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Oldest Capital Cities of Countries

Which modern-day country capitals were established the earliest (before the year 500)? You can type either the capital OR the country.
Dates are approximate and disputed.
Some cities were destroyed and rebuilt.
You can type either the capital OR the country.
Quiz by interopia
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Last updated: February 15, 2022
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First submittedMay 13, 2017
Times taken1,614
Average score60.0%
Rating4.42
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First Settled
Capital City
9000s-2000s BC
Damascus
7250 BC
Amman
5000-4000 BC
Athens
3000 BC
Beirut
2800 BC
Jerusalem
1000s BC
Tunis
1200 BC
Lisbon
1050 BC
Nicosia
1045 BC
Beijing
1000 BC
Ankara
782 BC
Yerevan
753 BC
Rome
700 BC
Tripoli
300s BC
Sofia
279 BC
Belgrade
First Settled
Capital City
200 BC
Mogadishu
194 BC
Pyongyang
100s BC
Bratislava
52 BC
Paris
50 BC
Ljubljana
18 BC
Seoul
43
London
81
Skopje
50-100
Baku
100
Cairo
150
Kathmandu
300
Vienna
301
San Marino
454
Hanoi
455
Tbilisi
+1
Level 83
Jun 3, 2021
+2
Level 83
Dec 15, 2018
This quiz required a little research. Let me know if I missed any.
+1
Level 55
Mar 10, 2022
where is baghdad?
+1
Level 83
Mar 10, 2022
Established in 762!
+2
Level 52
Feb 17, 2021
This is a really cool idea, good job!
+1
Level 63
May 28, 2021
Technically Delhi was established as Indraprastha in 1400 bce.
+1
Level 83
May 28, 2021
Delhi is ancient, but the capital New Delhi wasn't founded until 1911, when "George V and his consort, Queen Mary, laid the foundation stone of New Delhi at Kingsway Camp." What do y'all think?
+2
Level 67
May 28, 2021
I think both Vatican City and San Marino should be here.
+1
Level 83
May 28, 2021
OK, I added San Marino, which was founded in 301. But the area of Rome which is the Vatican doesn't appear to be settled until around 848. Of course, let me know if that's wrong.
+2
Level 61
May 28, 2021
The Romans sure were busy founding cities!
+1
Level 65
May 28, 2021
Amman, Jordan is very ancient - the oldest version was pre-7000 BC and it was a well established city in classical antiquity (it was called Philadelphia)
+1
Level 83
May 29, 2021
Hmm...I'm really not sure why this wasn't on the quiz (which I made in 2018). I've added it now.
+1
Level 78
Apr 14, 2022
There seems to be a lot of disagreement over when Sanaa was founded, but all the dates are before the year 500.