Hint

Law or Principle

Named After

In a triangle, the square of the hypotenuse equals the square of the other two sides added together.

Pythagorean theorem

Pythagoras of Samos (c.570–c.495 BC)

The upward buoyant force exerted on a body is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces.

Archimedes' principle

Archimedes of Syracuse (c.287–c.212 BC)

Entities should not be multiplied beyond necessity. Or, the simplest explanation is usually the best one.

Occam's razor

William of Ockham (1287–1347)

Includes: The orbit of a planet is an ellipse with the Sun at one of the two foci.

Kepler's laws of planetary motion

Johannes Kepler (1571–1630)

Includes: Objects remains at constant velocity unless acted on by an outside force.

Newton's laws of motion

Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727)

As the speed of a moving fluid increases, the pressure within the fluid decreases.

Bernoulli's principle

Daniel Bernoulli (1700–1782)

The current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points.

Ohm's law

Georg Ohm (1789–1854)

An organism has a pair of genes, one from each parent. It passes down only one to each offspring.

Mendel's laws

Gregor Mendel (1822–1884)

The maximum working distance of an antenna varies as the square of its height.

Marconi's law

Guglielmo Marconi (1874–1937)

The farther away galaxies are from Earth, the faster they are moving away.

Hubble's law

Edwin Hubble (1889–1953)

The more precisely the position of a particle is measured, the less precisely its momentum can be known.

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle

Werner Heisenberg (1901–1976)

Anything that can go wrong will go wrong.

Murphy's law

Edward A. Murphy Jr. (1918–1990)

Includes: A robot may not injure a human or allow a human to come to harm.

Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics

Isaac Asimov (1920–1992)

The number of transistors in an integrated circuit doubles about every two years.

Moore's law

Gordon Moore (1929–)

AKA Pygmalion effect: High expectations lead to improved performance.

Rosenthal effect

Robert Rosenthal (1933–)
