Top 50 most important and famous people from Spain

My opinion about the most important or famous people from Spain from the Middle Ages to our days
Quiz by Dav1999
Last updated: January 16, 2023
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First submittedJanuary 15, 2023
Times taken89
Average score48.0%
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Painter of Las Meninas and Portrait of Innocent X
Diego Velázquez
Painter of The Third of May 1808 and Saturn Devouring His Son
Francisco Goya
Painter of The Farm and The Harlequin's Carnival
Joan Miró
Painter of Guernica and Les demoiselles d'Avignon
Pablo Picasso
Painter of The Persistence of Memor and Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening
Salvador Dalì
Architect of Casa Milà and Sagrada Família
Antoni Gaudí
Architect of City of Arts and Sciences of Valencia
Santiago Calatrava
The most influential poet to introduce Italian Renaissance verse forms, poetic techniques, and themes to Spain.
Garcilaso de la Vega
Catholic priest, mystic. A major figure of the Counter-Reformation in Spain, and he is one of the Doctors of the Church.
John of the Cross
Woman mystic major figure of the Counter-Reformation, author of Interior Castle
Teresa of Ávila
Writer, author of Don Quixote
Miguel de Cervantes
Writer, key figure in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque literature, one of the most prolific authors in the history of literature. He was nicknamed The Phoenix of Wits and Monster of Nature
Lope de Vega
Playwright and writer known as one of the most distinguished Baroque writers of the Spanish Golden Age. Author of Life Is a Dream
Pedro Calderón de la Barca
Novelist, the leading literary figure of XIX century in Spain, author of Episodios Nacionales (National Episodes)
Benito Pérez Galdós
Poet, writer who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1956
Juan Ramón Jiménez
King who played a major role in the Reconquista and in the European colonization of the Americas, sponsoring the first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492
Ferdinand II of Aragon
Queen who played a major role in the Reconquista and in the European colonization of the Americas, sponsoring the first voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492
Isabella I of Castile
King of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire and of the Philippines
Philip II
Dictator from 1939 to 1975
Francisco Franco
King from 1975 to 2014
Juan Carlos I
Prime Minister, key figure in the country's transition to democracy
Adolfo Suárez
King from 2014
Felipe VI
Prime Minister from 2011 to 2018
Mariano Rajoy
Prime Minister from 2018
Pedro Sánchez
President of Catalonia from 2016 to 2017 when he was removed from office by the Spanish Government following the unilateral Catalan declaration of independence
Carles Puigdemont
Conquistador who led the expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
Hernán Cortés
Conquistador who led the expedition that caused the fall of the Inca Empire
Francisco Pizarro
Conquistador who partecipate in the conquest of the Inca Empire, executed after the civil war between two bands of conquistadores
Diego de Almagro
Priest who described the atrocities committed by the colonizers against the indigenous peoples
Bartolomé de las Casas
Priest and Catholic Saint who founded the religious order of the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits)
Ignatius of Loyola
Neuroscientist who received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1906, his investigations of the microscopic structure of the brain made him a pioneer of modern neuroscience.
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Biochemist winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1959 for the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Severo Ochoa
Director of All About My Mother and Talk to Her, two times winner of Academy Award
Pedro Almodóvar
Actor, winner of Academy Award in 2008 for No Country for Old Men
Javier Bardem
Director of The Forgotten Ones (The Young and the Damned) and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
Luis Buñuel
Actress, famous for her roles in All About My Mother and Vicky Cristina Barcelona, winner of Academy Award in 2009
Penélope Cruz
Actor famous for his roles in Philadelphia, Desperado and The Mask of Zorro
Antonio Banderas
Footballer, two times winner of Ballon d'Or, legend of Real Madrid, nicknamed Saeta Rubia
Alfredo Di Stéfano
Footballer, midfielder, world champion in 2010, legend of Barcelona
Footballer, midfielder, world champion in 2010, legend of Barcelona, now he plays in Japan
Andres Iniesta
Footballer, goalkeeper, world champion in 2010, legend of Real Madrid
Iker Casillas
Footballer, defender, world champion in 2010, legend of Real Madrid
Sergio Ramos
Tennis player, 22 times winner of Grand Slam titles
Rafael Nadal
Driver, two times champion of Formula One
Fernando Alonso
Motorcycle driver, 6 times winner of MotoGP
Marc Marquez
Cyclist, two times winner of Tour de France, two times winner of Giro d'Italia and three times winner of Vuelta a Espana
Alberto Contador
Basketball player, one of the greatest European players of all time, two times winner of NBA
Pau Gasol
Singer, one of the best-selling Latin music artists with estimated sales of over 70 million records worldwide, Bailando
Enrique Iglesias
Singer, El Mismo Sol, Sofia, La Cintura
Alvaro Soler
Singer, actress and bailaora. Her strong personality and recognizable image made her a Spanish pop culture icon. She is often cited as the biggest exporter of Andalusian culture, Nicknamed La Faraona
Lola Flores
Level 77
Jan 16, 2023
I enjoyed the quiz. But wondered if you might include some composers: e.g. Granados, Albeniz, de Falla. And the great chess-player Ruy Lopez, inventor of the opening of the same name.
Level 46
Jan 16, 2023
Thank you for the advice