Statistics for The 100 Greatest Americans

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General Stats

  • This quiz has been taken 100 times
  • The average score is 44 of 100

Answer Stats

LifetimeExpertiseAccomplishmentsAmericans% Correct
1809-1865PoliticsLed the Union during the Civil War; the most crucial figure in the passage of the XIIIᵗʰ Amendment to abolish slavery.Abraham Lincoln
100%
1929-1968ActivismArguably the frontman of the Civil Rights movement; gave his oration: 'I've Been to the Mountaintop'.Martin Luther King, Jr.
98%
1913-2005Social ReformIgnited the Montgomery bus boycott; led the movement to prohibit racially segregated buses.Rosa Parks
95%
1882-1945PoliticsIssued the New Deal, including the CCC, WPA, FSA and SSA; oversaw the suspension of the gold standard.Franklin D. Roosevelt
94%
1732-1799Military/PoliticsThe first commander of the Continental Army; established the presidency as recognised today.George Washington
94%
1743-1826PoliticsChiefly wrote the Declaration of Independence; approved the Louisiana Purchase from Napoleonic France.Thomas Jefferson
91%
1847-1931Innovation/BusinessPioneered the phonograph, kinetoscope and DC electricity; established the first industrial research lab.Thomas Edison
80%
1879-1955PhysicsA key figure in the introduction of quantum mechanics; devised the photoelectric effect and Brownian motion.Albert Einstein
74%
1705-1790Politics/ScienceThe first Postmaster General; led the innovation of optics and electricity during the Enlightenment period.Benjamin Franklin
73%
1822-1913Social ReformRescued escaped slaves via the Underground Railroad; supported John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry.Harriet Tubman
72%
1917-1963PoliticsEased U.S-Soviet tensions following the Cuban Missile Crisis; created the 'New Frontier' welfare program.John F. Kennedy
72%
1897-1939?AviationThe first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean; influenced the formation of the 99s - for female pilots.Amelia Earhart
71%
1863-1947Innovation/BusinessChief developer of the assembly line technique of mass production; pioneered the five-day work week.Henry Ford
68%
1935-1977MusicPropagated the rock and roll genre with such songs as 'Blue Suede Shoes'; starred in romatic films, including 'Blue Hawaii'.Elvis Presley
67%
1880-1968Social ReformLeading disability rights advocate due to her deafblindnesss; worked for the American Foundation for the Blind.Helen Keller
65%
1904-1967PhysicsKnown as the "father of the atomic bomb" for his role in the Manhattan Project; called to avert nuclear proliferation.J. Robert Oppenheimer
63%
1901-1966CinemaPioneered Technicolor, feature-length, and synchronised-sound cartoons; produced such entertainment films as 'Mary Poppins'.Walt Disney
63%
born 1961PoliticsSigned the Affordable Care Act to expand healthcare; regulated the financial sector with the passage of the Dodd-Frank Act.Barack Obama
62%
1930-1978PoliticsThe first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California; broadly sympathised with the 1960s counterculture.Harvey Milk
62%
1751-1836PoliticsDrafted the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights and The Federalist Papers; led the United States during the War of 1812.James Madison
62%
1913-1980SportsWon four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games; specialised in the sprints and the long jump.Jesse Owens
62%
born 1946CinemaPioneered the blockbuster, such as 'Saving Private Ryan'; popularised historical dramas with such films as 'The Post'.Steven Spielberg
61%
1858-1919PoliticsLed the Rough Riders in the Spanish-American War; ignited the Progressive Era through his anti-trust and welfare policies.Theodore Roosevelt
61%
1904-1991LiteratureWrote and illustrated numerous children's books, such as 'The Cat in the Hat'; drew cartoons for such magazines as 'Life'.Theodore Seuss Geisel
61%
1919-1972SportsPlayed baseball for the Brooklyn Dodgers and broke the sport's colour line; won the NL Most Valuable Player Award in 1949.Jackie Robinson
60%
1925-1965Social ReformOrated 'The Ballot or the Bullet' speech in 1964; a prominent spokesman for the Nation of Islam.Malcolm X
60%
1856-1924PoliticsFounded the League of Nations through the Fourteen Points; advocated the eight-hour workday and regulation of child labour.Woodrow Wilson
60%
born 1948PoliticsExpanded access to the Internet (did not invent it); wrote 'An Inconvenient Truth' to raise awareness on climate change.Al Gore
57%
1902-1968LiteratureExplored the downtrodden and penniless in his works, such as in 'Of Mice and Men'; utilised a 'sense of place' in literature.John Steinbeck
57%
1928-2014Literature/ReformAuthored civil rights-centred poems, such as 'Still I Rise'; wrote her autobiography: 'I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings'.Maya Angelou
56%
1820-1906Social ReformCo-founded the National Woman Suffrage Association; advocated for temperance well before the XIXᵗʰ Amendment.Susan B. Anthony
56%
1767-1845PoliticsFamed hero of the Battle of New Orleans; the first 'populist' president - framing modern democracy.Andrew Jackson
55%
1942-1970MusicContributed to psychedelic rock, with such albums as 'Electric Ladyland'; implemented fuzz distortion and audio feedback.Jimi Hendrix
54%
born 1924PoliticsPursued the Camp David Accords and SALT II; contributed to the non-profit organisation: 'Habitat for Humanity'.Jimmy Carter
52%
1839-1937BusinessEstablished the Standard Oil Company; founded institutions for medical research and the University of Chicago.John D. Rockefeller
52%
1867/71-1912/48InnovationCreated a three-axis control system in flight dynamics; conducted extensive glider tests with their aircraft.The Wright brothers
52%
1757-1804PoliticsA pivotal figure behind the charter of the first national bank; penned the majority of the Federalist Papers.Alexander Hamilton
50%
born 1955/64Business/ReformJointly established a private charity foundation to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty across the world.Bill & Melinda Gates
50%
1809-1849LiteratureInfluential writer in the Romantic era - adopting a macabre style in his works; wrote such mystic poems as 'Annabel Lee'.Edgar Allan Poe
50%
1936-1990CinemaCreated 'The Muppets' - innovating puppetry; won fame with his characters, such as Kermit the Frog and Rowlf the Dog.Jim Henson
50%
1818?-1895Social ReformWrote 'Narrative of the Life of ---, an American Slave; was appointed Minister Resident to Haiti in 1889.Frederick Douglass
49%
1901-1971MusicRenowned for his emotional and creative expression as a jazz soloist; recorded such tunes as 'La Vie en Rose'.Louis Armstrong
49%
1835-1919BusinessLaid the foundation of the U.S. Steel Corporation; supported progressive taxation and an estate tax.Andrew Carnegie
48%
1867-1959ArchitecturePioneered organic architecture, exemplified in his 'Fallingwater' house; developed the concept of the 'Usonian' home.Frank Lloyd Wright
46%
1955-2011Innovation/BusinessDeveloped the 'Lisa': one of the first computers with a graphical user interface; directed Pixar and helped produce 'Toy Story'.Steve Jobs
46%
1890-1969Military/PoliticsLed Operation Torch in the North African campaign in World War Two; oversaw the start of NASA and the Space Race.Dwight Eisenhower
45%
1817-1862Natural PhilosophyLeading transcendentalist philosopher; penned the essay 'Civil Disobedience': arguing for disobedience to an unjust state.Henry David Thoreau
45%
1914-1995BiologyDeveloped one of the first successful polio vaccines; attempted to research a vaccine against HIV.Jonas Salk
45%
born 1947PoliticsAdvocated the Foster Care Independence Act and the CHIP; was Secretary of State during the Arab Spring.Hillary Clinton
44%
born 1928BiologyProposed the double helix structure of the DNA molecule; championed an increased focus in molecular biology.James Watson
44%
1896-1940LiteratureWrote novels depicting the flamboyance of the Jazz Age, such as 'Tender is the Night'; pioneered modernist literature.F. Scott Fitzgerald
43%
1905-1982Ethical PhilosophyDeveloped Objectivism as an ethical system; wrote 'The Fountainhead', defining her individualistic thought.Ayn Rand
41%
1835-1910LiteraturePenned such American classics as 'Pudd'nhead Wilson'; passionately criticised political corruption and imperialism.Mark Twain
41%
born 1930Law/PoliticsThe first female justice of the Supreme Court; decided in such cases as Grutter v. Bollinger and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld.Sandra Day O’Connor
41%
1878-1968Politics/LiteratureWrote 'The Jungle' - exposing sanitary conditions in the U.S. meatpacking industry; publicized the issue of yellow journalism.Upton Sinclair
41%
1927-1993Social ReformOrganised the United Farm Workers labour union; promoted the rights of Chicanos and workers with wage standards.Cesar Chavez
40%
born 1928Linguistics/ReformA critic of the U.S. interventionist foreign policy; created the minimalist program - modelling the understanding of language.Noam Chomsky
40%
1824-1885Military/PoliticsCreated the Justice Department to protect African Americans during Reconstruction; led the successful Vicksburg campaign.Ulysses S. Grant
40%
1880-1959MilitaryGeneral of the Army during World War Two; advocated a U.S. economic commitment to post-war European recovery.George C. Marshall
39%
1926-1991MusicLed a jazz quintet - defining jazz fusion in the post-World War Two period; recorded the modal jazz album 'Kind of Blue'.Miles Davis
39%
1856-1915Social ReformSupported racial uplift through gradual means; founded Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute.Booker T. Washington
37%
born 1954MediaLed a syndicated daytime talk show for 25 years; voiced several movie characters, such as Gussie in 'Charlotte's Web'.Oprah Winfrey
37%
1755-1835Law/PoliticsImplemented the principle of 'separation of powers'; decided McCulloch v. Maryland and Marbury v. Madison.John Marshall
33%
1925-2008CinemaStarred in major film roles, such as Hud Bannon in 'Hud'; partook in racing events, including the 24 Hours of Daytona.Paul Newman
33%
1847-1922InnovationCo-founded AT&T Corporation for early telecommunication; developed an early metal detector and hydroplane.Alexander Graham Bell
32%
1899-1974MusicPioneered the big-band jazz orchestra as a pianist; composed tunes with a "Spanish tinge", such as 'Caravan'.Duke Ellington
32%
1925-1968PoliticsThe icon of modern liberalism for his efforts in social and economic equality; fought organised crime and the Mafia.Robert F. Kennedy
32%
1897-1962LiteratureUsed the 'stream-of-consciousness' method in characterisation; an icon of Southern literature with such novels as 'Sartoris'.William Faulkner
32%
1840-1877Military?Led the South Dakota-based Oglala tribe; fought in the Black Hills War, and defeated Custer in the Battle of the Little Bighorn.Crazy Horse
30%
1856-1943Innovation/ScienceIntroduced mainstream domestic current - induction motors and dynamos; devised potential for wireless communication.Nikola Tesla
30%
1907-1964BiologyWrote 'Silent Spring' - advancing the global environmental movement; served in the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries.Rachel Carson
30%
1868-1963Social ReformOne of the founders of the NAACP; insisted on unequivocal civil rights and representation for African-Americans.W.E.B. Dubois
30%
(multiple)MilitaryFirst African American soldiers to enter the Army Air Corps; served in World War Two in Fighter and Bombardment Groups.Tuskegee Airmen
29%
1838-1914EnvironmentalismPreserved such wilderness area as Yosemite Valley; founded the Sierra Club: a prominent conservation organisation.John Muir
28%
1894-1978PaintingPainted cultural and political paintings, such as 'Four Freedoms'; illustrated the covers for 'The Saturday Evening Post'.Norman Rockwell
27%
1803-1882Political PhilosophyA prominent individualist due to his essays, such as 'Self-Reliance'; established the 'transparent eyeball' metaphor.Ralph Waldo Emerson
27%
1901-1967Literature/ReformLed the Harlem Renaissance with his work on jazz poetry; wrote the short story collection 'The Ways of White Folks'.Langston Hughes
26%
1884-1962PoliticsServed as the first chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights; largely supported refugees and the right to education.Eleanor Roosevelt
24%
1908-1993Law/PoliticsArgued against 'separate but equal' in Brown v. Board of Education; considered a defender of the freedom of expression.Thurgood Marshall
24%
1897-1991CinemaDirected such 1930s classics as 'It Happened One Night'; was President of the Motion Picture Academy.Frank Capra
23%
born 1934Social ReformLed the movement of second-wave feminism; co-founded the feminist 'Ms.' magazine.Gloria Steinem
23%
1887-1986PaintingPioneered American modernism with such paintings as the 'Red Canna'; painted several works of desert landscapes.Georgia O’Keeffe
22%
1881-1956Aviation/InnovationFounded among the largest global aerospace manufacturers; led to the formation of 'United Airlines'.William Boeing
21%
1932-2009PoliticsAdvocated universal healthcare; defended government intervention with the oration: 'The Dream Shall Never Die'.Ted Kennedy
18%
born 1944Political PhilosophyMajorly active in the Communist Party USA and in the Occupy movement; attempted to abolish the prison-industrial complex.Angela Davis
17%
1815-1902Social ReformFounded the Woman's Loyal National League; started a newspaper called 'The Revolution' to discuss woman's rights.Elizabeth Cady Stanton
17%
1922-2010Political PhilosophyMajor socialist intellectual, authoring 'A People's History of the United States'; taught political science at Boston University.Howard Zinn
17%
1894-1956BiologyThe first major figure in sexology; influenced entomology with his research on the mating patterns of gall wasps.Alfred Kinsey
13%
1902-1984PhotographyFormulated the Zone System for determining optimal film exposure; took "pure" iconic photographs of the American West.Ansel Adams
13%
1819-1891LiteraturePenned several American Renaissance novels, including 'Typee'; wrote the epic poem 'Clarel', spanning 18,000 lines.Herman Melville
13%
1908-1965Journalism/MediaReported the latest developments in the Second World War on CBS; led the investigative program 'This I Believe'.Edward R. Murrow
12%
1915-1985CinemaDirected stage adaptations of literary classics, such as 'Caesar'; co-founded the Mercury Theatre in New York CIty.Orson Welles
12%
1862-1931Social ReformWrote 'A Red Record': an account about lynching of African-Americans; expressed activity in the Negro Women's Club.Ida B. Wells
11%
born 1954Social ReformDesegregated the all-white William Frantz Elementary School in Louisiana; advocates education against racism.Ruby Bridges
10%
born 1957LiteratureCo-authored the bestseller 'Three Cups of Tea'; promoted girls' education and literacy around the world.Greg Mortenson
7%
1934-1992Social ReformKey figure in third-wave feminism due to her theory relating it with race struggles; combatted classism through her poetry.Audre Lorde
4%
born 1936Social ReformWrote several books on public education in the United States; founded 'The Education Action Fund'.Jonathan Kozol
4%
1839-1903Physics/ChemistryCreated statistical mechanics to explain the laws of thermodynamics; invented modern vector calculus.Josiah Willard Gibbs
4%
1869-1939BiologyPioneered brain surgery and became the first exclusive neurosurgeon; introduced blood pressure measurement.Harvey Cushing
2%
1959-2022AnthropologyFounded 'Partners in Health' to provide healthcare in developing countries; worked to end the cholera epidemic in Haiti.Paul Farmer
2%

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