Top 50 most important and famous people from The Netherlands

My opinion about the most important or famous people from The Netherlands from the Middle Ages to our days
Quiz by Dav1999
Last updated: January 17, 2023
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First submittedJanuary 16, 2023
Times taken66
Average score30.0%
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Painter of The Arnolfini Portrait and Portrait of a Man in a Red Turban
Jan van Eyck
Painter of The Hunters in the Snow and Netherlandish Proverbs
Pieter Bruegel
Painter of The Night Watch and The Return of the Prodigal Son
Painter of Girl with a Pearl Earring
Johannes Vermeer
Painter of The Lute Player and Laughing Cavalier
Frans Hals
Painter of The Elevation of the Cross and The Judgement of Paris
Pieter Paul Rubens
Painter of Self-Portrait with a Sunflower and Lord John Stuart and his Brother, Lord Bernard Stuart
Antoon van Dyck
Painter of The Starry Night and The Potato Eaters
Vincent van Gogh
Painter of Composition with Red Blue and Yellow and Evening; Red Tree
Piet Mondrian
Graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts and lithographs
M. C. Escher
Architect, one of the significant architectural thinkers and urbanists of his generation, key figure of Deconstructivism
Rem Koolhaas
Architect of XVI/XVII century, most of his works appeared in Amsterdam
Hendrick de Keyser
The most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the XVII century. Author of Joannes de Boetgezant
Joost van den Vondel
Female writer of XX century, the mother of the Dutch theatrical song and the queen of Dutch children's literature
Annie M. G. Schmidt
Writer, considered one of the greatest figures in Dutch literature of XX century, author of Eline Vere
Louis Couperus
Philosopher and Catholic theologian who is considered one of the greatest scholars of the northern Renaissance
Erasmus of Rotterdam
Philosopher, one of the greatest exponents of XVII century Rationalism and one of the early thinkers of the Enlightenment
Baruch Spinoza
Philosopher, a major figure in the fields of political theory and law during the XVI/XVII centuries
Hugo Grotius/Huig de Groot
Holy Roman Emperor, Lord of the Netherlands and King of Spain, the empire on which the sun never sets
Charles V
The main leader of the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish Habsburgs, considered the Father of the Fatherland
William The Silent/William of Orange
Stadtholder of Holland and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland
William III of Orange
King from 2013
Prime Minister from 1948 to 1958
Willem Drees
Politician killed in 2002
Pim Fortuyn
Prime Minister from 2010
Mark Rutte
Explorer, the first known European to reach New Zealand and Tasmania
Abel Tasman
Officer of the Dutch East India Company in the early XVII century, considered a national hero
Jan Pieterszoon Coen
One of the most skilled admirals in history, famous for his achievements with the Dutch Navy during the Anglo-Dutch Wars
Michiel de Ruyter
Mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer who is regarded as one of the most important figures in the Scientific Revolution
Christiaan Huygens
The Father of Microbiology, famous for his pioneering work for the establishment of microbiology as a scientific discipline
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Founder of clinical teaching and of the modern academic hospital and is sometimes referred to as the father of physiology
Herman Boerhaave
Physicist who described the combined electric and magnetic forces acting on a charged particle in an electromagnetic field, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1902
Hendrik Lorentz
Theoretical physicist and thermodynamicist famous for his pioneering work on the equation of state for gases and liquids, winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1910
Johannes van der Waals
Biologist, the founder of modern ethology, the study of animal behavior. Winner of Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1973
Nikolaas Tinbergen
Chemist, one of the founders of physical chemistry, the first winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
Meteorologist, who studied the ozone layer and climate change, he popularized the term Anthropocene to describe a proposed new epoch in the Quaternary period. Winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995
Paul Crutzen
One of the greatest footballers of all time, three times winner of Ballon d'Or, legend of Ajax and Barcelona
Johan Cruyff
Football coach of Ajax and the Netherlands national team. He is regarded as one of the greatest managers of all-time
Rinus Michels
Footballer, three times winner of Ballon d'Or, legend of AC Milan
Marco van Basten
Footballer, winner of Ballon d'Or in 1987, legend of AC Milan
Ruud Gullit
One of the best football defenders of the world, Liverpool player
Virgil van Dijk
Driver, champion of Formula 1 in 2021 and 2022
Max Verstappen
Cyclist, winner of Tour de France and Vuelta a Espana
Joop Zoetemelk
Founder of one of the largest electronics companies, founded in Eindhoven in 1891
Anton Philips
Businessman, chairman of one of the largest beer companies and one of the richest people in the Netherlands
Freddy Heineken
Director of RoboCop and Basic Instinct
Paul Verhoeven
Actress famous for her role as Melisandre on the HBO television series Game of Thrones
Carice van Houten
Actor, famous for his roles in Blade Runner and The Hitcher
Rutger Hauer
One of the greatest guitarists and songwriter, founder of a famous rock band
Eddie van Halen
Exotic dancer and courtesan who was convicted of being a spy for Germany during World War I and executed in France
Mata Hari
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