Transcontinental countries (including dependent territories and map)

Check out the other versions of this quiz: without a map, excluding dependencies with and without map. All quiz versions are also available in german and polish.

Name all countries that extend over more than one continent!

This quiz takes into account dependent territories.

For the purpose of this quiz, we count 7 continents: North America (including Central America and the Caribbean), South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania (including Australia) and Antarctica.

For the purpose of this quiz, every landmass – even small remote islands in the middle of the ocean - is allocated to one of the continents.

Since the boundaries between continents are in many cases a matter of debate already (even without assigning every little island to a continent), many transcontinental countries from this quiz may usually or in some continental boundary projections not be considered extending over several continents; also some landmasses may be allocated to different continents based on projection.

Factors taken into account for assigning a landmass to a continent may include: geography, geology, politics, culture or simply convention.

Claims on Antarctica itself (and all claims south of 60°S latitude as held in abeyance by the Antarctic Treaty System in general) do count for this quiz.

Sources used include: Wikipedia articles (this, this, this and this among others) and own examinations of the map

Below are some hints:
Besides the obvious ones, think of countries on the edges of continents, with some far away islands or (former) colonial powers.
Underlining indicates the continent where the capital (and in most cases the main landmass) is located.
A “?“ and grey background indicates that the claimed allocation of a part of the country's territory to the respective continent is debatable or even highly unusual.
Don't rely on the map only! Take a look at the hints provided above and below!
Quiz by MappingFan97
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Last updated: June 7, 2022
First submittedDecember 25, 2021
Times taken2,074
Average score85.3%
Rating4.98
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Take your time and read the quiz instructions for more clarity and hints!
Continents
Country
Description
Africa, Asia
Egypt
The modern convention for the land boundary between Asia and Africa runs along the Isthmus of Suez and the Suez Canal in Egypt, making the Sinai Peninsula a part of Asia.
Africa, Asia ?
Mauritius
Mauritius claims sovereignity over the Chagos Islands which form the British Indian Ocean Territory and are part of Asia. They were split off from Mauritius by the UK three years before it became independent, the native population was forcibly expelled and the main island Diego Garcia was leased to the US as a naval base. In 2019 the International Court of Justice has confirmed Mauritius' claim.
Africa, Antarctica ?
South Africa
This claim may be a bit dubious: The South African Prince Edward Islands (not to be confused with the name-related Canadian province) in the southern Indian Ocean are positioned between the African and Antarctic continents, the distance to Africa being a bit shorter. Tectonically, they are tied to Antarctica by the Antarctic plate and they are considered to belong to the "subantarctic islands", most of which are dependent territories of other nations.
Asia, Africa
Yemen
While Yemen's Red Sea islands lie on the Asian continental shelf like the mainland, the archipelago of Socotra off the Horn of Africa lies on the African shelf and is geographically closer to Somalia than to the Yemeni coast.
Asia, Europe
Turkey
The Eastern Thrace region of Turkey (west of Istanbul) is located in the Balkans
Asia, Europe
Azerbaijan
Some districts of Azerbaijan (mostly north of Sumgait City) with ca. 5% of the country's population (half a million people) are located north of the Greater Caucasus Watershed, and thus geographically in Europe.
Asia, Europe
Georgia
The regions of Khevi, Khevsureti and Tusheti of Georgia are mainly located north of the Greater Caucasus Watershed, and thus geographically in Europe.
Asia, Europe
Kazakhstan
A small portion of Kazakhstan extends west of the Ural River into Eastern Europe.
Asia, Oceania
Japan
Japan's Izu, Ogasawara and Volcano Islands as well as Nishinoshima and Okinotorishima are occasionally considered part of Oceania. While these claims are well substantiated, only Minami-Tori-shima (Marcus Island) is unequivocally part of Oceania.
Asia, Oceania
Indonesia
While the exact border between Asia and Oceania in the Malay archipelago is a matter of debate, all projections allocate the whole island of New Guinea (with its westen Indonesian part) to the Melanesia region of Oceania. Some go even as far as to claim Sulawesi and Lombok for Oceania.
Europe, Africa
Italy
Italy has a number of small islands south of Sicily which, geographically can be considered part of the African continent, due to their proximity to Tunisia: while Pantelleria and Linosa are usually considered part of Europe, Lampedusa and Lampione are seen as part of Africa.
Europe, Africa
Spain
Spain has territories including one autonomous community (Canary Islands), one province (Almería due to the Island of Albóran) and two autonomous cities (Ceuta and Melilla) in Africa with close to 5% of the population living on the African continent. Furthermore, the "plazas de soberanía" on the Maroccan coast are under a different status, akin to unincorporated territories.
Europe, Antarctica
Norway
Dependencies:
Europe: Jan Mayen; Svalbard
Antarctica: Bouvet Island; Peter I Island (claimed); Queen Maud Land (claimed)
Europe, Asia ?
Greece
The territory of Greece includes a number of islands just off the coast of Asia Minor, such as Rhodes, Kos, Samos, Chios and Lesbos, but especially Kastellorizo with its adjacent islands. However they consider themselves part of Europe due to cultural ties.
Europe, North America
Denmark
Dependencies:
Europe: Faroe Islands
North America: Greenland
Europe, Africa, North America ?
Portugal
The Portuguese archipelago of Madeira is geographically associated with Africa (though culturally with Europe).
Geologically, the Azores island group is located near the Azores Triple Junction with all but two of its main islands scattered over the boundary between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate, while Corvo Island and Flores Island are situated on the North American Plate.
Europe, Asia, North America ?
Russia
This one seems obvious: the Europe-Asian border cuts right through Russia: beginning in the Black Sea, it following the Greater Caucasus Watershed, the Caspian Sea, the Ural River and Ural Mountains to the Kara Sea in the North.
Depending on the continental boundary definition, Russia's part of the Aleutian Islands and Big Diomede / Ratmanov Island may be considered part of North America.
Europe, North America, South America ?
Netherlands
The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises three autonomous "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Marteen, all of which count as dependencies) and one constituent country, the Netherlands, with most of its area in Europe but also encompassing three overseas Caribbean municipalities - Sint Eustatius, Saba and Bonaire. The last one could also be seen as part of South America due to its proximity.

Dependencies:
North America: Sint Maarten
North America / South America ?: Aruba; Curaçao
Europe, Africa, Antarctica, North America, Oceania, South America
France
The French regions of French Guiana (South America), Guadeloupe, Martinique (both North America), Mayotte, and Réunion (both Africa) have the same status as the regions of metropolitan France - unlike other oversees territories like French Polynesia, Saint Pierre & Miquelon or New Caledonia.

Dependencies:
Africa and Antarctica (only transcontinental dependent territory?): French Southern and Antarctic Lands (including claimed Adélie Land)
North America: Saint Barthélemy; Saint Martin; Saint Pierre and Miquelon
North America / Oceania ?: Clipperton Island
Oceania: French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Wallis and Futuna
Europe, Africa, Asia, Antarctica North America, Oceania, South America
United Kingdom
Dependencies:
Europe: Bailiwick of Guernsey; Bailiwick of Jersey; Gibraltar; Isle of Man
Europe/Asia?: Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Africa: Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Antarctica: British Antarctic Territory (claimed); South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Asia: British Indian Ocean Territory (de facto)
North America: Anguilla; Bermuda; British Virgin Islands; Cayman Islands; Montserrat; Turks and Caicos Islands
Oceania: Pitcairn Islands
South America: Falkland Islands
North America ?, Europe
Iceland
Located between Europe and Greenland (which is geographically part of North America), Iceland is considered european for historical, cultural and political reasons. Geologically, it lies right on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge which separates the North American and Eurasian Plate, causing frequent volcanic activity. The island's capital, Reykjavík, is located on the North American side.
North America, Oceania ?
Costa Rica
Costa Rica's Cocos Island is usually regarded as the southernmost point of North America. Since it is a remote island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, allocating it to Oceania is not out of the picture.
South America, Oceania ?
Ecuador
Ecuador contains the Galápagos Islands, which, depending on the definition, either lie in South America or are considered part of the Oceanian islands - however, latter perspective is highly unusual.
North America, Oceania ?
Mexico
Mexico contains the Revillagigedo Islands, the most remote island being Isla Clarión (700 km / 430 mi from the mainland.). The islands are usually associated with North America - however, to count them to Oceania is not unthinkable.
North America, Oceania, Asia ?
USA
The state of Hawaii is indisputably a part of Oceania.The same applies to the Palmyra Atoll, which - unlike other "unincorporated" US possessions in the Pacific (which count as dependent territories) - is an "incorporated" territory and therefore integral part of the US.
Depending on the continental boundary definition, the western part of the Aleutian Islands, Little Diomede Island and other Bering Sea islands like St. Lawrence Island may be considered part of Asia, making Alaska a transcontinental state.

Dependencies:
North America: Bajo Nuevo Bank (claimed); Guantánamo Bay (leased territory); Puerto Rico; Serranilla Bank (claimed); United States Virgin Islands
Oceania: American Samoa; Baker Island; Guam; Howland Island; Jarvis Island; Johnston Atoll; Kingman Reef; Midway Atoll; Navassa Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Wake Atoll
North America, South America ?
Panama
Conventionally though debatably, the border between the American continents is located somewhere in the Darién Gap, most notably along the Darién Mountains Watershed which would make the south eastern tip of Panama (near the source of Río Jampavadó) part of South America. A less common projection places the continental border on the Panama Canal.
North America, South America ?
Trinidad and Tobago
The southern half of Trinidad lies on the South American Plate while the northern half of Trinidad and the island of Tobago lie on the Caribbean Plate. However, these geological features do not necessarily qualify Trinidad and Tobago as a transcontinental state, as the whole territory is usually labeled geopolitically as part of North America.
Oceania, Antarctica
New Zealand
Dependencies:
Oceania: Cook Island; Niue; Tokelau
Antarctica: Ross Dependency (claimed)
Oceania, Antarctica, Asia
Australia
Dependencies:
Oceania: Ashmore and Cartier Islands; Coral Sea Islands; Norfolk Island
Asia: Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Antarctica: Australian Antarctic Territory (claimed); Heard Island and McDonald Islands
South America, Africa ?
Brazil
Admittedly, Brazil is probably not a transcontinental country, not even due to its most remote island possession: the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago - a cluster of rocks on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge or slightly to its east on the African side.
South America, Antarctica
Argentina
Dependencies:
Antarctica: Argentine Antarctica (claimed)
South America, North America
Venezuela
Venezuela's Aves Island is located 547 km / 340 mi north of the mainland in the middle of the Caribbean Sea which is a part of North America. Venezuela's Federal Dependencies and the state of Nueva Esparta which are comprised of Caribbean islands right off the South American coast are usually considered South American, unless all of the Caribbean is viewed as North American.
South America, Antarctica, Oceania
Chile
Chile regards itself as a "tricontinental country": Besides its South American territory, it claims an Antarctic possession and has sovereignty over multiple Pacific Islands: most notably Easter Island, but also Isla Salas y Gómez (the easternmost point in the Polynesian Triangle), Juan Fernández Islands and Desventuradas Islands (the latter two being usually associated with South America).

Dependencies:
Antarctica: Chilean Antarctic Territory (claimed)
South America, North America, Oceania ?
Colombia
The Colombian Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina department is located in the Caribbean Sea making it a part of North America.
Malpelo Island, 500 km / 310 mi west of Colombia's Pacific coast is usually considered a part of South America and only very rarely of Oceania.
Moreover, since the land border between North and South America is not exactly determined, Colombia may extend through the Darién Gap to the North American side - especially in the area west of the Río Atrato delta.
+12
Level 43
Dec 25, 2021
This has been my most demanding quiz so far, it took a lot of effort and lots of time to research, draft, write (especially as a non-native speaker), edit and translate it (for different language versions).

Therefore, I hope you liked it and will leave a 5-star rating and a nomination!

If you have any questions, criticism, praises or corrections, please leave a comment!

Here, you can find all english, german, and polish versions of this quiz.

+5
Level 65
May 25, 2022
Lots of fun, thanks for the detailed explanations!
+1
Level 43
May 25, 2022
Glad you liked it
+6
Level 68
May 25, 2022
One of the most educational quizzes I've taken here. I learned a lot, and it's clear a lot of effort went into it. Thank you!
+1
Level 43
May 25, 2022
That's true. Thanks for your appreciation.
+2
Level 57
May 25, 2022
Top quiz, thank you for the effort, really interesting to read the descriptions after ending!

Maybe accept KazaCHstan and not only KazaKHstan? I mean, I have kh in my own name, should have known, but...

+2
Level 43
May 26, 2022
Thanks for the comment.

I've updated Kazakhstan, now, and other answers, too.

+1
Level 85
May 25, 2022
Nice! I got all of them using the map before I realized there were written clues. Oops. I should read the instructions first!
+3
Level 43
May 26, 2022
Congratulations!

If there only was red bar on the top of the table urging you to do exactly that...

+2
Level 36
May 25, 2022
amazing job mate, congratulatios!
+1
Level 43
May 26, 2022
Thanks!
+1
Level 58
May 26, 2022
Awesome quiz. I really enjoyed it. But:

Malta is missing (or may at least be a disputed case): it is generally seen as European but lies on the African plate.

Cyprus is politically and historically seen as part of Europe, but it is geographically part of Asia (and on JetPunk it is usually seen as an Asian country). Thus, it doesn't necessarily be included on the list. However, in the UK-section it is written that Akrotiri and Dhekelia are located in Europe. This may be at least a disputed fact and should be marked as such (or, as usual here on JetPunk, they should be stated as Asian).

+5
Level 43
May 26, 2022
Thanks for your remarks!

Your're right about Akrotiri & Dhekelia, it's corrected now.

When it comes to Malta, Cyprus and other cases like East Timor or Palau, these are definitely not TRANScontinental countries because they are located on only one continent, it is only unclear on which one, but their territory does not transgress continental boundaries.

+4
Level 91
May 27, 2022
Really enjoyable and well documented quiz!!!

Your great effort is visible and you well deserve all praises.

Also, I really liked how you detailed and motivated all of your assumptions, so that answers are not just coming out of the blue as sometimes happens for the more obscure quizzes.

I learned a lot by reading your reasonings. Thanks a lot!

(nominated, ofc)

+1
Level 43
May 27, 2022
Thank you for your praises and your nomination!

That's true, I researched everything as precisely as I could.

I'm also glad that you've actually read the descriptions, so that all the text wasn't for nothing after all.

+1
Level 38
May 27, 2022
I really appreciate the thoroughness of this quiz, I got 100% and nominated as well. It would be nice if the definition of the quiz was expanded a little to include countries that are often placed entirely in one continent or entirely in the other (such as Armenia and Cyprus). Also, shouldn't Mauritius' claim on the Chagos Islands (Asia) count?
+1
Level 43
Jun 2, 2022
Thank you for pointing out Mauritius, I appreciate it! I didn't think of it at all, but now I've added it thanks to your comment.

When it comes to Armenia, Cyprus, Malta, East Timor however, expanding the definition to include them as countries with ambiguous continental affiliation would kind of defeat the whole purpose of making a quiz about transcontinental countries in the first place because it's about countries with territory on explicitly more than one continent.

+1
Level 64
Jun 5, 2022
This is a good quiz. Enjoyed the detailed explanations.

Would the Philippines count? The Huxley Line definition of the Wallace Line separates Palawan from the rest of the Philippines, which could (very, very debatably) suggest an Asian Palawan and Oceanic everything else.

+1
Level 64
Jun 8, 2022
Two other highly dubious proposals:

Eritrea: North-East Haycock Island is just barely to the east of the deepest line of the Red Sea, potentially associating it more with the Arabian shelf than the African.

Armenia: A version of the Euro-Asian boundary uses the Lesser Caucasus and not the Greater Caucasus, which puts a very small part of Armenia as part of Europe.

+1
Level 43
Jun 8, 2022
I appreciate your proposals.

I'll get back to your comments when I'll have some time to review them in depth.

My initial thoughts: I remember ruling out Armenia while making the quizz because I couldn't find any source that the border projection on the Wikipedia map (I assume you've seen the same map I have ) is based upon. It just seems to be random.

If you can provide me with a valid source I may include Armenia.

Philippines really seems to far of a stretch.

I'll check Eritrea, never heard about this island before.

+1
Level 60
Aug 2, 2022
Great quiz. If you could condense the quiz description, I think this has a good chance at being featured.
+1
Level 43
Aug 4, 2022
That would not be an easy task. It seems to me that most of the description is necessary to understand what is asked for in the quiz.

Which part of the description (maybe aside of sources and links) seems unnecessary to you? I'm curious.

+2
Level 82
Aug 2, 2022
Interesting and informative. I find Costa Rica, Mexico, and Ecuador a stretch. Most isolated Pacific islands still considered Oceania have Polynesia cultural ties; those islands do not. St Peter and St Paul islands are far closer to Braizl than Africa (about half the distance)
+1
Level 43
Aug 4, 2022
As it is outlined in the second to last hint of the quiz description "grey background and question marks indicate that the claimed allocation of a part of the country's territory to the respective continent is debatable or even highly unusual."

I intended the quiz to cover all even dubious possibilities of transcontinental countries and since there is no official geographical definition of Oceania or any continent for that matter when it comes to islands in the middle of the ocean, one could make the argument for the cases you mentioned. Having said that, I agree that it's a stretch in all of those cases. But it's the quizzes end to showcase them all.

I hope that's enough of a justification.

+2
Level 68
Aug 3, 2022
I love this quiz, I feel like it has the best parts of a quiz and a blog combined into one :D
+1
Level 43
Aug 4, 2022
Thank you! Glad you loved it.

Then maybe I should once try out making a blog on jetpunk.