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Ancient Rome

Civilization from the founding of the city of Rome to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Quiz by Nenadbs
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Last updated: March 8, 2022
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First submittedFebruary 5, 2021
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Average score81.6%
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1. When was Rome founded according to the tradition?
79 BC
40 AD
753 BC
476 BC
2. Some of Rome's early kings may have been Etruscan. How many of theme were there?
Ten
Fifteen
Three
Seven
3. What is not true in the legend of Romulus and Remus?
They were raised by a wolf
They were sons of god Mars
They were twins
Romulus was killed by Remus
4. Who was the main god in Roman mythology?
Jupiter
Neptune
Vulcan
Mars
5. Who was the goddess of love and beauty in Roman mythology?
Venus
Aphrodite
Minerva
Hera
6. Who was the Roman goddess of the hunt, wild animals and the wilderness?
Flora
Demeter
Diana
Juno
7. How many consuls were elected every year by citizen assembly in early Rome?
Five
Three
Two
Ten
8. Which Carthaginian general crossed the Alps and invaded ancient Rome?
Hector
Hamilcar
Hasdrubal
Hannibal
9. How many Punic Wars were there?
Two
Four
Three
Five
10. What animals did he bring with him during his invasion of Rome?
Wolves
Bears
Lions
Elephants
11. What did Rome gain following the First Punic War, a war primarily fought at sea?
Egypt
Iberia
Britain
Sicily
12. What was the leadership of Rome called when Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great, and Marcus Crassus ruled Rome?
First Triumvirate
Triple Entente
Three Wise Men
Triple Threat
13. The Julian calendar was proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. How many days it differs from Gregorian calendar used today?
13 days
27 days
17 days
3 days
14. Who became the first emperor of Rome in the year 27 BC?
Caesar Augustus
Julius Caesar
Gaius Marius
Nero
15. Who assassinated Julius Caesar?
Caesar Augustus
Cleopatra VII
Marcus Brutus
Theodosius
16. Where was Julius Caesar assassinated?
While riding a horse
At the theater
In the Roman bath
In his bed
17. The members of the Second Triumvirate included Mark Antony, Lepidus, and who else?
Octavian
Cleopatra VII
Marcus Brutus
Tullus Hostilius
18. What did Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII do after they realized they had lost the war to Octavian?
Ran away to China together
Got married
Surrendered and became slaves
Both committed suicide
19. The eruption of which volcano destroyed and buried the city of Pompeii in 79 AD?
Vulcano
Vesuvius
Etna
Stromboli
20. What area of the city was the center of Roman public life and government?
Palatine Hill
The Rostra
The Pantheon
The Forum
21. Which of the following was famous Roman philosopher?
Virgil
Seneca
Ovid
Horace
22. Which Emperor decided to divide Rome into two sections to try and stabilize the empire?
Diocletian
Octavian
Romulus Augustulus
Trajan
23. Which barbarian people group invaded Britain as the Roman Empire grew weak?
Goths
Vandals
Franks
Saxons
24. Who was the leader of the rebelling gladiators and slaves in the Third Servile War?
Spartacus
Marcus Agrippa
Hannibal
Pompey
25. What did Octavian change his name to after he became the first Roman Emperor?
Trajan
Augustus
Hadrian
Constantine
26. Who did Julius Caesar defeat in the Roman civil war to become the most powerful man in Rome?
Pompey the Great
Cicero
Mark Antony
Octavian
27. Which Roman emperor was blamed for the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD?
Hadrian
Commodus
Claudius
Nero
28. What type of current modern government is most similar to the Roman Republic?
Democracy
Dictatorship
Monarchy
Communism
29. What was the highest position in the government of the Roman Republic?
Consul
Censor
Governor
Senator
30. Under which emperor, Rome reached its territorial height in 117?
Nero
Hercules
Augustus
Trajan
31. Which battle is widely considered the greatest military achievement of Julius Caesar?
Battle of Alesia
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
Battle of Heraclea
Battle of Carthage
32. When Julius Caesar seized control of Rome and made himself dictator, what famous Roman government came to an end?
The Legion
The Empire
The Monarchy
The Republic
33. Who became Roman Emperor in 306 AD and then converted to Christianity?
Tiberius
Constantine
Titus
Caesar Augustus
34. What Roman ruler was the father of Cleopatra's children Alexander Helios, Cleopatra Selene II and Ptolemy Philadelphus?
Trajan
Julius Caesar
Octavian
Mark Antony
35. How was Octavian related to Julius Caesar?
Grandson
Son
Nephew
Father
36. What fortification was built by the Romans across the width of Britain to separate Romans from the barbarians?
Hadrian's Wall
Nero's Wall
Trajan's Wall
Caesar's Wall
37. In 305 Diocletian abdicated voluntarily due to ill health and retired to his palace at which city?
Mediolanum
Singidunum
Spalatum
Naisus
38. When did the Western Roman Empire collapse?
533
776
221
476
+1
Level 66
Mar 21, 2021
The question on the East/West split repeats. Also, Cleopatra had a son with both Caesar (Caesarion) and with Mark Antony (Alexander Helion, younger Ptolemy), so that question is confusing. The question on Caesar's assassination was also confusing, since Caesar was going to the senate, just that the senate was meeting in the theatre building, but I suppose that's a trick question.
+1
Level 53
Mar 21, 2021
Thanks for pointing this out. I have corrected those questions.