While deserts reach higher highs during the day, they also reach lower lows during the night, since there is very little moisture. Water can absorb lots of heat without its temperature increasing dramatically, while air warms up with very little energy. At night, air also cools very fast while water cools very slowly, releasing lots of heat in the process. Where moisture is present, Sun energy is therefore basically spread over the day/seasons.
If you wanna know why rainforests and deserts are where they are, it's basically because wind convection cells make it rain over the Equator, while the Tropics get the dry air that's left behind.
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