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100 Biggest Cities in Canada on a Map

Can you name the 100 biggest cities in Canada? Every time you guess a city it will be filled in on the map!
By population-centre as per Statistics Canada
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Quiz by Jiaozira
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Last updated: September 16, 2021
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First submittedFebruary 2, 2019
Times taken6,988
Average score28.0%
Rating4.43
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Pop
City
5.43 m
Toronto
3.52 m
Montreal
2.26 m
Vancouver
1.24 m
Calgary
1.06 m
Edmonton
990 k
Ottawa
712 k
Winnipeg
705 k
Quebec City
694 k
Hamilton
470 k
Kitchener-Waterloo
-Cambridge
383 k
London
336 k
Victoria
318 k
Halifax
309 k
Oshawa
287 k
Windsor
245 k
Saskatoon
229 k
St. Catharines
-Niagara
215 k
Regina
178 k
St. John's
152 k
Kelowna
146 k
Barrie
140 k
Sherbrooke
132 k
Guelph
121 k
Abbotsford
118 k
Kingston
117 k
Kanata
114 k
Trois-Rivières
109 k
Moncton-Dieppe
104 k
Saguenay
102 k
Milton
99.7 k
Red Deer
98.2 k
Brantford
94.0 k
Thunder Bay
93.7 k
White Rock
92.0 k
Nanaimo
88.1 k
Sudbury
87.6 k
Lethbridge
84.7 k
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
82.1 k
Peterborough
78.0 k
Kamloops
77.1 k
Saint-Jérôme
73.2 k
Chilliwack
72.1 k
Sarnia
71.2 k
Châteauguay
68.6 k
Drummondville
67.7 k
Belleville
66.6 k
Fort McMurray
66.3 k
Sault Ste. Marie
65.5 k
Prince George
62.9 k
Medicine Hat
Pop
City
62.4 k
Welland-Pelham
62.3 k
Grande Prairie
61.1 k
Airdrie
59.7 k
Granby
59.4 k
Fredericton
58.3 k
Saint John
50.8 k
Beloeil
50.4 k
North Bay
50.0 k
Saint-Hyacinthe
48.3 k
Brandon
48.1 k
Vernon
45.7 k
Cornwall
45.5 k
Joliette
45.0 k
Courtenay
44.7 k
Charlottetown
44.7 k
Victoriaville
43.6 k
Chatham
42.1 k
Georgetown
41.8 k
St. Thomas
40.4 k
Woodstock
39.4 k
Bowmanville-Newcastle
39.0 k
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield
38.2 k
Shawinigan
36.9 k
Rimouski
36.1 k
Spruce Grove
36.1 k
Sorel-Tracy
35.1 k
Campbell River
35.1 k
Prince Albert
33.6 k
Penticton
33.3 k
Mission
33.0 k
Leamington
32.7 k
Moose Jaw
32.6 k
Stouffville
31.4 k
Lloydminster
31.1 k
Orillia
31.1 k
Stratford
30.7 k
Orangeville
29.9 k
Sydney
29.9 k
Bradford
29.6 k
Leduc
29.3 k
Timmins
28.8 k
Okotoks
26.9 k
Saint-Georges
26.8 k
Keswick-Elmhurst Beach
26.4 k
Bolton
25.5 k
Val-d'Or
25.3 k
Cochrane
24.4 k
Quispamsis-Rothesay
24.4 k
Midland
24.0 k
Innisfil
Province
# of cities
Ontario
39
Quebec
20
British Columbia
14
Alberta
13
Saskatchewan
5
New Brunswick
4
Manitoba
2
Nova Scotia
2
Newfoundland and Labrador
1
Prince Edward Island
1
+6
Level 69
Oct 12, 2020
Edited to include proportional city dots. I hope this improves the quiz! I plan to update all 100 Cities on the Map Quizzes in this style, so stay tuned! Also fixed the position of a couple cities in Southern Ontario.
+3
Level 75
Feb 2, 2019
Nice! How do you make these maps? Do you put the dots manually or do you convert them from lat/long? I thought of a variation where dots of large cities are shown at the start but as you guess them the dots of smaller cities are revealed
+2
Level 69
Feb 2, 2019
Thanks! I put the dots on manually, and then un-fill them. That's a good idea actually, and you are free to use any of my maps to make that! I cannot do anything much myself since I do each process by hand, just filling in the data takes ages...
+2
Level 75
Feb 4, 2019
Thanks a lot! I just submitted a variation of your 100 Italian cities quiz... I used that one as, being featured, I could quickly copy the quiz and check the 'name' of each dot corresponding to each city. I also added some type-ins. Thanks again!!
+2
Level 69
Feb 4, 2019
Don't mention it!! I am happy to see my maps go to good use. Feel free to use other maps as well, I can always send the link.
+2
Level 34
Mar 6, 2019
Could you put these into a series?
+2
Level 69
Apr 28, 2019
Good idea!
+3
Level 14
Mar 17, 2020
Windsor is on the south side of Lake St Clair
+2
Level 69
Oct 12, 2020
Fixed. Also fixed the position of Welland-Pelham. Thank you.
+3
Level 45
Jan 25, 2021
the proportion of the saint-george dot seems off. (yeah i know who cares haha). Great quizz!
+2
Level 69
Jan 25, 2021
Thanks! And I care - to be fixed soon - although Saint-Georges is a right metropolis in it's own right :)
+3
Level 45
Jan 28, 2021
if you care that much i just realised that val d'or is also too big ^^
+2
Level 69
Jan 28, 2021
Both are fixed now, thank you for the heads up.
+2
Level 23
Feb 17, 2021
Aren't the cities outside of Toronto like Vaughan and Brampton also major cities?
+2
Level 69
Feb 17, 2021
The quiz uses metro population, meaning that cities connected to larger ones such as Vaughan and Brampton are considered a part of Toronto. Milton and Kanata are only seperated from Toronto and Ottawa (respectively) because they have fields between them and their parent city, despite being suburbs.
+1
Level 83
Sep 15, 2021
That's a bizarrely arbitrary rule, and you didn't even mention it in the caveats. It didn't occur to me to try Kanata because it's part of the City of Ottawa. Not even the Ottawa CMA, but part of the city proper! It was amalgamated. By including the community of Kanata, the people of Kanata are counted twice in this quiz. And if you're going to list Kanata because of its separation from the rest of the city by the Greenbelt, then you should also add Orleans, Barrhaven, and Stittsville.

The city of Airdrie is being counted twice since it's part of the Calgary CMA but, unlike Kanata, it is actually a city. Likewise, Milton is counted twice, since it's part of the Toronto CMA. White Rock is in Metro Vancouver. Spruce Grove is in Metro Edmonton. Georgetown is not a city, having been amalgamated into the town of Halton Hills which, in turn, is in Metro Toronto. Quispamsis-Rothesay is not a census agglomeration, and I can't find any reference to those two cities being officially combined.

+1
Level 83
Sep 15, 2021
Also, you're listing the population for just the city of Ottawa, but not including Gatineau as a separate city. Yes, Gatineau is part of the Ottawa-Gatineau population centre, but if you're including it as part of Ottawa, then Ottawa's population should be 1.32 m. Things get messy when you include or exclude cities or communities in your definition of population centres, but don't adjust their populations to match those definitions.
+1
Level 69
Sep 16, 2021
Kanata is not counted in the figures for Ottawa in this quiz, as all populations are consistent as per Statistics Canada. Ottawa's population here does include Gatineau, but since so much of Ottawa Proper is rural/disconnected from the city core then Ottawa looses a lot of her population at the same time. I will include the source in the caveats, though, thanks!
+1
Level 69
Sep 16, 2021
I will continue to use population-centres in future because it goes hand-in-hand with what I'd consider a city's limit. However I will also consider greying out controversial cities like Kanata or maybe even White Rock (depending how I'm feeling). When you get further down the list you have to contend with even more oddities but overall the list is pretty clean for the top 200 or so population-centres.
+1
Level 83
Dec 21, 2021
Stats Canada's list doesn't make any sense. They list Kanata but not Orleans (116,688). Have you ever driven to Orleans on the Queensway? The "rural gap" (Green Belt) between Gloucester and Orleans is WAY bigger than the gap between Bells Corners and Kanata. If Kanata is a population center, Orleans is a population center.

It's impossible that they're only coming up with 989,567 for Ottawa-Gatineau without removing Orleans, Barrhaven, and Stittsville, and yet they aren't listed separately. Whatever arbitrary rules they used for their definition need to be re-evaluated. This list is so laughably awful, it's not worth using.

+1
Level 69
Dec 21, 2021
If it is so awful, I suggest you have a word with Statistics Canada then. Here is what the borders of Ottawa are according to them, and here is the list in full. It's either this or I use city-proper population, and half of the cities here will be suburbs on Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. Otherwise, I can use metro figures which groups massive, county-sized areas together. Neither option is particularly attractive.
+2
Level 50
Mar 8, 2022
Personally, I like the way this quiz is done. Yes, there are some oddities in it, but it follows a specific organization's definitions - Stats Canada - so there's no grey areas really, and it's nice that smaller places are included, rather than the list being entirely suburbs, which is really boring.
+1
Level 69
Mar 8, 2022
@CaoMaru I appreciate this comment, I have the same opinions about suburbs too.

I apologise to anyone if I come off as defensive here, it's just there are only three different ways to measure city populations in Canada and so I am forced to make decisions. I am passionate enough that I could go and create my own list, but it would take more time than I currently have and could (at least theoretically) be subject to more scrutiny than I could ever defend.

+4
Level 53
Feb 19, 2021
White Rock is a part of Metro Vancouver and not its own metro area.
+2
Level 69
Feb 19, 2021
I should specify that these are population centres, rather than true metro areas. The Canadian government will divide metro areas when there is rural area inbetween the suburb and the city proper. In the case of White Rock it is seperated from Vancouver by fields.
+3
Level 93
Sep 14, 2021
If that's the case, Richmond and Surrey should not be part of the Vancouver metro, and there is no rural divide between Surrey and White Rock
+1
Level 69
Sep 15, 2021
South Surrey is included in with White Rock, while the majority of the rest of Surrey is attatched to Vancouver's urban sprawl and thus included in Vancouver's total population. See here for more details. Population-centre data isn't perfect but it's probably the best method we have of comparing Canadian cities!
+2
Level 83
Sep 15, 2021
If you should specify it, then you should specify it in the caveats, not the comments. Better yet, just don't do it. Use the official definitions for Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations to avoid having to justify your decisions about what constitutes a "population centre". If you're going to use metro population, as you claim in the caveats, then keep it simple and uncontroversial by using this list.
+1
Level 69
Sep 16, 2021
I don't like the Metropolitan Figures, they are far too encompassing for my likes. For example, my city Lethbridge is ballooned to the population of Lethbridge County (majority of which is rural). I find it far more arbitrary than Population-centres, even if that measurement has its flaws too (the most obvious of which being the inclusion of Kanata, in my opinion).
+2
Level 64
Apr 28, 2021
This is a really awesome quiz and deserves more recognition. The details of the different provinces and how you listed the number of cities in each province really brings everything together!

I am really curious though, how did you make this quiz to only include Canada, separate the Canadian provinces AND how you not only included the US, but also it's separate states?

+1
Level 69
Apr 29, 2021
Thank you! I am glad you think so.

Actually, the original map comes from this Jetpunk quiz but I modified the map, as I saw fit.

+1
Level 63
Sep 14, 2021
Mississauga??
+2
Level 63
Sep 14, 2021
I'm assuming it's part of Toronto.
+1
Level 69
Sep 14, 2021
Yes part of Toronto's population-centre. I've taken a train from Mississauga to Toronto and I couldn't tell where one city ended and the other began!
+2
Level 59
Oct 23, 2021
Why does Kanata count but not Gatineau? As someone from Ottawa, Kanata is basically just another part of the city, while Gatineau is a different city. Does the metro area count or not?
+1
Level 69
Oct 24, 2021
It is population-centre figures, so it's somewhere inbetween city proper and metro. As you probably guessed, Gatineau is absorbed into Ottawa. I 100% agree with you though that Kanata should be included in Ottawa's population figures (in fact I'm really tempted to grey that one out and go to 101 instead).

It is the price to pay for using population-centre figures, however, and I have much less issues with this measurement than I do with city-proper or metro area :)

+1
Level 69
Mar 25, 2022
Thank you for the spotlight :)
+1
Level 59
Aug 21, 2022
Some cities are missing, Alma for example.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alma,_Quebec

+1
Level 69
Aug 22, 2022
It's because of the way the population is counted, check here