devolution a level politics

Quiz by sjdbc
Last updated: May 10, 2022
You have not attempted this quiz yet.
First submittedMay 7, 2022
Times taken2
Average score6.1%
Report this quizReport
Enter answer here
 / 147 guessed
The quiz is paused. You have remaining.
You scored / = %
This beats or equals % of test takers also scored 100%
The average score is
Your high score is
Your fastest time is
Keep scrolling down for answers and more stats ...
what is devolution?
the transfer of policy making powers to subnational institutions
what does this democratic shift give people represented by devolved institutions ?
a greater say
in what?
policies that affected them
which devolved body in the UK is most powerful?
Scottish Parliament
What did the welsh assembly not initially have?
primary legislative powers
when did it gain these powers?
2011 referendum
what does this show about devolution?
it can evolve and improve
when were devolved institutions established for Wales and Scotland?
what did Blair hold in order to establish them?
a referendum
when was it held?
what percentage of the Scottish electorate voted for a Scottish parliament?
what percentage of the Welsh electorate voted for a Welsh assembly?
(cont.) what was the turnout?
by which voting system is the Scottish parliament elected?
how many memebers (MSPs) does the Scottish Parliament have ?
how many are elected by FPTP?
how many are elected by PR?
why is proportional representation significant? (1)
broadly proportional
less wasted votes
more choice
when was the first Scotland Act
what did that give them? (1)
tax varying powers
primary legislative powers in a range of areas
areas such as?
health and education
limits on what they can legislate on are called?
reserved powers
which include?
nationality and immigration
why are the limits important?
parliament remains sovereign
when was the second Scottish Act?
what did it give them?
extended powers
such as? (1)
bedroom tax
(2) control over
half of vat receipts
road signs and speed limits
what did it fall short of (which the SNP were unhappy with)?
devo max
how many members does the welsh parliament have?
elected by which system?
how often are elections for it held?
every 5 years
what changed it from every 4 years?
the wales act 2014
who has been in power or in coalition since the first election in 1999?
what powers did it initially have?
executive and secondary legislative powers
what was the aim of the silk commission?
change devolution to serve the people of Wales
what was one policy area that devolved to the welsh parliament as a result of the silk commission?
landfill tax
politics is different in northern Ireland compared to the rest of the uk, why? (1)
communal conflict
unionists and nationalists
why? (2)
distinctive party system
elections are contested between?
unionist and nationalist parties
as opposed to?
UK parties
why? (3)
because of?
terrorist campaigns
why? (4)
governed differently
it was the only part of the UK to have its own parliament when?
what did years of peace negotiations result in?
the good Friday agreement
what did it establish?
power sharing devolution
how many members are in the northern Ireland assembly ?
elected by what system?
what legislative power does it have?
primary legislative power
what tax power does it have?
devolved corporation tax
when did it gain this?
but what does it not have (in terms of tax)?
major tax raising powers
ministerial posts are allocated on what?
a proportional basis
power sharing
ensuring that unionists and nationalists are?
both represented
example of a nationalist party?
sinn fein
example of a unionist party?
what is the only part of the UK that doesn't have its own devolved parliament?
what parties favour this idea ?
UKIP and conservative
arguments for - it would resolve what
english question
for- what would be more coherent ?
the system of devolution
for- it would give political expression to what?
English interests and identity
arguments against english parliament - it would create what between the devolved gov and UK parliament
against -devolution all around wouldn't work because England is what compared to other areas of the UK?
much bigger
against - what is the support for an english parliament?
english votes for english laws
what did the Blair government plan to create?
directly elected regional governments
what would they have had?
limited executive functions
why were these plans dropped?
78% voted no
in what?
a referendum
arguments for further devolution of regional assemblies in England
it would addresss the different what?
regional interests
for- as england is too large to have it's own devolved parliament, what would this create?
balanced devolution settlement
for- regional assemblies would take on the function of ?
unelected quangos
for- areas like cornwall and yorkshire have what?
a strong sense of regional identity
for- regional assemblies would be a catalyst for what?
economic and cultural regeneration
argument against the creation of regional assemblies
only a few areas of England have what?
a strong sense of identity
against- what would there be tensions between?
regional assemblies and local government
against- what would they be dominated by ?
urban interests
as opposed to ?
rural interests
against- how much support is there for a regional layer of devolved government in England?
very little
local government
what level of government are local authorities?
the lowest
in 2017, how many unitary authorities were there?
who were responsible for what?
local services
how many county councils were there?
what were there 36 of?
metropolitan borough councils
what is the local government called in london?
greater London authority
how many members does it have?
what is an example of something it is responsible for?
what does the mayor of the london assembly do? (1)
sets the budget
determines policy for the authority
what was the main mayoral initiative?
congestion charge
introduced when?
what type of mayors were also introduced as part of the conservative devolution agenda ?
metro mayors
how many regions have a metro mayor?
for example, for west midlands this is?
andy street
however there is very little ---- about this branch of devolution?
devolution has provided institutional recognition for what?
the distinctiveness of different regions
while also reflecting what?
their membership of the union
for example, some economic issues are specific to certain regions, such as economic problems in the?
welsh valleys
what are the problems in the welsh valleys ? (1)
industry failure
job shortages
millions spent on infrastructure
what failed plan was put in place to combat this?
blaina action plan
it is unlikely that politicians in westminster have an understanding of what?
regional issues
what kind of state are we officially?
a unitary state
what did Vernon bogdagor term the UK?
a quasi-federal state
should the UK become a federal state?
yes - it would establish a clearer relationship between who?
the UK government and national governments
yes- it would resolve anomalies like
the west lothian question
yes- the status of what would be clarified?
the Westminster parliament
yes- the house of lords could be
reformed or abolished
no- federalism only works when there isn't what
a dominant region
no-measures to reduce english dominance would be what
unpopular and problematic
no- disputes would still occur over what
no- there is little what for a federal UK
in what areas is policy divergence most evident ?
health and education
devolution encourages what in policy making?
the welsh government can legislate on areas that are specifically relevant to their economy such as?
example of divergence in policy in Scotland?
ban on smoking in public places
example of divergence in policy in Wales?
charge for plastic bags
these policy divergences were quickly what?
adopted by other governments
however, policy divergence can undermine what principle?
equal rights for UK citizens
for example, what only became legal in northern ireland in 2020?
same sex marriage
how is funding for devolved administrations decided?
Barnett formula
when was it agreed?
as a result, citizens of England recieve what?
less funding per head
the barnett formula does not take what into account?
relative need
what was devolution designed to do?
safeguard the union
and weaken?
scottish nationalism
and improve what for cities and regions?
has devolution undermined the Union?
yes- problems like west lothian question have not been addressed because of what approach?
yes-policy divergence has undermined what
equal welfare rights
yes- SNP has become the dominant political party in Scotland and as a result what has increased?
scottish nationalism
yes- there is unease in england about what
unfairness of devolution
no- devolution has satisfied scottish, welsh and n. irish demands for what?
greater autonomy
no- devolution has proceeded relatively smoothly with no?
major disputes
no- policy divergence can be good as?
different national interests
no- in n. ireland devolution has brought?
peace and power sharing
after 30 years of what?
No comments yet