Monarchical titles

Can you guess the titles held by rulers of current-day monarchies?
Quiz by Lixyx
Last updated: March 21, 2023
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First submittedFebruary 21, 2023
Times taken1,086
Average score60.0%
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Example country
United Kingdom, Spain
Liechtenstein, Monaco
Episcopal Co-Prince
French Co-Prince
Vatican City
Grand Duke
Qatar, Kuwait
Brunei, Oman
United Arab Emirates
Level 81
Sep 19, 2023
Okay. So the UAE is an admittedly weird case, but I'd argue that "Emir" is technically more correct than what you have here.

I 100% agree that de facto the President, as head of state, is a hereditary (monarchic) position. But de jure it's actually an elected position (along with that of Prime Minister). The elections are held every 5 years within the UAE Supreme Council.

The weird part is that the Supreme Council only has 7 members: the leaders of the 7 constituent Emirates, who are Emirs (hence: "Emirates"). An Emir is a hereditary position and so meets the qualifications for being ruler of a monarchy.

In practice, every election has been unanimous, with the Emir of Abu Dhabi being elected President (and the Emir of Dubai being elected Prime Minister). It's tacitly understood that this will be the case, and it would be a huge scandal (with maybe fatal consequences?) if the vote weren't unanimous.

But on paper, an Emir is a monarch and the President is elected.

Level 81
Sep 19, 2023
I mean, I'd certainly be ok with accepting "president" as a type-in (and maybe even display the answer as "Emir or President" or something along those lines, I dunno?). But "President" as the actual/only answer doesn't feel quite right to me.
Level 56
Sep 22, 2023
Monarchy doesn't have to be hereditary by definition. Elective monarchy is a thing (other example is Vatican City). The rulers or Emirates, so-called Emirs, as you pointed out are only local monarchs (See: monarchy) and this quiz is for sovereign states monarchs.

The confusion with the UAE monarchs is that they decided to use the title most associated with a republic. But it's just a title, assumed by a monarch, an elected monarch.

Level 81
Sep 24, 2023
> Monarchy doesn't have to be hereditary by definition. Elective monarchy is a thing. (other example is Vatican City)

Ok, that's totally fair. But I'd argue it's still not the same thing. Once the Vatican sovereign is elected, they hold that position for life (or until they voluntarily choose to relinquish it e.g.: Benedict). But there's no fixed term for the sovereign.

However the term for the UAE Presidency is fixed; at 5 years. Then an election is held and, on paper, someone else is eligible to be voted President.

Again, I'm not arguing that the President isn't de facto a lifetime position, meeting all the requirements of being a monarch. Of course it is. But on paper, it really doesn't feel like one to me.

Otherwise, where would you draw the line between a monarch and just a regular, uh, "non monarch" head of state? If you have a different answer I'm all ears. But if you don't like Emir because it's non-sovereign, then I'm not wild about including the UAE at all.

Level 81
Sep 24, 2023
(Or, heck, you could just include the phrase "(de facto)" in the clue, or something like that. That would work too... 😆)
Level 72
Sep 19, 2023
Pontifex for the Vatican? Or just the Pope?
Level 50
Sep 19, 2023
Or Supreme Pontiff?
Level 81
Sep 20, 2023
I could be mistaken, but I think that what's going on here is that the Pope (or Supreme Pontiff) is the head of the Catholic Church, but that office isn't technically the head of the Vatican State. The name for the latter office is indeed the Sovereign (

In practice, the two positions are held by the same person, but they are different offices, and the names of said offices are different.

I mean, it's definitely a subtle distinction, but yeah.

Level 56
Sep 22, 2023
That is correct.
Level 75
Sep 19, 2023
iranian shah?
Level 60
Sep 19, 2023
I don't think Iran is a monarchy officially.
Level 81
Sep 20, 2023
Certainly not any more, no.

Although the quiz setter Lixyx has another quiz titled Historical Monarchical Titles, where that would seem to fit in perfectly.

Level 84
Sep 19, 2023
Maybe I'm missing something, but Pope isn't right?
Level 56
Sep 22, 2023
Technically, Pope is a title of the ruler of the Catholic Church, but not Vatican City, even though both offices are held by the same person.