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A level Physical Geography: Coasts Part 1

Made this quiz with my benefit in mind but you are welcome to try it
Sorry if some of the vocab is different to what you use
From Edexcel exam board
Will try to update as i get further through the course
Quiz by CharlieRich16
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Last updated: October 13, 2022
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First submittedFebruary 20, 2021
Times taken97
Average score26.2%
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The cross sectional shape of a coastline
Profile
The shape and form of coastal landscapes and their features
Morphology
Saturated rock and sediment 'slumps' downwards under rotational movement
Slumping
When erosional processes are selective and erode weaker areas of cliff quicker than others
Differential Erosion
The movement of weathered material down a slope as a result of gravity
Mass Movement
Type of rock formed only under pressure with moderate to fast erosion rates
Sedimentary
Type of rock formed under pressure and heat with slow ersosion rates
Metamorphic
Coast that has been inundated by the sea
Submergent
Energy and matter can enter and leave the system
Open
Pebbles and sand are consistently thrown at the base of the cliff
Abrasion
Waves force air to be trapped in cracks within the cliff profile. Constant pressure causes the rock to crack and break apart
Hydraulic Action
Physical features of rocks, usually formed through tectonic activity
Structure
Type of rock formed under pressure with very slow erosion rates
Igneous
Upward folds in rock strata
Anticlines
A combination of lithology and structure affecting the rate of process
Differential Denundation
The angle at which the rock strata lies
Dips
Small stones, pebbles and silt bounce along the sea bed
Saltation
Dissolved minerals are carried by the sea
Solution
When cliff profiles are composed of alkaline rocks, weak acids in seawater can dissolve them
Corrosion
Large boulders and pebbles are rolled along the sea bed
Traction
A view showing the layout of a landscape from above
Plan
Hint
Answer
As pieces of rock material are transported by waves, rock particles are worn down
Attrition
Energy and matter cannot enter or leave the system
Closed
Word meaning 'over time'
Temporal
Layers of rock
Strata
Gradual breakdown of rock at, or close to the ground surface
Weathering
The general characteristics of the rocks in a particular area
Lithology
The movement of material along a coast by waves approaching the beach at an angle
Longshore Drift
When top soil thaws in the summer, saturated soil below flows over the subsoil and rock
Solifluction
Where inputs = outputs
Dynamic Equilibrium
Saturated soil and rock flows downhill under gravity
Mudflow
Cliffs with different layers of rock, possibly formed from different time periods
Composite cliffs
Natural breaks in strata caused by gaps in time during rock formation
Bedding planes
Very slow downhill movement of individual particles
Soil creep
Caused by contraction when sediment dries out
Joints
Formed under pressure duting tectonic activity, making rocks buckle and crumble
Folds
Coast that has been exposed by the sea due to a relative fall in sea level
Emergent
Downward folds in rock strata
Synclines
Occurs after weathering. Rocks fall to the cliff base and forms scree
Rockfall
Fine materials such as clay and sediment are carried by the sea
Suspension
The balance between sediment added to, and removed from the coastal system
Sediment Budget
Formed when pressure exceeds the rocks internal strength causing it to fracture
Faults
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