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Ancient Rome

Civilization from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Quiz by Nenadbs
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Last updated: March 8, 2022
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First submittedFebruary 5, 2021
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Average score84.2%
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1. When was Rome founded according to the tradition?
753 BC
40 AD
476 BC
79 BC
2. Some of Rome's early kings may have been Etruscan. How many of theme were there?
Seven
Fifteen
Ten
Three
3. What is not true in the legend of Romulus and Remus?
They were twins
Romulus was killed by Remus
They were sons of god Mars
They were raised by a wolf
4. Who was the main god in Roman mythology?
Vulcan
Jupiter
Mars
Neptune
5. Who was the goddess of love and beauty in Roman mythology?
Venus
Minerva
Hera
Aphrodite
6. Who was the Roman goddess of the hunt, wild animals and the wilderness?
Flora
Juno
Diana
Demeter
7. How many consuls were elected every year by citizen assembly in early Rome?
Five
Three
Ten
Two
8. Which Carthaginian general crossed the Alps and invaded ancient Rome?
Hannibal
Hasdrubal
Hamilcar
Hector
9. How many Punic Wars were there?
Three
Two
Four
Five
10. What animals did he bring with him during his invasion of Rome?
Lions
Elephants
Bears
Wolves
11. What did Rome gain following the First Punic War, a war primarily fought at sea?
Egypt
Iberia
Sicily
Britain
12. What was the leadership of Rome called when Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, and Marcus Crassus ruled Rome?
Three Wise Men
First Triumvirate
Triple Entente
Triple Threat
13. The Julian calendar was proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. How many days it differs from Gregorian calendar used today?
27 days
3 days
13 days
17 days
14. Who became the first emperor of Rome in the year 27 BC?
Nero
Gaius Marius
Julius Caesar
Caesar Augustus
15. Who assassinated Julius Caesar?
Marcus Brutus
Theodosius
Cleopatra VII
Caesar Augustus
16. Where was Julius Caesar assassinated?
While riding a horse
At the theater
In his bed
In the Roman bath
17. The members of the Second Triumvirate included Mark Antony, Lepidus, and who else?
Cleopatra VII
Octavian
Tullus Hostilius
Marcus Brutus
18. What did Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII do after they realized they had lost the war to Octavian?
Got married
Ran away to China together
Surrendered and became slaves
Both committed suicide
19. The eruption of which volcano destroyed and buried the city of Pompeii in 79 AD?
Stromboli
Etna
Vulcano
Vesuvius
20. What area of the city was the center of Roman public life and government?
The Rostra
Palatine Hill
The Forum
The Pantheon
21. Which of the following was famous Roman philosopher?
Seneca
Virgil
Ovid
Horace
22. Which Emperor decided to divide Rome into two sections to try and stabilize the empire?
Diocletian
Trajan
Octavian
Romulus Augustulus
23. Which barbarian people group invaded Britain as the Roman Empire grew weak?
Vandals
Franks
Saxons
Goths
24. Who was the leader of the rebelling gladiators and slaves in the Third Servile War?
Spartacus
Hannibal
Marcus Agrippa
Pompey
25. What did Octavian change his name to after he became the first Roman Emperor?
Augustus
Trajan
Constantine
Hadrian
26. Who did Julius Caesar defeat in the Roman civil war to become the most powerful man in Rome?
Cicero
Mark Antony
Pompey the Great
Octavian
27. Which Roman emperor was blamed for the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD?
Nero
Hadrian
Commodus
Claudius
28. What type of current modern government is most similar to the Roman Republic?
Communism
Democracy
Dictatorship
Monarchy
29. What was the highest position in the government of the Roman Republic?
Governor
Consul
Senator
Censor
30. Under which emperor, Rome reached its territorial height in 117?
Augustus
Nero
Trajan
Hercules
31. Which battle is widely considered the greatest military achievement of Julius Caesar?
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
Battle of Carthage
Battle of Heraclea
Battle of Alesia
32. When Julius Caesar seized control of Rome and made himself dictator, what famous Roman government came to an end?
The Empire
The Legion
The Republic
The Monarchy
33. Who became Roman Emperor in 306 AD and then converted to Christianity?
Titus
Constantine
Tiberius
Caesar Augustus
34. What Roman ruler was the father of Cleopatra's children Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene II and Ptolemy Philadelphus?
Julius Caesar
Mark Antony
Trajan
Octavian
35. How was Octavian related to Julius Caesar?
Grandson
Father
Nephew
Son
36. What fortification was built by the Romans across the width of Britain to separate Romans from the barbarians?
Caesar's Wall
Hadrian's Wall
Nero's Wall
Trajan's Wall
37. In 305 Diocletian abdicated voluntarily due to ill health and retired to his palace at which city?
Spalatum
Singidunum
Mediolanum
Naisus
38. When did the Western Roman Empire collapse?
221
776
533
476
+1
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
The question on the East/West split repeats. Also, Cleopatra had a son with both Caesar (Caesarion) and with Mark Antony (Alexander Helion, younger Ptolemy), so that question is confusing. The question on Caesar's assassination was also confusing, since Caesar was going to the senate, just that the senate was meeting in the theatre building, but I suppose that's a trick question.
+1
Level 53
Mar 21, 2021
Thanks for pointing this out. I have corrected those questions.