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World Religion's Major Denominations

Name the major first-order branches or denominations in the world's major religions. A "first-order division or denomination" is the primary organizational/doctrinal/legal groups of a religion. Typically they contain numerous smaller denominations within their umbrella.
Second-order branches, e.g., Presbyterianism (Christanity), Sevener Ismailism (Islam), and Zen (Buddhism), will not count.
Sects (typically newer and/or smaller reformist or break-away groups) are excluded as separate branches.
Judaism's denominations represent a U.S.-centered perspective.
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Last updated: December 17, 2020
First submittedDecember 17, 2020
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World Religion
Answer
Hint
Judaism
Conservative
Neither the most liberal nor traditionalist denomination
Karaite
Only branch to reject "Oral Torah" tradition of Jewish law
Modern Orthodox
Denomination represented by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel
Reform
Judaism's most "liberal" denomination
Ultra-Orthodox
Most visible members are the the pious, self-isolating "Hasidim."
Christianity
Catholicism
Contains Western and Eastern Churches, both led by Bishop of Rome
Church of the East
Also called Nestorian Christianity; 1st denomination to split off doctrinally
Eastern Orthodox
Leader is the Patriarch of Constantinople
Oriental Orthodox
Largest group is Egypt's Coptic Church
Protestantism
Started with Martin Luther's 95 Theses
World Religion
Answer
Hint
Islam
Kharijite
Primary branch in Oman
Shi'a
Majority branch of Islam in Iran
Sunni
Islam's largest branch
Hinduism
Shaivism
Shiva is the primary deity.
Shaktism
Some aspect of the Mother Goddess is the primary deity.
Smartism
Synthesis of traditions, allowing worship of any form of the divine (with a core 5 being primary)
Vaishnavism
Vishnu (in 1+ forms) is the primary deity.
Buddhism
Mahayana
Buddhism of China and Japan
Theravada
Oldest denomination; most common in Southeast Asia
Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism (sometimes considered a 2nd-order denomination)
+2
Level 44
Dec 17, 2020
Amazing quiz! Subscribed
+1
Level 57
Dec 13, 2021
The Oman branch of Islam is called "Ibadi" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Oman