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It holds a definite shape and volume without a container. The particles are held very close to each other.
Able to conform to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
A compressible fluid. Not only will take the shape of its container but it will also expand to fill the container.
Matter under very high pressure.
a phase in which a large number of bosons all inhabit the same quantum state, in effect becoming one single wave/particle.
Free charged particles, usually in equal numbers, such as ions and electrons.
is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic fields occurring in certain materials when cooled below a characteristic critical temperature.
A phase achieved by a few cryogenic liquids at extreme temperature at which they become able to flow without friction.
A disordered state in a system of interacting quantum spins which preserves its disorder to very low temperatures, unlike other disordered states.
Quantum spin liquid
At sufficiently high temperatures and pressures, the distinction between liquid and gas disappears.
Similar to the 8th, it can move without friction but retains a rigid shape.
Atoms in this state have apparently unstable arrangements, like a liquid, but are still consistent in the overall pattern, like a solid.
Similar to the 5th, but composed of fermions.
A solid in which atoms, molecules, or ions are packed in regular order.
Found in neutron stars. Vast gravitational pressure compresses atoms so strongly that the electrons are forced to combine with protons via inverse beta-decay, resulting in a super dense conglomeration of neutrons.
A state of where an object can have movement even at its lowest energy state.
A solid in which there is no far-range order of the positions of the atoms.
A state of matter that can only exist at ultra-low temperatures and consists of atoms inside of atoms.
A solid in which the positions of the atoms have long-range order, but this is not in a repeating pattern.
A state of matter that can exist under very high pressure while excited by super lasers.
Black superionic ice
A phase in which quarks become free and able to move independently in an ocean of gluons. May be briefly attainable in particle accelerators, or possibly inside neutron stars.
A molecular solid with long-range positional order but with constituent molecules retaining rotational freedom.
Properties intermediate between liquids and crystals. Generally, able to flow like a liquid but exhibiting long-range order.
Found inside white dwarf stars. Electrons remain bound to atoms but are able to transfer to adjacent atoms.
A type of quark matter that may exist inside some neutron stars close to the Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff limit (approximately 2–3 solar masses). May be stable at lower energy states once formed.