070 OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES

P55
Quiz by JoonaT
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Last updated: September 22, 2022
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1. Whiteout phenomenom:
The sky is clear and sunshine makes landing difficult.
You have to use night vision equipment.
A condition of diffuse light when no shadows are cast, due to a continuous white cloud layer appearing to merge with the white snow surface.
Everything looks dark and there is a need for more lights to be able to perform succesfull landing.
2. Bird activity in vicinity of an airport is broadcasted via:
METAR
TAF
ATIS
SNOWTAM
3. In case of hazardous situation or damage in aviation the commander has to make a report:
Within 24 hours.
As soon as possible.
Within 48 hours.
Within 12 hours.
4. During a takeoff made behind a departing large jet airplane, the pilot can minimize the hazard of wingtip vortices by:
Being airborne prior to reaching the jet's flight path until able to turn clear of its wake.
Maintaining extra speed on takeoff and climb out.
Request intersection takeoff, incase large jet airplane starts ground roll from runway end.
Extending the takeoff roll and not rotating until well beyond the jet's rotation point.
5. When operating a non-preasured aircraft at what preasure altitude you shall use supplemental oxygen?
9900 ft.
13 000 ft.
10 000 ft
8000 ft.
6. Which of the following cases requires submitting an incident report?
Landing light is u/s.
Passenger starts vomiting during a flight.
Aileron gets partly stuck during a flight.
Change of route or destination due to weather.
7. How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a tricycle-gear equipped airplane into a left quartering headwind?
Left aileron up, elevator neutral.
Left aileron up, elevator down.
Left aileron down, elevator up.
Left aileron down, elevator neutral.
8. What is your preferred action, if you are on VFR-flight and fly into a cloud?
180 degree turn and trust external ques also in the cloud.
Start decending until you exit the cloud.
180 degree turn and start trusting on external ques only after exiting the cloud.
Continue the flight normally.
9. Area C on the airport depicted is classified as a (see LAPL/PPL 070-01):
Apron.
Multiple heliport.
Closed runway.
Stabilized area.
10. First aid kit in EASA general aviation aircraft must be:
Easily accessible.
Marked with orange color for easier identification.
Easily accessible, regularly checked and maintained.
Marked with blue color for easier identification.
11. In the course of a flight during daylight hours, a pilot notices that the aircraft's anti-collision light has failed. What course of action should he take?
Return to his base airfield and declare the aircraft unserviceable until the light has been repaired.
Land immediately at the nearest aerodrome.
Land as soon as practically possible at the nearest suitable airfield.
Continue with the flight, as long as it can be completed in daylight, and get the light repaired at the earliest opportunity.
12. Wingtip vortices are created only when an aircraft is:
Has flaps and landing gear extended.
Developing lift.
Heavily loaded.
Operating at high airspeeds.
13. Which of the following advices is correct concerning noice abatement?
Use shortcuts during approach.
Fly with speed over 100 KIAS in final approach.
Perform intensive movements.
Follow published routes.
14. The greatest danger related to carbon monoxide poisoning during flight is:
Carbon monoxide likely ignites fire in aircraft's fueling system.
It is impossible to identify carbon monoxide with any technical equipment.
It is invisible, odorless and tasteless gas, which is very difficult to identify with senses and it may cause rapid unnoticeable loss of consciousness.
It is almost impossible to ventilate carbon monoxide away from the aircraft.
15. You are leaving for a flight from Helsinki-Malmi airfield to Lahti-Vesivehmaa airfield alone. Which of the following items is NOT mandatory?
First aid kit
Fire extinguishant
Maps concerning the selected route
Life vest
16. The numbers 4 and 22 on a runway indicate that the runway is oriented approximately: (see LAPL/PPL 070-02)
004° and 022° (true).
040° and 220° (magnetic).
004° and 022° (magnetic).
040° and 220° (true).
17. What is a recommended way of parking and anchoring an aircraft during severe wind conditions?
Nose towards tailwind
Tail towards headwind
There is not any recommended direction.
Nose towards headwind
18. For night operation, airplanes and gliders must be equipped with the following lights:
Left wing tip: white light, right wing tip: white light, tail: orange light.
Left wing tip: white light, right wing tip: white light, tail: red light.
Left wing tip: green light, right wing tip: red light, tail: white light.
Right wing tip: green light, left wing tip: red light, tail: white light.
19. ICAO wake turbulence categories are:
Super heavy, Heavy, Medium heavy, Small
Enormous, Heavy, Medium heavy, Light
Super heavy, Heavy, Medium heavy, Light
Enormous, Heavy, Light
20. Which aileron position should a pilot generally use when taxiing in strong quartering headwinds?
No relevance.
Aileron neutral.
Aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing.
Aileron up on the side from which the wind is blowing.
21. What safety information must be given to passengers before flight?
All options are correct
Location of fire extinguisher
Function and use of doors
Function and use of seat belts
22. How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a tailwheel airplane with a left quartering tailwind?
Left aileron down, elevator down.
Left aileron up, elevator up.
Left aileron down, elevator neutral.
Left aileron up, elevator neutral.
23. External inspection of an aircraft must be done:
In the morning.
Before every flight.
By mechanic.
After the last flight of the day.
24. Before flight, who is responsible for determining if an aircraft is in condition for safe flight?
The owner.
A certified aircraft mechanic.
Passenger.
The pilot in command.
25. How can you avoid emergency situation which is caused by taxiing to active runway without clearance?
Using 'standard phraseology' in radiotelephony.
Visually confirm that runway is free before crossing it.
Stop before taxiing to a runway.
All options are correct.
26. With respect to passengers, what obligation, if any, does a pilot in command have concerning the use of seat belts?
The pilot in command must instruct the passengers to keep their seat belts fastened for the entire flight.
The pilot in command has no obligation in regard to passengers use of seat belts.
The pilot in command can brief the passengers with the location and the use of seat belts if he/she wants to.
The pilot in command must brief the passengers with the location and the use of seat belts.
27. Who is responsible for ensuring that all relevant aircraft documentation is carried on an international flight?
The flying supervisor at the airfield of departure.
The pilot in command.
The air traffic organisation to which the flight plan is submitted.
The organisation hiring out the aircraft.
28. Choose the right combination. Biggest wake turbulence forms aircraft which: 1. has large mass 2. has small mass 3. is flying high speed 4. is flying low speed 5. has large angle of attack 6. has small angle of attack
2+4+5
1+3+5
1+4+6
1+4+5
29. How should the flight controls be deflected while taxiing a tailwheel aeroplane with a strong tailwind?
Fully up
Down.
In neutral.
Up.
30. Which best describes the flight conditions under which pilots are specifically required to keep their safety harness fastened?
Safety belts during takeoff and landing; shoulder harnesses during takeoff and landing.
Safety belts during takeoff and landing; shoulder harnesses during takeoff and landing and while en route.
Safety belts during takeoff and landing and while en route; shoulder harnesses during takeoff and landing.
Safety belts during takeoff and landing; shoulder harnesses during takeoff.
31. What precautions are required when stopping a light aircraft behind a heavy aircraft that is stopped on the manoeuvring area?
The light aircraft should be facing the large aircraft.
The light aircraft should be no closer than 125 m from rear of large aircraft.
The light aircraft should be stopped clear of the jet blast danger area.
The light aircraft should face away from the large aircraft.
32. To minimize the side loads placed on the landing gear during touchdown, the pilot should keep the:
Longitudinal axis of the aircraft parallel to the direction of its motion.
Upwind wing lowered sufficiently to eliminate the tendency for the aircraft to drift.
Downwind wing lowered sufficiently to eliminate the tendency for the aircraft to drift.
Direction of motion of the aircraft parallel to the runway.
33. Before flight it is the pilot's responsibility to check that the aircraft is properly registered, is airworthy and has been maintained properly. To this end he must check a variety of documents. Which one of the following is not required to be checked?
Certificate of Airworthiness.
Minimum Equipment List.
Third Party Insurance certificate.
Technical log.
34. Can the downdraft air currents occurring as a result of wingtip vortices from a heavier aircraft exceed the climb capability of a light aircraft?
Not.
Occasionally, particularly in the vicinity of air pockets.
Yes, particularly behind large, heavy transport aircraft.
Not normally.
35. Which of the following statements is correct?
A pilot should primarily consider noise abatement when selecting flight route
A pilot can minimize noise pollution
Used descent profiles do not really affect on noise pollution
Altitude does not really affect on noise pollution
36. Where the Certificate of Registration must be kept in an aircraft while the aircraft is flying cross-country flight?
On the ground at the point of departure.
In the registered office of the owner.
By the authority of the State of registration.
In the aircraft.
37. The wake vortices are greatest when the aircraft:
Is heavy and flies fast
Is light and flies slowly
Is light and flies fast
Is heavy and flies slowly
38. Who is responsible for ensuring that an aircraft operating in a state's sovereign airspace complies with the rules and regulations which prevail in that airspace?
The state in which the aircraft is registered.
The state which issued the current Certificate of Airworthiness for the aircraft.
The pilot-in-command of the aircraft.
The state which issued the licence held by the pilot of the aircraft.
39. That portion of the runway identified by the letter A may be used for: (see LAPL/PPL 070-01)
Taxiing and landing.
Taxiing and takeoff.
Landing.
Taxiing.
40. It's the pilot's responsibility to ensure that the aircraft is properly equipped for the planned flight. If there is any doubt the pilot should consult:
Certificate of Maintenance Review.
Pilot's Operating Handbook.
Minimum Equipment List, if applicaple.
Certificate of Airworthiness.
41. Which minimum life-saving equipment should be on board of a non-commercial flight of a single-engined landplane when flying en route over water beyond gliding distance from the shore?
Lifesaving rafts in sufficient numbers to carry all persons on board and one life jacket for each person on board.
Lifesaving jackets in sufficient numbers to carry all persons on board.
Lifesaving rafts in sufficient numbers to carry all persons on board.
One life jacket or equivalent individual floatation device for each person on board.
42. Aquaplaning on a wet runway usually occurs:
High speed
Only on frozen and flooded runways.
Crosswind
In a hot weather.
43. Which wind condition would be most critical when taxiing a nosewheel equipped high-wing airplane?
Direct crosswind.
Left quartering headwind.
Quartering tailwind.
Quartering headwind.
44. According to the airport diagram, which statement is true? (see LAPL/PPL 070- 01)
Takeoffs shall be started at position B on Runway 12, and the landing portion of this runway begins at position A.
Takeoffs may be started at position A on Runway 12, and the landing portion of this runway begins at position B.
Runway 30 is equipped at position E with emergency arresting gear to provide means of stopping military aircraft.
The takeoff and landing portion of Runway 12 begins at position B.
45. The most common fire extinguisher used in aircrafts contains:
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Halon
Powder extinguishant
Water
46. Official data regarding operating limitations and allowed mass of your aircraft could be found in:
Certificate of Airworthiness and in Certificate of Registration.
Aircraft's Flight Manual.
Maintenance Log.
Official Gazette of Civil Aviation Authority.
47. Windshear is:
Rapid change of wind direction.
Mechanic turbulence.
Rapid change of wind direction and/or speed.
Rapid change of wind speed.
48. Which of the following is recommended, if possible, in case of emergency landing in to terrain?
Landing direction always direct in to downwind.
Landing only over the smallest obstacle
Landing direction should be as much as possible to headwind, taking into consideration obstacles
Landing direction always direct in to headwind.
49. When flying in noise sensitive areas, it is recommendable to use ___ in takeoff and landing:
Steeper profiles than normally
Shallower profiles than normally
Higher speeds than normally
Steep curves
50. It is recommended that you pay attention to wind direction in evacuation situation after emergency landing. Leave the aircraft:
Above the wind and do not return to the aircraft until sufficient time has passed after the accident.
Leave the accident scene before help arrives.
Above wind and return to the aircraft as soon as possible after the accident.
Below wind and return to the aircraft as soon as possible after the accident.
51. 'Preflight check' must be performed:
Before every flight.
Before the first flight of the day.
When taxiing.
Only before check flight.
52. Which of the following statements is correct concerning the agent used in fire extinguisher onboard aircrafts?
Type and quantity must be suitable for such fires, which are most likely to ignite in the location where fire extinguisher is planned to be used.
Type and quantity must be suitable for all types of fires.
Halon
Type and quantity must be suitable for all types of fires, in the location where fire extinguisher is planned to be used.
53. ICAO Annex 6 regulates:
Operation of Aircraft
Survival equipment
Drones
National law
54. When flying in an area where it's mandatory to use life vests, you need to give following information to passengers:
Passengers don't need any information how to use life vests.
Life vest must be inflated as soon as a decision of an emergency landing has been made.
Don't inflate life vest until outside of an aircraft.
You may not wear live vest during flight.
55. What actions have been done to reduce risk of fire when fueling?
Defining an area where it is forbidden to smoke and make an open fire.
Person fueling has to define an area for fueling.
Defining an area where it is forbidden to make an open fire.
Defining an area where it is forbidden to smoke.
56. How should the flight controls be held while taxiing a tricycle-gear equipped airplane into a left quartering tailwind?
Right aileron down, elevator neutral.
Left aileron up, elevator down.
Left aileron up, elevator neutral.
Left aileron down, elevator down.
57. What is the difference between area A and area E on the airport depicted? (see LAPL/PPL 070-01)
"A" may be used for takeoff only; "E" may be used only for taxi only.
"A" may be used only for taxiing; "E" may be used for all operations except landings.
"A" may be used for all operations except heavy aircraft landing; "E" may be used for only as an overrun.
"A" may be used for taxi and takeoff; "E" may be used only as an overrun.
58. When must the anti-collision beacon on an aircraft be operating (if installed)?
Must be switched on shortly before takeoff and switched off when the aircraft vacates the runway.
All the time the aircraft is flying.
Must be on all the time the engine of an aircraft is running.
Must be switched on after engine start-up and switched off before engine shut-down.
59. All aircraft on the aircraft movement area of an aerodrome with engines running are display lights to indicate this. Which one of the following is used for this purpose?
Red anti-collision light.
Landing light.
Navigation lights.
Tail light.
60. Which of the following instructions concerning noise abatement is correct?
Navigate via published departure routes
Perform always spot landings
Perform all turns steeply
Navigating via published departure routes is not recommended
61. During a flight you must conduct a forced landing. Which of the following is your primary task?
To inform the passengers
To inform the air traffic control
To activate the emergency beacons
To control the aircraft to the chosen forced landing field
62. Which procedure should you follow to avoid wake turbulence if a larger aircraft crosses your course from left to right approximately 1 mile ahead and at your altitude?
Slow your airspeed to VA and maintain altitude and course.
Make sure you are slightly below the path of the jet and perpendicular to the course.
Make sure you are slightly above the path of the jet.
Increase airspeed to VNE and maintain altitude and course.
63. The wingtip vortices of the preceding passenger aircraft:
Move straight towards the following aircraft
Move with the wind
Climb up
Degrade almost instantly
64. Single engine land aircrafts must have lifejackets or personal floating devices for all person's onboard, if:
The aircraft is flown over land.
The aircraft is used for taxiing practices.
The aircraft is flown over water within the gliding distance from land.
The aircraft is flown over water farther away from land, than gliding distance.
65. Choose the correct answer concerning noise abatement procedures.
All populous areas are concidered as noise abatement areas.
Noise abatement areas all always restricted areas.
It is forbidden to use power more than 50% from max power in noise abatement areas.
Noise abatement areas are marked on the chart with specific symbols.
66. How do you perform a visual approach behind MD11-aircraft (heavy)?
You fly above MD11's glide path and land your aircraft after MD11's touchdown point.
You fly below MD11's glide path.
It doesn't effect when planning approach.
You fly above MD11's glide path and land your aircraft as close threshold as possible.
67. What would be most likely to cause an upset while taxiing a nose-wheel equipped aircraft in strong wind?
Accelerating suddenly.
Applying the brakes suddenly & firmly.
Lifting the nose-wheel
Turning sharply (causing the wind to lift the up-wind wing).
68. Which of the following weather phenomena is NOT usually hazardous for flight operations?
Severe turbulence
Wind
Icing
Thunder
69. How long will wake turbulence remain after the passage of a large aircraft?
Five minutes or more; ATC permits two or three minutes separation.
Three minutes.
Less than four minutes.
Two minutes.
70. Which one of the following alternatives is correct concerning floating devices when operating above sea and water areas?
Liferaft is mandatory when operating in the vicinity of water areas.
Life jackets are not mandatory.
Survival suits must be worn always when operating in the vicinity of water areas.
The number of life vests onboard must be sufficient for all passengers and crew.
71. When landing behind a large aircraft, the pilot should avoid wake turbulence by staying:
Above the large aircraft's final approach flight path and landing beyond the large aircraft's touchdown point.
Below the large aircraft's final approach flight path and landing before the large aircraft's touchdown point.
Below the large aircraft's final approach flight path and landing after the large aircraft's touchdown point.
Above the large aircraft's final approach flight path and landing before the large aircraft's touchdown point.
72. In a case of an emergency, who is responsible of evacuating the passengers?
Aviation authority
The owner of the aircraft
The passengers themselves
Pilot in command
73. When landing to a runway after a heavy aircraft, a helicopter ends up more easily in the wake vortices of the preceding aircraft when:
Approaching above the glideslope
Approaching above the wind
Landing to the beginning of a runway when the wind is calm
Landing further to a runway
74. Which type of agent is used to fight electrical fire in the cockpit?
Oil
Powder
Halon
Water
75. The person directly responsible for the safety briefing of passengers for a flight is:
Safety officer.
ATC.
Ground crewmember.
Pilot in command.
76. What frequency should be monitored by an aircraft when taking-off from an uncontrolled airfield inside the Finnish airspace taking in to consideration good airmanship?
EFHK APP.
117.8 MHz.
121.1 MHz.
Area Control Center (ACC).
77. What is the most likely cause of the dangerous turbulence behind heavy aircraft?
Jet blast.
Wingtip vortices.
Microburst.
Propeller blast.
78. Which of the following is NOT an item that must be instructed for the passengers before the flight?
How to open and close the doors
The use of air conditioning device
The function of the safety belts
How to enter and exit an aircraft
79. How many handheld fire-extinguishers must be onboard EASA registered AC, without separate passenger compartment?
2
3
0
1
80. Passengers are instructed how to use safety belts and doors:
Only in commercial operations
Before a flight
Only in special circumstances
After takeoff
81. A pilot can confront a white out phenomenom:
When landing in rain
When flying in freezing rain
When landing on a frozen lake covered with snow in cloudy weather
When flying during winter frosts
82. The arrows that appear on the end of the north/south runway indicate that the area (see LAPL/PPL 070-02):
Cannot be used for landing, but may be used for taxiing and takeoff.
Is unsuitable for aircraft operation.
May be used only for taxiing.
Is usable for taxiing, takeoff, and landing.
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