Learning in Psychology

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Quiz by mollyfriedl
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Last updated: March 13, 2015
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First submittedMarch 13, 2015
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learning by association
classical conditioning
something that produces a reaction
stimulus
causes a response that is automatic, not learned
unconditional stimulus
automatic response
unconditional response
no association with the unconditioned response. Paired with UCS
neutral stimulus
learned reponse to stimulus that was previously neutral
condtional response
learned stimulus
conditioned stimulus
studied relationship between nervous system and digestion. experimented with dogs
ivan pavlov
people learn primarily through these two things:
experiencing events and observing the relationships between the events
relatively permanent change in behavior acquired through experience
learning
quick relearning of a conditional response after extinction
reconditioning
after a conditional response is acquired, similar stimuli elicit a response, but to a lesser degree
stimulus generalization
learn to differentiate among similar stimuli
stimulus discrimination
exposed to harmless stimulus until fear response is extinguished
flooding
exposed gradually to stimulus but remain calm
systematic desensitization
belived that fears could be relieved
joseph wolpe
stimuli that increase the likelihood that behavior that follows will be repeated
reinforcers
"law of effect" studied with cats
edward thorndike
responses that have satisfying effects are more likely to recur, those with unpleasant effects are less likely to recur
reinforcement and punishment
Hint
Answer
studied rats and pigeons and operan conditioning
bf skinner
free will is an illusion, human behavior is determined by environmental and genetic influences(controversial)
radical behaviorism
process of learning in which consequences of a response determine the probability that the response will be repeated
operant conditioning
type of reinforcer, stimulus that the value does not need to be taught
primary
type of reinforcer, must be learned, not materialistic
secondary
increase the frequency of behavior, adding
positive
increase the frequnecy of behavior, taking away, behavior is reinforced because something unwanted stops
negative
name the four drawbacks of punishment
may suppress undesirable behavior, does not teach new behavior, can have undesirable consequences, may become abusive, and may represent a form of inappropriate modeling
tendency to give up because of environment, learn to accept certain consequences
learned helplessness
mentally wokring a problem, restructure the problem in your mind until you see its parts come together to form a solution, sudden understanding of how to solve problems
insight
learning that remains hidden until it is needed or reinforced
latent learning
give and example of latent learning
cognitive map
put rats in a maze and trained them to run through for food
edward c tolman
used insight to train a chimp and what is the chimps name
wolfgang kohler and sultan
influenced by seeing or hearing about consequences of others behavior
vicarious conditioning
kids in a classroom, social learning, vicarious learning, modeling
albert bandura
acquire knowledge and skills by observing an imitating others, much of human learning, especially children
observational learning
give an example of observational learning
bobo dolls experiment
how to apple operant conditioning
behavior modification and token economy
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