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Landmark Supreme Court Cases

Some of the most important cases to pass through the U.S. Supreme Court.
Quiz by isabellanatasha
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Last updated: October 26, 2023
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First submittedApril 20, 2022
Times taken994
Average score30.8%
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Year
Summary
Answer
1803
Gives the Supreme Court the power of judicial review.
Marbury v. Madison
1819
Defined Congress's right to pass laws that are "necessary and proper" and established the supremacy of federal over state government.
McCullough v. Maryland
1824
Only the federal government can regulate interstate commerce.
Gibbons v. Ogden
1857
African-Americans could not claim U.S. citizenship and slaves' status would continue to be 'property'.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
1896
Upheld Jim Crow laws so long as segregated facilities were "separate but equal".
Plessy v. Ferguson
1919
Speech which presents a "clear and present danger" to national security is not protected by the First Amendment.
Schenck v. United States
1954
Reverses the "separate but equal" doctrine in schools.
Brown vs. Board of Education
1961
Evidence that is illegally obtained by the state cannot be used in court.
Mapp v. Ohio
1962
Voting districts cannot be drawn in a way that violates the Fourteenth Amendment.
Baker v. Carr
1962
Public institutions such as schools cannot initiate prayer.
Engel v. Vitale
1963
Defendants in criminal cases must be provided counsel if they cannot afford it.
Gideon v. Wainwright
1964
In order to win a libel case, "actual malice" on the part of the writer must be proven.
New York Times v. Sullivan
1965
The Constitution gives married couples the right to access contraception as a matter of individual privacy.
Griswold v. Connecticut
1966
Criminal suspects must be informed of their rights before being questioned.
Miranda v. Arizona
1967
Bans on interracial marriage are unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Loving v. Virginia
1969
School dress codes may not violate students' First Amendment rights.
Tinker v. Des Moines
1973
The constitutional right to privacy protects a woman's right to abortion.
Roe v. Wade
1974
The President is not above the law.
United States v. Nixon
1989
Protects flag-burning and other desecration of the flag as a matter of free speech.
Texas v. Johnson
2000
Student-led, student-initiated prayer at football games violates the First Amendment's establishment clause.
Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe
2002
Random drug tests of students participating in extracurricular activities do not violate the Fourth Amendment.
Board of Education v. Earls
2003
Criminal punishment for sodomy violates the constitutional right to privacy.
Lawrence v. Texas
2005
To execute a person for crimes they committed before the age of 18 constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.
Roper v. Simmons
2010
Corporations and unions cannot be restricted from spending money to promote a political campaign as long as it is done independently of the candidates.
Citizens United v. FEC
2015
Bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional under the Fourteenth Amendment.
Obergefell v. Hodges
2022
Reverses protections on a woman's right to abortion.
Dobbs v. Jackson
10 Comments
+4
Level 65
Jun 28, 2022
Looks like this needs updating. 😒
+2
Level 65
Sep 16, 2022
thank goodness!
+4
Level 67
Sep 16, 2022
Great idea for a quiz. Ashamed I didn't do a little better, as I read most of these cases in law school. Also, the description for Times v. Sullivan is not quite correct. The case (and the current law) says that you need to prove actual malice in defamation cases regarding a public figure. When a private citizen brings a defamation suit, they do not need to prove actual malice.
+4
Level 77
Sep 16, 2022
"McCullough" is generally spelled McCulloch, might want to add that lowkey
+1
Level 67
Aug 20, 2023
^
+1
Level 67
Aug 20, 2023
10/26, could not spell McCullough for the life of me
+2
Level 67
Aug 20, 2023
Thank you AP Government from 4 years ago
+1
Level 68
Nov 1, 2023
I might add Bush v Gore.
+1
Level 71
Nov 1, 2023
Please make the spelling easier for "Schenck"!
+1
Level 71
Nov 1, 2023
Also, Dobbs should probably be stated as "The Constitution does not protect abortion" to be more in line with the others.