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19th Century European History

Provided the clues, you must guess the person / object / country / event associated with it. There are a hundred questions, one for each year of the 19th century (1801-1900).
For the answers which require the name of a person, just writing the surname is acceptable.
Quiz by Brainstorm
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Last updated: June 30, 2022
First submittedJune 30, 2022
Times taken22
Average score49.0%
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Year
Event
Answer
1801
Tsar Paul I of Russia is murdered. Who succeeds him?
Alexander I
1802
This musician publishes Piano Sonata No.14.
Ludwig van Beethoven
1803
The colonial authorities of this European empire surrender to Haitian forces, and one year later, Haiti would gain independence.
France
1804
Francis II assumes the title of emperor of this major European power.
Austria
1805
In this battle, Horatio Nelson defeats the French fleet off the coast of Spain.
Battle of Trafalgar
1806
Francis II's abdication results in the dissolution of this multi-ethnic European nation.
Holy Roman Empire
1807
This major conflict fought by Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom against France begins in the Iberian Peninsula.
Peninsular War
1808
Napoleon's brother, ______, takes the Spanish throne.
Joseph
1809
Russia annexes this European country following a war with Sweden.
Finland
1810
This renowned German playwright publishes his book 'Theory of Colours'.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1811
Through the Battle of Anholt, Great Britain maintained their hold of the island of Anholt. To which nation did it previously belong to?
Denmark-Norway
1812
This battle, the bloodiest one of the Napoleonic Wars, linked with Napoleon's invasion of Russia takes place.
Battle of Borodino
1813
This British author gets her novel 'Pride and Prejudice' published.
Jane Austen
1814
Napoleon is exiled to this island off the coast of modern-day Tuscany.
Elba
1815
The War of the Seventh Coalition, otherwise known as '_______ Days' begins in March and ends in June.
Hundred
1816
One of Gioachino Rossini's most famous operas premieres at the Teatro Argentina in Rome. Which is it?
The Barber of Seville
1817
German inventor Karl Drais invents the earliest form of this vehicle. It is known derogatorily as a 'dandy horse'.
Bicycle
1818
The Battle of Koregaon gave the British East India Company a victory over this confederacy/empire.
Maratha Empire
1819
This British/German astronomer makes the last telescopic observation of the Great Comet of 1819.
William Herschel
1820
This ship, that would later take young Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage around the world is launched.
HMS Beagle
1821
Napoleon dies in exile on Saint Helena of this cancer.
Stomach Cancer
1822
The Holy Alliance sends the Ottoman Empire an ultimatum after Ottoman suppression of Austrian subjects in Bucharest. The Holy Alliance is comprised of three major powers: Austria, Russia and _______.
Prussia
1823
This pope, known for being present at Napoleon's coronation, dies at age 81.
Pope Pius VII
1824
This English scientist, famous for his contributions to electromagnetism, is elected as a member of the Royal Society.
Michael Faraday
1825
The Stockton and Darlington _______, the first of its kind, opens in England.
Railway
1826
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, a French inventor, takes the first photograph, known as 'View from the W_____ at Le Gras'.
Window
1827
This English naturalist is admitted to Christ's College, in Cambridge.
Charles Darwin
1828
This Anglo-Irish soldier, famous for defeating Napoleon at Waterloo, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Arthur Wellesley
1829
The War of Independence of this Balkan nation ends.
Greece
1830
The ____ Revolution in France takes place, which led to the overthrow of Charles X.
July
1831
Victor Hugo finishes writing the now renowned gothic novel, 'The Hunchback of _____-____'.
Notre-Dame
1832
An epidemic of this diarrheal illness in London claims at least 3,000 lives.
Cholera
1833
Ada Lovelace, English mathematician, is introduced to this pioneer of computing.
Charles Babbage
1834
Slavery is abolished in this major European empire.
British Empire
1835
This French composer's 'Grand Polonaise Brillante' premieres in Paris.
Frederic Chopin
1836
Charles Dickens' first book, 'The P_______ P_____' is published.
The Pickwick Papers
1837
Queen Victoria accedes the throne, and chooses this palace to be the London residence of the British monarch.
Buckingham Palace
1838
A combination of rain and melting snow cause this European river, the second-longest in the continent, to overflow its banks.
Danube River
1839
French artist, Louis Daguerre, invents this process of photography.
Daguerreotype
1840
The first adhesive postage stamp is issued in Britain, named 'Penny _____'.
Black
1841
This Irish playwright's play, 'London Assurance' premiers in London. He is particularly famous for his melodramas.
Dion Boucicault
1842
The Austrian physicist, Christian _______ discovers the self-named phenomenon regarding the change in frequency of waves.
Doppler
1843
The steamboat, SS Great Britain, built by this renowned civil engineer, is launched into Bristol's Floating Harbour.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
1844
This American showman, famous for his circuses, tours Europe and meets Queen Victoria.
P. T. Barnum
1845
In Ireland, an infestation kills one half of this crop, resulting in a widespread famine.
Potato
1846
German astronomer, Johann Gottfried Galle discovers which astronomical body in the Solar System?
Neptune
1847
Emily Brontë gets this novel, her only one, published.
Wuthering Heights
1848
A series of r__________ take place throughout Europe, primarily for the establishment of more liberal governments.
Revolutions
1849
This Russian writer, known for his psychological novels, such as 'Crime and Punishment', is arrested in Saint Petersburg.
Fyodor Dostoevsky
1850
This well known English poet succeeds William Wordsworth as British Poet Laurate. He is known for such works as 'Mariana'.
Alfred Tennyson
1851
This Italian composer's opera, 'Rigoletto' premieres in Venice. In fact, he is particularly famous for his operas.
Giuseppe Verdi
1852
The first edition of this widely used language book is published. It was written by British lexicographer, Peter Roget.
Thesaurus
1853
This empire declares war on the Russian Empire, beginning the Crimean War.
Ottoman Empire
1854
The Charge of the Light _______, during the Battle of Balaclava, results in over 100 men killed.
Brigade
1855
This Hungarian composer's symphonic poem, 'Prometheus' premieres.
Franz Liszt
1856
The nations which had fought in the Crimean War sign the Treaty of _____, ending the war.
Paris
1857
The power of this British joint-stock company ends following the Sepoy Mutiny.
British East India Company
1858
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on this zoological theory are read to the Linnean Society.
Evolution
1859
The Battle of Solferino ends, in which Piedmont-Sardinia, and France emerge victorious over Austria, ruled by _____ ______.
Franz Joseph I
1860
This British novelist writes her second novel of seven, titled, 'The Mill on the Floss'.
George Eliot
1861
The Emancipation of the _____ in Russia gives them the full rights of free citizens.
Serfs
1862
___________ Bridge across The Thames in London opens, becoming the second such bridge after an earlier one fell into decay.
Westminster
1863
The Salon des Refusés opens in Paris. Various works are exhibited, featuring those of Paul Cézanne, Camille ________, and Édouard Manet.
Pissarro
1864
The First ______ Convention "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field", in which 16 states were represented, takes place.
Geneva
1865
This well-known England cricketer plays first-class cricket for his first season, of 44.
W. G. Grace
1866
The Treaty of Prague ends this European war.
Austro-Prussian War
1867
This German philosopher finishes writing the first volume of his book 'Das Kapital'.
Karl Marx
1868
This British politician is elected Prime Minister for the first time.
Benjamin Disraeli
1869
Elizabeth Blackwall along with this British statistician open the Women's Medical College in England.
Florence Nightingale
1870
The emperor of France, ________ declares war on the North German Confederation.
Napoleon III
1871
This nation finally unifies after 56 years of rebellions.
Italy
1872
This stratovolcano in Italy erupts.
Mount Vesuvius
1873
Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent the first blue _____ with copper rivets.
Jeans
1874
The first Impressionist exhibition opens in Paris, featuring the works of Claude Monet, Edgar _____, and others.
Degas
1875
French composer Georges Bizet's last and most famous opera, '______' premieres in Paris.
Carmen
1876
Scottish inventor Alexander Graham Bell makes the first phone call. He says "Mr. ______, come here, I want to see you.".
Watson
1877
This sports tournament is held for the first time, in London.
Wimbledon
1878
This Bulgarian city is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
Sofia
1879
This German composer's 'Violin Concerto in D Major' premieres in Leipzig.
Johannes Brahms
1880
This French sculptor begins work on the sculpture 'The Gates of Hell'.
Auguste Rodin
1881
This pope publishes the encyclical 'Diuturnum illud'.
Pope Leo XIII
1882
The construction of this basilica commences in Barcelona.
La Sagrada Familia
1883
This Tsar is crowned in Russia. He is known as "The Peacemaker".
Alexander III
1884
The Berlin Conference commences, in which European powers discussed carving up ______.
Africa
1885
Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist, develops the earliest effective vaccine against this infection.
Rabies
1886
John Pemberton begins to advertise this then newly invented beverage.
Coca-Cola
1887
This Russian chemist, famous for creating the periodic table, makes a solo ascent by balloon above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse.
Dmitri Mendeleev
1888
The body of this unidentified serial killer's first victim is found in Whitechapel.
Jack the Ripper
1889
This renowned German philosopher suffers a mental breakdown supposedly after witnessing a horse being flogged.
Friedrich Nietzsche
1890
This German Chancellor resigns after 19 years in power, following disagreement with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
Otto von Bismarck
1891
The first telephone connection between London and _____ opens.
Paris
1892
This politician becomes the Prime Minister of Great Britain for the fourth and final time.
William Ewart Gladstone
1893
This British author first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5-year-old boy.
Beatrix Potter
1894
This political scandal begins that would divide the French Third Republic until 1906. It began when a certain soldier of Jewish ancestry was convicted of treason.
Dreyfus Affair
1895
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet '____ ____' premiers in St. Petersburg.
Swan Lake
1896
Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather as the then longest reigning monarch in British history. Who had previously held this title?
King George III
1897
This playwright is released from Reading Gaol.
Oscar Wilde
1898
Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover the radioactive elements, Radium and ________.
Polonium
1899
The Second Boer War begins, fought between the British Empire and the two Boer republics: the Transvaal Republic and the ______ ____ _____.
Orange Free State
1900
This German inventor invents the self-named airship, which would be used primarily in World War I.
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
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