SWRK 2040

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Last updated: November 11, 2020
First submittedOctober 8, 2020
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1. Marx believed that there had to be a transition period between the end of capitalism and the beginning of advanced communism. Marx called this transition period:
democracy
autocracy
XXI Century communism
socialism.
2. There is a considerable difference between Marxism as a social philosophy derived from the classic writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels and the phenomenon of 20th century communism, which in many ways departed from and revised classical principles.
true
false
3. The main feature of the structural welfare model is:
The consideration of welfare (distribution according to wants) as a central government value
The consideration of social welfare as a central social norm
The consideration of welfare (distribution according to need) as a central social value
none of the above
4. Which paradigm postulates equality of condition as a social goal to achieve?
social democratic
feminist
anti-racism
postmodernism
5. Elimination of privilege, opposition to inheritance, defence of the welfare state, and a strong affiliation with the labour movement are some of the socialist policies objectives.
true
false
6. What are characteristics that all schools of socialist thought accept (to varying degrees)?
A planned economy geared toward fulfillment of human needs of all
Public ownership of productive property for benefit of all
The belief that social change can produce less selfish people who are concerned with others’ welfare
all the above
7. A critique of radical feminism is that it tends to reduce complex issues of women’s inequality to a simple single explanation – biology.
true
false
8. Social democracy emphasizes participation in the labour force versus other kinds of contributions to society.
true
false
9. Which paradigm or critique states that government should encourage the emergence of social entrepreneurs who use market principles to create wealth and growth at the local level?
social democracy
marxist
feminist
none of the above
10. A major focus of liberal feminism is the interrelationship between capitalism and patriarchy.
true
false
11. Government intervention, the public control of means of production and distribution and a more equitable distribution of income and opportunities are economic beliefs of which paradigm?
anti-racist
feminist
postmodernism
social democratic
12. According to George and Wilding (1985), social democratic critiques of the free market include that it is inefficient. This can lead to…
Environmental devastation
Regional economic disparities
Economic recession and the oversupply of useless goods and undersupply of needed goods and services
All the above
13. Which of the following functions(s) is/are aligned with social democratic social work practice?
To tend to the immediate and legitimate needs of people or groups of people who lose out in the ongoing group conflicts that occur in capitalist society over the acquisition of material resources and power.
To work toward the transformation of capitalist society to one that adheres to the social, economic, and political beliefs and values of social democracy.
none of the above
A & B
14. According to Marxism, in a class-divided society, the government and society largely attend to the interests of the dominant class.
true
false
15. Which theories view the nature of society as a contested struggle among groups with opposed aims and perspectives?
Order theories
economic theory
Functionalism theories
change/conflict
16. Postmodernism is not a fully developed, coherent, or singular theoretical perspective; rather, it is a critique of modernity and modernist thought.
true
false
17. Conflict/change theories are emphasized by which social paradigm(s)?
marxist
social democratic
A & B
none of the above
18. Social democratic social work practice is charged with which function(s)?
Tending to immediate and legitimate needs of people and groups who are oppressed by a capitalist society
Working towards the transformation of a capitalist society towards the creation of a socialist state by working through existing political and social institutions
A & B
none of the above
19. In the free market economy, the needs of those experiencing illness and age are often excluded.
true
false
20. In order to work towards the transformation of a capitalist society…
Socially democratic social workers must join other socialist movements
Issues encountered in social work practice must become politicized and radicalized
A & B
none of the above
21. What is an example that negates a critique of social democracy that states that the welfare state has not produced the desired reduction in inequalities?
That both the Democratic and Republic Parties in the United States promote forms of neoliberalism
The fall of the USSR in 1991
Scandinavian countries have achieved much greater equality of income and opportunity than most other Western democracies
The Canadian NDP party has never won a federal election
22. Social Democrats have never held a majority federal government in Canada
true
false
23. Which paradigm holds that humans will tend to actualize their potential in a supportive environment?
neoliberalism
social democracy
marxism
none of the above
24. According to the social democratic paradigm, the role of government cannot be carried out satisfactorily in a capitalist society.
true
false
25. Social democracy is critiqued as being incoherent and catering to populism
true
false
26. What is / are the way(s) that women experience the social world differently than men?
Women are among the poorest groups in Canadian society
Women head over 80% of single parent families
Women still experience occupational segregation in many sectors of the labour force and receive lower earnings, benefits, and pensions
all the above
27. The reformist belief of social democracy believes that private enterprise should be transferred to state ownership.
true
false
28. Which action best embodies a radical feminist approach to abolish the patriarchy?
Artificial reproduction
Hiring more women in executive positions
Designing flexible work arrangements so that women can balance work and home responsibilities
Encouraging men to take on more responsibility at home
29. According to the Marxist paradigm, which of the following is NOT true regarding poverty’s role within the current capitalist state?
Poverty helps to keep wages down and profits up
Poverty enhances feelings of superiority and self-righteousness of the non-poor
Poverty protects poor groups against other forms of marginalization
Poor people are often used as scapegoats for societal ills
30. Both Marxists and social democrats believe that the residual model of welfare is the best.
true
false
31. Which critique would argue that the individual is a product of changing culture and discourse?
Anti-racism
postmoderm
feminist
none of the above
32. A critique of social democracy (and other paradigms) is that it was conceptualized by white, upper-class, males, thus excluding many in its grand narrative.
true
false
33. Which of the following could be used as anti-oppressive criticisms of a government document that was, for the most part, produced by conservative white men who assumed that their experiences were representative of all Canadians?
A feminist critique
An anti-racist critique
An anti-homophobic or anti-heterosexist critique
all the above
34. An anti-homophobic or anti-heterosexist critique
true
false
35. Which paradigm is deeply concerned about all people’s well-being and totally rejects capitalism
social democratic
postmodern
marxism
none of the above
36. Equality is the primary value of social democrats
true
false
37. If Tim Horton’s was bought by the Canadian government, this would best exemplify which of the following Marxist beliefs?
nationalization
the industrial democracy
The distribution of resources according to need
the planned economy
38. In a society, the means of production would be publicly owned and class structure would be eliminated.
Marxist
postmodern
socialdemocratic
feminist
39. Essentialism is the belief that things have a set of characteristics that make them what they are, and that the task of science and philosophy is their discovery and expression; the doctrine that essence is prior to existence.
true
false
40. Which paradigm or critique postulates that capitalism should be transformed to a better society using revolutionary means?
feminist
anti-racism
marxist
social democracy
41. According to Marxism, true welfare involves the regulation of working and living conditions and the distribution of society’s resources based on human need.
true
false
42. Which political paradigm(s) hold that social services should be distributed according to need and should be universal, comprehensive, adequate, and free
social democracy
marxist
all the above
none of the above
43. Evolutionary Marxism holds that a socialist state can be created by working within existing social institutions and organizations that have the potential for socialism and to transform capitalism.
true
false
44. What is / are critique(s) of the Marxist paradigm
there is no working class
The Marxist view that all conflict in society runs along class lines is incompatible with realities of contemporary societies
Does not consider other group factors including gender ethnicity / race, etc.
all the above
45. For Marx, the ideal form of social justice is a classless society
true
false
46. Who was/were the primary philosopher(s) of Marxism?
Frederick Engels
Karl Marx
Thomas Hobba
A & B
47. Which paradigm believes that social change can only come through class conflict?
feminist
marxism
social democratic
none of the above
48. Socialist feminism argues for fusion of class analysis with an understanding of female oppression in patriarchal social systems.
true
false
49. What is critical theory critical of?
Political paradigms and their applications
Existing social institutions as they act as sources of social problems and perpetuate domination within society
Individuals who engage in drug and alcohol abuse
Nothing; the theory discusses the merits of existing political structures
50. Regarding the social beliefs of the social democratic paradigm, the two derivative values (of the three central values) are representative democracy and social justice.
true
false
51. On what belief do revolutionary Marxists and evolutionary Marxists differ?
The potential of the capitalist state as a vehicle for social change
Individualism as a key component of society
The power of the dominant group in society
none of the above
52. With what is Feminism primarily concerned?
Ways that gendered social institutions and practices have been ignored, and gender neutrality has been assumed in traditional social science literature
Ways that issues of particular importance to women have been marginalized or excluded from social welfare agenda
A & B
none of the above
53. There are several working models of advanced socialism.
True
false
54. What is/are the main school(s) of Feminism outlined in the textbook?
liberal feminist
socialist feminist
radical feminist
all the above
55. How is the patriarchy defined by radical feminists?
Male power and control over women’s sexuality
Male power and control over women’s finances
Male power and control over women’s biology in terms of their reproductive capacity
A & c
56. The Marxist paradigm stresses that production in society should be set up to make profit for the individual.
true
false
57. Which critique would most likely reject the notion of an essential ‘human nature’?
Anti-racist
postmoderist
feminist
none of the above
58. Which of the following is NOT a limitation of the postmodernist critique?
Because it emphasizes difference, relativism, and cultural diversity, it lacks potential for solidarity among groups, which is a prerequisite for social movements
If there is no unified representation of the world, how can it ever be changed?
It doesn’t account for structural oppression along the lines of class, race, gender, etc.
It rejects the myth that modern history reflects a progressive road towards humanist goals
59. Marxism believes that entitlement to goods is tied to the worth of work, not to human need.
true
false
60. According to the Marxism, social programs arguably subsidize private enterprise indirectly
true
false
61. Public financial assistance programs support the labour market by making people’s eligibility for assistance dependent on their past experience and present relationship to the job market.
true
false
62. Which paradigm or critique postulates that there is overwhelming evidence that state plays a central role in the domination of men?
marxism
postmodern
social democracy
feminism
63. The United States does not have a socialist political party
true
false
64. Which of the following are beliefs common to most forms of feminism?
A belief that there have been historical inequities between women and men
A belief that there are contemporary inequities between women and men
A belief that gender equity ought to be a central goal of society
all the above
65. There is a high degree of compatibility between the social democratic and social work paradigms.
true
false
66. Which of the following statements about feminists is not true?
Feminists have diverse theoretical explanations for gender inequalities.
Feminists engage in diverse social work practices, micro and macro.
Feminists are mostly older, unmarried women.
Feminists engage in diverse social work research methods, qualitative and quantitative.
67. Social democrats do not agree on how the public should control the means of production and distribution.
true
false
68. Which model of social welfare best fits with the Marxist and Social Democratic paradigms?
the residual model
the institutional model
the social development model
the structural model
69. Which of the following social work models fits best with liberal feminism?
progressive
conventional
inductive
deductive
70. According to the Marxist paradigm, the means of production should be publicly owned.
true
false
71. Radical feminism has been critiqued on which of the following grounds?
It reduces the complex issue of gender inequity to a single, far too simplistic, explanation
By defining patriarchy biologically, it distances itself from a key consensus builder—the economic system.
Its naïve stance is not practical
all the above
72. Which paradigm or critique postulates that resources of the state should be used to pursue goals of equality, social justice, and democracy?
liberalism
feminist
marxist
social democracy
73. Socialist feminism refers to women’s ‘dual role’; these roles are…
Being a breadwinner and also being politically active
Productive activities in the public sphere as a reserve army of labour and involvement in the reproduction of labour force and social relations through role in private sphere
Dependent on the political paradigm of society at the time
Difficult to identify within modern society
74. Conflict/change theories hold that social problems caused when members of society do not learn to respect institutions or rules.
true
false
75. A critique of liberal feminism is that it seeks equality of opportunity in male terms and fails to account for current gender differences and other structural forces.
true
false
76. What is / are critique(s) of radical feminism?
It assumes a commonality of interests and positions among women that is at odds regarding differences of interest among women with respect to race, culture, class, etc.
The definition of patriarchy assumes that all men are considered to be oppressors
It overlooks that the personal is the political
A & B
77. Postmodernists have criticized earlier forms of feminist and anti-racist analysis for modernist assumptions.
true
false
78. Racism is the belief that human abilities are determined by race, that one race is superior to all others, and therefore, has the right to dominate all other races.
true
false
79. Order theories hold that social inequality is result of coercive institutions that favour dominant groups.
true
false
80. In what major system(s) does racism occur daily?
education
healthcare
criminal justice
all the above
81. The major world paradigms have been constructed by mostly white European men.
true
false
82. Women remain significantly under-represented in legislatures, cabinets, the courts, and in senior levels of public services and business corporations
true
false
83. “Social welfare state pays many of the costs that owners of capital incur.” This type of analysis belongs to which of the following?
social democracy
feminist
globalization
marxist
84. Liberal feminism holds that the state can minimize any role that biology plays in interfering with women’s freedom to compete and use their abilities by guaranteeing rights to contraception and abortion, maternity leave, and publicly funded daycare
true
false
85. Socialist feminism agrees on the…
Importance of understanding that differences between female and male behaviour are socially constructed, not biologically caused
Necessity of recognizing personal as political
Significance pf solidarity, in recognizing different and shared experiences of oppression of women of different classes, races, ages, sexual orientation, etc.
all the above
86. The postmodern perspective criticized dominant political paradigms for reflecting interest of white, upper class males and criticized women’s movement for focusing on experiences, values, and interests of white, middle-class women.
true
false
87. Postmodernists would argue that the four major political paradigms are objective and rational truths.
true
false
88. Socially democratic social work practice aims can be achieved through joining with other socialist organizations and institutions
true
false
89. Dominant discourses today largely reflect the interests of global capitalism, patriarchy, and people of European descent.
true
false
90. Each paradigm has its own discourse that consists of a set of assumptions about the social world.
true
false
91. Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland are all examples of countries that have successfully implemented the social democratic paradigm.
true
false
92. Which political paradigm believes that social change is constantly occurring and is brought about directly through class struggle?
concervative
marxist
postmodern
feminist
93. A principle is a fundamental assumption while dogma is an authoritative principle, belief, or statement of opinion, especially one considered to be absolutely true regardless of evidence, or without evidence to support it.
true
false
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