Official and Regional Languages of Europe on a Map
While the most important language (or languages) of a country are typically official at the national level, many countries also recognise smaller and/or historically important languages at the regional level. Can you name all 73 languages shown on the map below?
Includes de facto national languages
Dialects are grouped together, although (mostly historical) dialect divisions are specified on the map
Figures for the total speakers of each language family should be taken as estimations and do not include immigrant/'non-European' languages
I have a question though. Would Franco-Provencal count for your criteria? It looks like Aosta Valley grants it some form of status, but I can't claim to know much about it beyond a bit of reading on Wikipedia.
Thank you, I am very happy to hear that this quiz could inspire you like that, it is a gift to share my passion for languages!
From what I have researched, Aosta Valley has made French an official language along with Italian, however I am not sure they specify the Franco-Provençal dialect in particular. Had Franco-Provençal been official, I would have been able to draw a line similar to the Occitan line (transcending borders and all). Good question.
I made some research about Aosta Valley. The only official languages are Italian and French. Franco-Provençal as well as Walser (a variation of German) are recognized, protected and valorized; however they're not considered official on a regional level.
It is interesting to note that about Aosta Valley, and that there are German speakers there. I was hoping I'd be able to show the French language in Aosta, but it turned our that most of the people there speak Italian as a first language. Italy doesn't have many languages official at the regional level, sadly. I wished I could include Friulian on the quiz too.
Thank you for the comment :)
I have run into this problem with the 'Official and Regional Languages of Asia' quiz that I have been working on. India recognises Sanskrit as an official language (not nationally), and Prakrit is a proposed official language (also not nationally), both languages I have considered. If I 'include' them, and same goes for Latin, I would have automatically filled the answer in like I did on this quiz for the virtually-impossible-to-map-Romani language. There are claims that a couple of villages in India speak Sanskrit natively, but considering I have never heard a reliable source on this, and said villages are never named, I don't buy it.
Good question about a topic that is most certainly up for debate, and apologies for rambling on so long :)
Asia is on the way! My biggest problem, moving away from Europe, is not so much the sheer number of languages, but rather that the protection of minority languages is often poorly legislated and the vague status of languages makes it difficult to know which languages to add. I have the list for Asia pretty much finalised, but I don't feel so comfortable arguing why I did/didn't choose specific languages, for example, as I do with the final list for this quiz.
Hope that is a good answer to both your comments!
i havent seen any on this site lately, but can you make a "win the election" quiz?
I expect to add Breton in future, either after looking it over again or when France (hopefully) begins to extend Breton language rights even further :)
Again, big thanks for the share, I am going to have fun looking through it :D
Also, can you please accept "Circassian" for Adyghe? I tried it and it doesn't work, but Wikipedia says that Adyghe is often called "West Circassian" so I think it would make sense to have it as a type-in.
The languages of Russia are fascinating, and I hope that more people can learn about them. You can find Finnish's cousin Karelian and the Inuit language of Yupik in the same country, but only 35 languages are official at the regional level. Glad you enjoyed the quiz and thanks for playing!
I'm doing the "reading the world" challenge, and I wanted a Monégasque classic. I asked for help at cultural institutions of Monaco, and the e-mail I received in return was written in French (my French is pretty good, at least in reading), clearly by someone whose mother tongue is not French, and yet is definitely a citizen of Monaco. When he sent me the book (bilingual, Monégasque and French), he added a bilingual calendar, a bilingual collection of local recipes and such stuff. It appears to be in use.
The fact that very few people speak it as their mother tongue doesn't mean that it cannot be spoken by lots of others as a language learnt later and used every day. This website mentions 5100 speakers:
So I wonder.
Otherwise thank you for this great quiz! :) It's absolutely fascinating, I love language quizzes, especially if they include regional languages, too.
And you're right, I hadn't realised how much of a dialect Luxembourgish truly is until recent. I've used this quote on another quiz before, but with risk of overwearing it, a student in sociolinguist Max Weinreich's class once remarked that "a language is a dialect with an army and a navy" and I find this very fitting.
Thanks for playing and I'm glad you liked the quiz :)
It's very hard to judge whether Serbo-Croatian is one language or several, though. I have a few friends from that region. I asked them once if they needed to translate from one language to another. They said people who had grown up in the former Yugoslavia could perfectly understand one another, but for young people it was increasingly difficult.
I thought it was because of rapid changes; they said it wasn't, it was because Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian and Montenegrin had been separate languages for a while, but no one had noticed back in Yugoslavia, because every TV channel and radio station had broadcast programmes in every language. People at that time were actually multilingual without even noticing it. Now that they don't have the same stations and channels and more, the languages appear to be more and more different.
Of course if you're from that area, you know better. I don't know where you're from.
It is a very interesting dilemma, and I can see how the line becomes very unclear. Without exposure I have heard that speakers of High German in Berlin have a hard time understanding people who speak Swiss German or Austro-Bavarian German, yet those are commonly considered the same language. In this case, I saved myself from a difficult decision and went with Serbo-Croatian, as it is most common on other Jetpunk quizzes. If not for the quiz format.
I try and listen to the opinions of people from the locale, but I also take perspectives into account. For example a Portuguese speaker is likely to claim that Galician is a Portuguese dialect, while Galician speakers are likely to claim that Galician is a completely different language.
I got 51 on my first try, which I'm fairly happy with. After looking at the answers I missed, there are only another four that I've heard of (and only one of them, Maltese, was particularly silly to forget), so I probably couldn't have gotten much better.
Well done on a great quiz.
They speak in Friesland Frisian.
There is a dialect called "West-Fries" (West Frisian) which is spoken in the region West-Friesland, which is in the province North-Holland. This dialect is complete different from Frisian.
Also curious as to why Breton is not listed.
Breton lacks much recognition in its native Brittany, so it is not included. Same goes for Friulian, perhaps the most significant language left out.
(Joking. I'm excited for the next one, South America or otherwise)
Particlarly enjoyed reading the comments, interesting and nearly all constructive, unlike the carping, points-scoring mentality one gets on many of the other chats.
Linguists must be a particularly nice bunch of people!
One thing I noticed on Jetpunk is that my larger projects like this one tend to bring out a lot more passion in other quiztakers too. Linguists can talk about their hobbies here and non-linguists may be inspired to talk about their local minority languages as well. I like doing big projects here for that reason.
It's usually my smaller projects where I see more nitpicking in the comments. I still appreciate nitpickers though, I cannot imagine Jetpunk without that aspect, haha :)
I would love to do an African version someday soon, and I'd be happy to finish my American quiz too. I've been pretty busy these days but it's only a matter of when rather than if :)
As for the division in Turkey, it is because of the spread of the Kurdish language. The area is almost certainly exaggerated, and I believe the majority Kurdish areas are much smaller, but I have struggled to find more realistic maps for a long time now.