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Geography of Africa

Test your knowledge about geography of Africa.
Quiz by Nenadbs
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Last updated: November 17, 2023
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First submittedFebruary 20, 2021
Times taken64
Average score80.0%
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1. Which Scottish missionary and explorer, is believed to have been the first European to view the Victoria Falls in 1855?
David Livingstone
Henry Stanley
Francis Drake
John Cabot
2. What country was created after referendum in Sudan in 2011?
South Sudan
Burundi
North Sudan
Eritrea
3. Nubia is a region along what river in Africa?
Zambezi
Congo
Nile
Niger
4. What country colonized Cameroon from 1884 to 1916, calling it Kamerun?
Germany
Netherlands
United Kingdom
France
5. What was the only color that appeared on the former flag of Libya from 1977 to 2011?
Green
Blue
White
Red
6. What is the former name of Benin?
Dahomey
Upper Volta
Rhodesia
Swaziland
7. From which country Gabon gained its independence in 1960?
France
Italy
Belgium
United Kingdom
8. What is the second largest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro?
Elgon
Kenya
Atlas
Rwenzori
9. There are three capital cities of South Africa. Which city is not the capital?
Bloemfontein
Pretoria
Johannesburg
Cape Town
10. Victoria Falls are located on the border between what two countries?
South Africa and Mozambique
Angola and DR Congo
Botswana and Namibia
Zambia and Zimbabwe
11. Sibebe is the second-largest monolith in the world located near the capital city Mbabane. Which country is this?
Zambia
Eswatini
Rwanda
Lesotho
12. Which ecosystem does not exist in Africa?
Taiga
Savanna
Tropical rainforest
Steppe
13. Djibouti have a coastline along what body of water?
Mediterranean sea
Indian ocean
Atlantic ocean
Red sea
14. Which African country was known as Upper Volta until 1984?
Benin
Mauritania
Ethiopia
Burkina Faso
15. From which country Botswana gained its independence in 1966?
Belgium
United Kingdom
Spain
France
16. What is official language in Benin?
French
Spanish
English
Italian
17. Which two rivers merge in the capital of Sudan, Khartoum, and form the Nile River?
White and Blue Nile
Yellow and White Nile
Blue and Green Nile
Green and Yellow Nile
18. What country in Africa has the highest population?
Egypt
South Africa
Ethiopia
Nigeria
19. Zanzibar is a semi-autonomous region of which country?
South Africa
Tanzania
Kenya
Mozambique
20. What lake in Africa is the world's second oldest and second deepest freshwater lake?
Kivu
Victoria
Malawi
Tanganyika
21. In what part of Africa mainly Bushmen, also known as San people live?
Southern Africa
Western Africa
Eastern Africa
Northern Africa
22. Which is the largest lake in Africa?
Victoria
Volta
Tanganyika
Malawi
23. Which country controlled Eritrea between 1882–1936?
Spain
France
Germany
Italy
24. Rhodesia was an unrecognized state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to which modern country?
Zambia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
25. What river flows along Botswana's southern border before emptying into the Indian Ocean?
Limpopo
Zambezi
Congo
Niger
26. Which explorer first reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1488?
Henry the Navigator
Bartolomeu Dias
Ferdinand Magellan
Vasco da Gama
27. What ethnic group of Tanzania and Kenya live a semi-nomadic life based on cattle herding?
Bushmen
Zulu
Berber
Maasai
28. What country which completely surrounds Lesotho?
Zimbabwe
Botswana
South Africa
Namibia
29. From which European country Algeria gained its independence in 1962?
Spain
United Kingdom
Belgium
France
30. The Victoria lake's area is divided among three countries. Which country is not one of them?
Kenya
Uganda
Zambia
Tanzania
31. What is official language in Angola?
English
French
Spanish
Portuguese
32. What area south of Sahara with semi-arid climate stretches between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea?
Kalahari
Maghreb
Oranje
Sahel
33. The name of what African country derived from the ancient Greek name for the Red Sea?
Somalia
Ethiopia
Eritrea
Sudan
34. What is official language in Senegal?
Arabic
English
French
Swahili
35. What is the most-spoken first language in Africa?
Portuguese
Arabic
English
French
36. Which European country colonized Namibia between 1884 and 1915?
Germany
United Kingdom
Portugal
France
37. What Spanish islands are located just off the coast of Morocco?
Madeira
Canary
Balearic
Azores
38. What is the name of mountain range spanning the north of Algeria?
Atlas
Meru
Elgon
Rwenzori
39. What was the former name of the Democratic Republic of Congo from 1971 to 1997?
Dahomey
Brazzaville
Rhodesia
Zaire
40. What African river is the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m?
Zambezi
Limpopo
Nile
Congo
41. What ethnic group is made up of Egyptian Christians?
Berbers
Hutu
Tutsi
Copts
42. What is the name of the strait between Morocco and Spain?
Bosphorus
Bab-el-Mandeb
Gibraltar
Dardanelles
43. Which African country has flag that is nearly identical to flag of Romania?
Gabon
Cameroon
Chad
Benin
44. In which African region are the Ahaggar mountains located?
Western Africa
Eastern Africa
Central Africa
Northern Africa
45. What is the name of Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa?
Ceuta
Gibraltar
Bizerte
Tangier
46. Which is the longest river in Africa?
Nile
Zambezi
Congo
Niger
47. In which body of water is the island of Comoros located?
Red sea
Mediterranean sea
Indian ocean
Atlantic ocean
48. What disputed territory is divided between Morocco and the Sahrawi Republic?
West Bank
Palestine
Gaza Strip
Western Sahara
49. What is the official language of Egypt?
English
Persian
Arabic
French
50. What is the name of the strait between Red sea and Gulf of Aden?
Gibraltar
Bab-el Mandeb
Suez
Dardanelles
51. Afrikaans language of South Africa evolved from what European language?
Spanish
Dutch
German
French
52. What is the name of the region of North Africa that includes Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia?
Nubia
Sahel
Mayombe
Maghreb
53. What European country colonized Tunisia?
France
Portugal
Spain
Italy
54. What African river does not have an outlet to the sea and instead it discharges into the basin in the Kalahari Desert?
Okavango
Oranje
Congo
Zambezi
55. What ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short live primarily in Congo basin?
Zulu
Maasai
Pygmy
Bantu
56. What is the name of the gulf of the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean from Gabon to Liberia?
Gulf of Cameroon
Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Nigeria
Gulf of Ghana
57. What was the colonial name of Ghana?
Ivory Coast
Gold Coast
Silver Coast
White Coast
58. Half of Botswana's territory lies in what desert?
Kalahari
Namib
Gobi
Sahara
59. What African country was formerly known as Abyssinia?
Kenya
Sudan
Somalia
Ethiopia
60. The Serengeti hosts the second largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world. Where is it located?
Kenya
South Africa
Tanzania
Namibia
61. There are only three sovereign monarchies in Africa. Which country is not monarchy?
Morocco
Eswatini
Lesotho
Mali
62. From which country Eritrea became independent in 1993?
Egypt
Somalia
Ethiopia
Sudan
63. What are official languages in Morocco?
French and Arabic
Arabic and Berber
English and French
Berber and English
64. Which European country colonized Burkina Faso from 1896 to 1960?
Spain
Netherlands
Belgium
France
65. In what body of water is Mauritius located?
Mediterranean sea
Atlantic ocean
Red sea
Indian ocean
66. Which European country briefly colonized Libya?
Spain
Germany
Italy
France
67. In which country is Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa located?
Tanzania
D.R. Congo
Kenya
Uganda
68. Which ocean gulf is located between Somalia and Arabian peninsula?
Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Guinea
Gulf of Oman
Persian gulf
69. Which European country colonized the Democratic Republic of Congo?
France
Belgium
Netherlands
Germany
70. What is the largest country in Africa by size?
D.R. Congo
South Africa
Egypt
Algeria
+1
Level 77
Feb 20, 2021
Great quiz. Thank you.
+1
Level 53
Feb 20, 2021
Thanks :)