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Geography of Africa

Test your knowledge about geography of Africa.
Quiz by Nenadbs
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Last updated: November 17, 2023
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First submittedFebruary 20, 2021
Times taken65
Average score80.0%
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1. Which Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European to view the Victoria Falls in 1855?
David Livingstone
John Cabot
Henry Stanley
Francis Drake
2. What country was created after referendum in Sudan in 2011?
Burundi
Eritrea
South Sudan
North Sudan
3. Nubia is a region along what river in Africa?
Zambezi
Niger
Congo
Nile
4. What country colonized Cameroon from 1884 to 1916, calling it Kamerun?
United Kingdom
Germany
France
Netherlands
5. What was the only color that appeared on the former flag of Libya from 1977 to 2011?
Red
Blue
White
Green
6. What is the former name of Benin?
Rhodesia
Dahomey
Upper Volta
Swaziland
7. From which country Gabon gained its independence in 1960?
France
United Kingdom
Italy
Belgium
8. What is the second largest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro?
Atlas
Kenya
Rwenzori
Elgon
9. There are three capital cities of South Africa. Which city is not the capital?
Cape Town
Pretoria
Bloemfontein
Johannesburg
10. Victoria Falls are located on the border between what two countries?
Botswana and Namibia
South Africa and Mozambique
Zambia and Zimbabwe
Angola and DR Congo
11. Sibebe is the second-largest monolith in the world located near the capital city Mbabane. Which country is this?
Lesotho
Rwanda
Eswatini
Zambia
12. Which ecosystem does not exist in Africa?
Taiga
Steppe
Tropical rainforest
Savanna
13. Djibouti have a coastline along what body of water?
Mediterranean sea
Atlantic ocean
Indian ocean
Red sea
14. Which African country was known as Upper Volta until 1984?
Burkina Faso
Benin
Mauritania
Ethiopia
15. From which country Botswana gained its independence in 1966?
Belgium
Spain
France
United Kingdom
16. What is official language in Benin?
Spanish
English
Italian
French
17. Which two rivers merge in the capital of Sudan, Khartoum, and form the Nile River?
Yellow and White Nile
Green and Yellow Nile
Blue and Green Nile
White and Blue Nile
18. What country in Africa has the highest population?
Nigeria
Ethiopia
South Africa
Egypt
19. Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of which country?
South Africa
Mozambique
Kenya
Tanzania
20. What lake in Africa is the world's second oldest and second deepest freshwater lake?
Malawi
Kivu
Victoria
Tanganyika
21. In what part of Africa mainly Bushmen, also known as San people live?
Eastern Africa
Northern Africa
Southern Africa
Western Africa
22. Which is the largest lake in Africa?
Victoria
Volta
Tanganyika
Malawi
23. Which country controlled Eritrea between 1882–1936?
Italy
Spain
Germany
France
24. Rhodesia was an unrecognized state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to which modern country?
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
South Africa
25. What river flows along Botswana's southern border before emptying into the Indian Ocean?
Niger
Zambezi
Congo
Limpopo
26. Which explorer first reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1488?
Ferdinand Magellan
Vasco da Gama
Henry the Navigator
Bartolomeu Dias
27. What ethnic group of Tanzania and Kenya live a semi-nomadic life based on cattle herding?
Maasai
Berber
Zulu
Bushmen
28. What country which completely surrounds Lesotho?
Namibia
Zimbabwe
Botswana
South Africa
29. From which European country Algeria gained its independence in 1962?
France
Spain
United Kingdom
Belgium
30. The Victoria lake's area is divided among three countries. Which country is not one of them?
Uganda
Tanzania
Kenya
Zambia
31. What is official language in Angola?
Spanish
English
French
Portuguese
32. What area south of Sahara with semi-arid climate stretches between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea?
Maghreb
Oranje
Kalahari
Sahel
33. The name of what African country derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea?
Somalia
Ethiopia
Eritrea
Sudan
34. What is official language in Senegal?
Arabic
English
Swahili
French
35. What is the most-spoken first language in Africa?
Arabic
Portuguese
French
English
36. Which European country colonized Namibia between 1884 and 1915?
United Kingdom
France
Germany
Portugal
37. What Spanish islands are located just off the coast of Morocco?
Madeira
Canary
Balearic
Azores
38. What is the name of mountain range spanning the north of Algeria?
Elgon
Meru
Atlas
Rwenzori
39. What was the former name of the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1971 to 1997?
Dahomey
Rhodesia
Brazzaville
Zaire
40. What African river is the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m?
Limpopo
Nile
Zambezi
Congo
41. What ethnic group is made up of Egyptian Christians?
Berbers
Copts
Tutsi
Hutu
42. What is the name of the strait between Morocco and Spain?
Dardanelles
Bab-el-Mandeb
Bosphorus
Gibraltar
43. Which African country has flag that is nearly identical to flag of Romania?
Chad
Gabon
Cameroon
Benin
44. In which African region are the Ahaggar mountains located?
Northern Africa
Central Africa
Western Africa
Eastern Africa
45. What is the name of Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa?
Bizerte
Gibraltar
Tangier
Ceuta
46. Which is the longest river in Africa?
Niger
Nile
Zambezi
Congo
47. In which body of water is the island of Comoros located?
Indian ocean
Atlantic ocean
Mediterranean sea
Red sea
48. What disputed territory is divided between Morocco and the Sahrawi Republic?
Palestine
Gaza Strip
West Bank
Western Sahara
49. What is the official language of Egypt?
Arabic
French
English
Persian
50. What is the name of the strait between Red sea and Gulf of Aden?
Suez
Dardanelles
Gibraltar
Bab-el Mandeb
51. Afrikaans language of South Africa evolved from what European language?
Spanish
French
Dutch
German
52. What is the name of the region of North Africa that includes Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia?
Sahel
Mayombe
Nubia
Maghreb
53. What European country colonized Tunisia?
Portugal
Spain
France
Italy
54. What African river does not have an outlet to the sea and instead it discharges into the basin in the Kalahari Desert?
Congo
Zambezi
Oranje
Okavango
55. What ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short live primarily in Congo basin?
Pygmy
Bantu
Maasai
Zulu
56. What is the name of the gulf of the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean from Gabon to Liberia?
Gulf of Ghana
Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Nigeria
Gulf of Cameroon
57. What was the colonial name of Ghana?
Gold Coast
White Coast
Ivory Coast
Silver Coast
58. Half of Botswana's territory lies in what desert?
Kalahari
Gobi
Sahara
Namib
59. What African country was formerly known as Abyssinia?
Ethiopia
Kenya
Sudan
Somalia
60. The Serengeti hosts the second largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world. Where is it located?
Tanzania
Kenya
Namibia
South Africa
61. There are only three sovereign monarchies in Africa. Which country is not monarchy?
Eswatini
Lesotho
Mali
Morocco
62. From which country Eritrea became independent in 1993?
Somalia
Sudan
Egypt
Ethiopia
63. What are official languages in Morocco?
English and French
Berber and English
French and Arabic
Arabic and Berber
64. Which European country colonized Burkina Faso from 1896 to 1960?
Spain
France
Netherlands
Belgium
65. In what body of water is Mauritius located?
Mediterranean sea
Indian ocean
Red sea
Atlantic ocean
66. Which European country briefly colonized Libya?
Italy
France
Spain
Germany
67. In which country is Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa located?
Tanzania
Uganda
D.R. Congo
Kenya
68. Which ocean gulf is located between Somalia and Arabian peninsula?
Persian gulf
Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Guinea
69. Which European country colonized the Democratic Republic of Congo?
France
Netherlands
Belgium
Germany
70. What is the largest country in Africa by size?
South Africa
Egypt
Algeria
D.R. Congo
2 Comments
+1
Level 77
Feb 20, 2021
Great quiz. Thank you.
+1
Level 53
Feb 20, 2021
Thanks :)