29, 2022
One could plausibly argue that the Frankish Empire was German, or that the HRE was. What about the Hapsburg Monarchy? None of these really matter if you are only looking at a specific state, but drawing from both the Second and Third Reichs really implies you're going to include the First as well, unless you explicitly say you aren't. Then you run into the problem that the First Reich could be defined as all three states I mentioned, because to some degree they were (very) separate phases of the same overall entity.

As for the occupied territory, your source is showing the "territory at its greatest extent", which is decided *not* "all territory occupied". As hwes pointed out, for example, as the Italian state collapsed, Germany moved in to occupy much of northern Italy, but by that time they had lost huge parts of the east so their overall territory was much smaller. This was also true for (some) other Axis members, although that probably wouldn't matter for this quiz.

+1
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
Changed the description of the quiz.
+3
Level 64
Dec 22, 2022
There's a pretty big difference between the German Empire and the German Reich. I would at least redefine the meaning for "German Empire" for this quiz
+2
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
Redefined it! :)
+3
Level 59
Dec 22, 2022
The current description, with a link to the Wikipedia map of the Third Reich, is helpful. However, it makes it seem that that is the only territory under consideration. You should make a similar link to the German colonial empire, since that is also territory that is under consideration here.

Perhaps this is the link to use: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_colonial_empire

+3
Level 66
Jan 25, 2023
Indeed it would be helpful. Put it in! :)
+3
Level 62
Jun 12, 2023
Good work, great idea.
+2
Level 60
Jun 14, 2023
Nice quiz. I never would have gotten the non-European cities, although missing Cologne was definitely silly.
+2
Level 76
Feb 7, 2024
hello. I would like to point out that the total population of Paris is much higher. You use the numbers for metropolitan areas for all other cities but not for Paris. It should be closer to 11-12 million people. In general a very nice quiz. Thank you.
+2
Level 65
Feb 7, 2024
Great quiz! What about Tianjin? Didn't Germany have a concession there?
+1
Level 66
Feb 10, 2024
I researched this and you're actually right. Changed!