Country that only needs one Chinese character

There are only nine countries that are too important to Chinese (or have a very long original name) so that when translating its country name into Mandarin, we go by its abbreviation and only use "One unique character + Kuo (meaning country in Mandarin)" to illustrate this country. These countries are either extremely powerful in the world or have a close relationship with Chinese culture. Can you name them all?
國(Kuo) means country/nation in Mandarin, we could omit this character too in some occasion (for some country)
"Pinyin" is related to its original country name (in its native language) but "Literal Translation" does not (it's only for fun!)
If you understand Chinese, this quiz would be very easy for you!
For "E Kuo", we could also go by "E Luo Si". For "Liao Kuo", Mainland Chinese people might call it "Lao Wo". For “Han Kuo”, this is a much more complicated case and you will know why once you see the answer....
Quiz by fromTaiwan
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Last updated: December 29, 2020
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First submittedDecember 29, 2020
Times taken44
Average score88.9%
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Character+Kuo(國)
Pinyin
Literal Translation
Answer
"中"國
Zhong
Country of Center
China
"美"國
Mei
Country of Beauty
United States
"英"國
Ying
Country of Bravery
United Kingdom
"法"國
Fa
Country of Law
France
"德"國
De
Country of Morality
Germany
"俄"國
E
Country of Suddenness
Russia
"韓"國
Han
Country of Fence
(South) Korea
"泰"國
Tai
Country of Peace
Thailand
"寮"國
Liao
Country of Hut
Laos
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