Can you guess the English words that correspond to the definitions given below? All correct answers are ultimately of Nahuatl origin--i.e. they were all first attested in the language spoken by the Aztecs and their descendants in what is now Mexico.
all definitions have been adapted from entries in the Oxford English Dictionary
most words included were borrowed into English via an intermediary language, usually Spanish
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A batrachian reptile found in Mexican lakes, resembling the salamander in appearance
A hallucinogenic drug made from a cactus and used esp. in some North American Indian rituals
A paste or powder made of ground roasted cocoa beans (typically sweetened and sometimes with other ingredients or flavourings added)
A wild cat that has a tawny coat marked with numerous black rings, spots, and streaks, and is found in forests and scrub from southern Texas to Argentina
The glossy fruit of a perennial trailing or climbing plant, native to tropical America and now widely cultivated as an annual garden vegetable in temperate as well as tropical regions, having soft pulpy flesh and many seeds, most typically spheroidal and bright red in colour when ripe
A Mexican dish made of avocado mixed with onions, tomatoes, chili peppers, and seasoning
An annual, typically purple-flowering plant native to Mexico which is cultivated from the south-western United States to Argentina for its greyish, oily, mucilaginous seed, used in various foods
A dried and smoked ripe jalapeño pepper, which is dark reddish-brown with a strong, piquant flavour
Any of various thorny, pinnate-leaved, thicket-forming trees and shrubs characteristic of arid regions of Mexico and the south-western United States
A dish traditional in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, typically consisting of masa dough containing a filling of meat, vegetables, or other ingredients, cooked by steaming or baking in a wrapping of maize husks or plantain leaves
The name, in Mexico and now in the United States, of the prairie- or barking-wolf of the Pacific slope of North America