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Biggest German Cities (historically)

For each point in time, name the 10 biggest german cities (city names can be entered in both English or German)

The following historical and current German entities are taken into account:
Holy Roman Empire, German Confederation, German Reich, German Democratic Republic, Federal Republic of Germany
Source: wikipedia.de
Population figures until 1800 are estimations.
Between 1849-1946, figures are based on population census.
Since then, figures are reported from the german Offices for Statistics.
Quiz by Scoville
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Last updated: August 29, 2022
First submittedSeptember 9, 2015
Times taken936
Average score75.0%
Rating4.20
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2000
3.382.169
Berlin
1.715.392
Hamburg
1.210.223
Munich
962.884
Cologne
646.550
Frankfurt am Main
595.243
Essen
588.994
Dortmund
583.874
Stuttgart
569.364
Dusseldorf
539.403
Bremen
1946
3.187.470
Berlin
1.403.300
Hamburg
751.967
Munich
607.655
Leipzig
524.728
Essen
491.380
Cologne
467.966
Dresden
436.491
Dortmund
424.065
Frankfurt am Main
420.909
Dusseldorf
1939
4.338.756
Berlin
1.929.976
Vienna
1.711.877
Hamburg
829.318
Munich
772.221
Cologne
707.365
Leipzig
666.743
Essen
630.216
Dresden
629.565
Wrocław
553.464
Frankfurt am Main
1919
1.902.509
Berlin
985.779
Hamburg
633.904
Cologne
630.711
Munich
604.380
Leipzig
529.326
Dresden
528.260
Wrocław
439.257
Essen
433.002
Frankfurt am Main
407.338
Dusseldorf
1910
2.071.257
Berlin
931.035
Hamburg
596.467
Munich
589.850
Leipzig
548.308
Dresden
516.527
Cologne
512.105
Wrocław
414.576
Frankfurt am Main
358.728
Dusseldorf
333.142
Nuremberg
1880
1.122.330
Berlin
289.859
Hamburg
272.912
Wrocław
230.023
Munich
220.818
Dresden
149.081
Leipzig
144.772
Cologne
140.909
Kaliningrad
136.819
Frankfurt am Main
122.843
Hanover
1849
426.415
Vienna
423.902
Berlin
157.450
Hamburg
124.181
Prague
110.702
Wrocław
96.396
Munich
94.789
Cologne
94.092
Dresden
75.240
Kaliningrad
65.788
Graz
1800
231.000
Vienna
172.000
Berlin
130.000
Hamburg
75.000
Prague
61.000
Dresden
54.000
Wrocław
41.000
Cologne
40.000
Munich
36.000
Bremen
35.000
Frankfurt am Main
1750
175.000
Vienna
113.000
Berlin
75.000
Hamburg
59.000
Prague
57.000
Brussels
57.000
Liège
55.000
Wrocław
52.000
Dresden
43.000
Antwerp
43.000
Cologne
1700
114.000
Vienna
70.000
Hamburg
66.000
Antwerp
65.000
Brussels
52.000
Ghent
45.000
Liège
40.000
Wrocław
39.000
Cologne
39.000
Prague
36.000
Bruges
+1
Level 70
Aug 29, 2022
Update 2022/08:

Added info about relevant German entities to quiz description as requested by multiple commenters.

Regarding the comments arguing that any city or entity shouldn't be included: Please refer to the linked source. If something is disputed and removed there, I'll gladly update this quiz accordingly.

+1
Level 36
Sep 9, 2015
I think the time should be reduced.
+1
Level 70
Sep 10, 2015
Maybe you're right, time was hard to choose for me as this is my first submitted quiz. What time would be appropriate in your opinion?
+1
Level 36
Sep 10, 2015
About 4 minutes would be okay in my opinion. Maybe 4:15
+2
Level 83
Sep 9, 2015
So when Belgium was Austrian it was German?
+1
Level 70
Sep 10, 2015
They all belonged to the Holy Roman Empire.
+1
Level 74
Mar 22, 2021
The Holy Roman Empire is not the same as Germany. Antwerp and the others never were German cities, not politically, not linguistically and not ethnically.
+1
Level 45
Dec 29, 2017
In 1849 Vienna was part of the Austrian empire?
+1
Level 70
Jan 10, 2018
Not really. There were quite some revolutions in 1848-1850, but they weren't successful, the "Deutsche Bund" was eventually re-established in 1851 already.
+1
Level 67
Mar 22, 2021
Tolles Quiz! Super, dass man die Städte auch auf deutsch eingeben kann!
+1
Level 78
Mar 22, 2021
I do understand the austrian cities and the historically german cities in Poland but the Belgian cities are very questionable.
+1
Level 46
Mar 22, 2021
How can you have both Vienna and Königsberg (Kaliningrad) in 1849? Vienna was Austrian. Or if you argue that Vienna was part of Deutscher Bund at that time, then how come you include Königsberg while it was in a part of Prussia that was not included in the Deutscher Bund.

Like they were not in the same country, one was in Austria and one in Prussia, nor were they in the same confederation, Vienna was inside Deutscher Bund while Königsberg was outside of it

+2
Level 54
Mar 22, 2021
NurembErg
+2
Level 85
Mar 22, 2021
I like the idea, but it wasn't clear to me that cities outside modern Germany were eligible. Maybe worth including something clarifying that in the caveats?
+1
Level 74
Mar 24, 2021
You need to clarify that cities outside modern Germany count. Also, please accept Konigsburg.
+1
Level 11
Jul 13, 2022
Schönes Quiz
+1
Level 44
Aug 29, 2022
Holy Roman Empire =/= Germany

At least the rules should clarify