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Etymologies

Which languages are the following words derived from?
Many words are derived from more than one language (eg. from Latin via French). I have tried to limit the choices so that only one option is correct for each word. In most cases we are looking for the direct etymology.
Etymologies according to collinsdictionary.com
Quiz by JonOfKent
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Last updated: February 16, 2023
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First submittedJanuary 5, 2023
Times taken20
Average score60.0%
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1. Cipher
Greek
Arabic
German
Esperanto
From the Arabic صفر (sifr), 'zero', via mediaeval Latin and French
2. Shampoo
Hindi
Dutch
Russian
Javanese
From a Hindi word meaning 'knead' (when applied to muscles)
3. Yacht
Turkish
Greek
Serbo-Croat
Dutch
From the Dutch jagen, 'chase' or 'hunt'
4. Ketchup
Chinese
Japanese
Bengali
Brummie
From kōe 'seafood' + tsiap 'sauce', kōetsiap, 'brine of pickled fish'. Someone really needs to write to Mr. Heinz.
5. Bimbo
Portuguese
Spanish
Italian
Rhaeto-Romansch
The Italian for 'baby' - weirdly in the masculine form.
6. Galore
Breton
Welsh
Gaelic
French
From Gaelic, Scottish gu leòr, Irish go leór, 'enough'
7. Commando
Greek
Italian
Spanish
Afrikaans
Ultimately derived from the Latin for (surprise surprise) 'command'
8. Corgi
Welsh
Italian
Arabic
Chinese
From cor, 'dwarf' + gi, 'dog'
9. Penguin
Maori
Khoekhoe (Khoisan)
Caiwá
Welsh
Yes it's Welsh again! Well, probably. From pen, 'head', and gwyn, 'white'. The name was originally applied to the now-extinct Great Auk
10. Champagne
Klingon
Urdu
High Atlas Berber
French
Well duh.
2 Comments
+1
Level 63
Mar 15, 2024
Great quiz!
+1
Level 56
Mar 16, 2024
Thank you!