Logical Fallacies

How many do you know?
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Quiz by Noni1029
Last updated: May 24, 2021
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First submittedMay 24, 2021
Times taken61
Average score33.3%
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You misrepresented someone's argument to make it easier to attack
Presuming that a real or perceived relationship between things means that one is the cause of the other
False Cause
Manipulating an emotional response in place of a valid or compelling argument
Appeal to Emotion
Presuming that because a claim has been poorly argued, or a fallacy has been made, that the claim itself must be wrong
Fallacy Fallacy
Asserting that if we allow A to happen, then Z will consequently happen too, therefore A should not happen
Slippery Slope
Attacking your opponent's character or personal traits in an attempt to undermine their argument
Ad hominem
Avoiding having to engage with criticism by turning it back on the accuser - answering criticism with criticism
Tu quoque
Saying that because one finds something difficult to understand that it's therefore not true
Personal Incredulity
Moving the goalposts or making up exceptions when a claim is shown to be false
Special Pleading
Asking a question that has a presumption built into it so that it can't be answered without appearing guilty
Loaded Question
Saying that the burden of proof lies not with the person making the claim, but with someone else to disprove
Burden of Proof
Using double meanings or ambiguities of language to mislead or misrepresent the truth
Believing that 'runs' occur to statistically independent phenomena such as roulette wheel spins
Gambler's Fallacy
Appealing to popularity or the fact that many people do something as an attempted form of validation
Saying that because an authority thinks something, it must therefore be true
Appeal to Authority
Assuming that what's true about one part of something has to be applied to all, or other, parts of it
Making what could be called an appeal to purity as a way to dismiss relevant criticisms or flaws of an argument
No True Scotsman
Judging something good or bad on the basis of where it comes from, or from whom it comes
Where two alternative states are presented as the only possibilities, when in fact more possibilities exist
Black or White
A circular argument in which the conclusion is included in the premise
Begging the Question
Making the argument that because something is 'natural' it is therefore valid, justified, inevitable, good, or ideal
Appeal to Nature
Using personal experience or an isolated example instead of a valid argument, especially to dismiss statistics
Cherry-picking data clusters to suit an argument, or finding a pattern to fit a presumption
Texas Sharpshooter
Saying that a compromise, or middle point, between two extremes is the truth
Middle Ground
Level 76
May 24, 2021
I loved your caveat. It's true!