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Ancient Rome

Civilization from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Quiz by Nenadbs
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Last updated: March 8, 2022
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First submittedFebruary 5, 2021
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Average score78.9%
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1. When was Rome founded according to the tradition?
753 BC
79 BC
40 AD
476 BC
2. Some of Rome's early kings may have been Etruscan. How many of theme were there?
Ten
Fifteen
Three
Seven
3. What is not true in the legend of Romulus and Remus?
They were twins
They were sons of god Mars
Romulus was killed by Remus
They were raised by a wolf
4. Who was the main god in Roman mythology?
Neptune
Vulcan
Mars
Jupiter
5. Who was the goddess of love and beauty in Roman mythology?
Minerva
Hera
Aphrodite
Venus
6. Who was the Roman goddess of the hunt, wild animals and the wilderness?
Diana
Flora
Demeter
Juno
7. How many consuls were elected every year by citizen assembly in early Rome?
Five
Ten
Two
Three
8. Which Carthaginian general crossed the Alps and invaded ancient Rome?
Hasdrubal
Hector
Hannibal
Hamilcar
9. How many Punic Wars were there?
Four
Two
Three
Five
10. What animals did he bring with him during his invasion of Rome?
Wolves
Elephants
Bears
Lions
11. What did Rome gain following the First Punic War, a war primarily fought at sea?
Sicily
Iberia
Britain
Egypt
12. What was the leadership of Rome called when Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, and Marcus Crassus ruled Rome?
Three Wise Men
First Triumvirate
Triple Threat
Triple Entente
13. The Julian calendar was proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. How many days it differs from Gregorian calendar used today?
13 days
3 days
27 days
17 days
14. Who became the first emperor of Rome in the year 27 BC?
Caesar Augustus
Gaius Marius
Nero
Julius Caesar
15. Who assassinated Julius Caesar?
Cleopatra VII
Theodosius
Marcus Brutus
Caesar Augustus
16. Where was Julius Caesar assassinated?
At the theater
In his bed
In the Roman bath
While riding a horse
17. The members of the Second Triumvirate included Mark Antony, Lepidus, and who else?
Cleopatra VII
Marcus Brutus
Tullus Hostilius
Octavian
18. What did Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII do after they realized they had lost the war to Octavian?
Got married
Ran away to China together
Both committed suicide
Surrendered and became slaves
19. The eruption of which volcano destroyed and buried the city of Pompeii in 79 AD?
Vesuvius
Vulcano
Etna
Stromboli
20. What area of the city was the center of Roman public life and government?
Palatine Hill
The Pantheon
The Rostra
The Forum
21. Which of the following was famous Roman philosopher?
Ovid
Virgil
Seneca
Horace
22. Which Emperor decided to divide Rome into two sections to try and stabilize the empire?
Trajan
Octavian
Romulus Augustulus
Diocletian
23. Which barbarian people group invaded Britain as the Roman Empire grew weak?
Vandals
Saxons
Goths
Franks
24. Who was the leader of the rebelling gladiators and slaves in the Third Servile War?
Spartacus
Hannibal
Pompey
Marcus Agrippa
25. What did Octavian change his name to after he became the first Roman Emperor?
Trajan
Constantine
Augustus
Hadrian
26. Who did Julius Caesar defeat in the Roman civil war to become the most powerful man in Rome?
Pompey the Great
Cicero
Octavian
Mark Antony
27. Which Roman emperor was blamed for the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD?
Claudius
Hadrian
Nero
Commodus
28. What type of current modern government is most similar to the Roman Republic?
Democracy
Dictatorship
Monarchy
Communism
29. What was the highest position in the government of the Roman Republic?
Consul
Censor
Governor
Senator
30. Under which emperor, Rome reached its territorial height in 117?
Trajan
Hercules
Augustus
Nero
31. Which battle is widely considered the greatest military achievement of Julius Caesar?
Battle of Carthage
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
Battle of Heraclea
Battle of Alesia
32. When Julius Caesar seized control of Rome and made himself dictator, what famous Roman government came to an end?
The Republic
The Empire
The Monarchy
The Legion
33. Who became Roman Emperor in 306 AD and then converted to Christianity?
Tiberius
Caesar Augustus
Titus
Constantine
34. What Roman ruler was the father of Cleopatra's children Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene II and Ptolemy Philadelphus?
Trajan
Mark Antony
Julius Caesar
Octavian
35. How was Octavian related to Julius Caesar?
Nephew
Son
Father
Grandson
36. What fortification was built by the Romans across the width of Britain to separate Romans from the barbarians?
Caesar's Wall
Trajan's Wall
Hadrian's Wall
Nero's Wall
37. In 305 Diocletian abdicated voluntarily due to ill health and retired to his palace at which city?
Naisus
Spalatum
Singidunum
Mediolanum
38. When did the Western Roman Empire collapse?
221
533
476
776
2 Comments
+1
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
The question on the East/West split repeats. Also, Cleopatra had a son with both Caesar (Caesarion) and with Mark Antony (Alexander Helion, younger Ptolemy), so that question is confusing. The question on Caesar's assassination was also confusing, since Caesar was going to the senate, just that the senate was meeting in the theatre building, but I suppose that's a trick question.
+1
Level 53
Mar 21, 2021
Thanks for pointing this out. I have corrected those questions.